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Brave new world prereading ppt

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Brave new world and Huxley

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Brave new world prereading ppt

  1. 1. In the play, Miranda, who has spent her life on an island alone with her father, meets people for the first time and says, “O brave new world that has such people in it”. She uses the word ‘brave’ with its old meaning of ‘fine’ or ‘splendid’.. The expression ‘brave new world’ has come to imply a cynical view, meaning that things are often not as wonderful as they look. WHY THE TITLE?
  2. 2. • 1894-1963  Aldous Huxley was born into a well-known British family.  Huxley was educated first at Eton and later at Oxford University, and he dreamed of a career in science.  However, he had to give up the idea when, at the age of 16, an illness severely affected his eyesight. Instead, he studied English and developed a writing career. • Lived in the US in later life, died while living in L.A. • His “novels of ideas” have sometimes been criticized as being “too intellectual”  Published Brave New World in 1932
  3. 3.  Huxley was particularly concerned about the ways in which dictators used science to control people and deny them their freedom.  He was worried about the idea of a future world of tyranny and totalitarianism. When he wrote the book, genetic engineering was virtually unknown.
  4. 4. • Utopia – perfect society • Dystopia – dreadful, dysfunctional society • Satire – writing intended to ridicule and arouse contempt – especially by using irony and exaggeration • Caste System – social structure which divides people on the basis of inherited social status • Soma – an anti-depressant, semi- hallucinogenic drug introduced by the World State
  5. 5.  Reservations: areas in different regions of North America where the Native Indians were obliged to live when white people took over their lands  Eton: is one of the most famous and prestigious schools in Britain. Its students come from aristocratic, wealthy and well-known families
  6. 6. Ideas taken from: • Sigmund Freud o Psychiatrist o Psychoanalysis o Mental health and illness spring from a child’s upbringing, does not inherit it. oIvan Pavlov o Russian physician & psychologist o “Classical conditioning” using dogs o RESULT: Trained dogs to salivate at the sound of a bell, even without giving food. (On this basis they condition the children in the Brave New World. They have to learn that flowers are bad, because flowers do not support the economy)
  7. 7. A dystopian tale about a possible future world where human faith in scientific progress, freedom, dignity, and individuality are all called into question. Set in two locations in the 26th century: London and a New Mexico Indian reservation Religion of the World State based on the life and philosophies of Henry Ford
  8. 8. . A.F. (After Ford) is a cynical reference to B.C., (Before Christ) . A.F. refers to Henry Ford as a god who is honoured and worshipped as the inventor of the car, a material object. • Our Ford is a parody of ‘Our Lord’, the expression we use to refer to God. The title His Fordship is used in the same way that we use His Lordship to address lords, people of high social rank. • • Mass-production is a process used to produce many identical objects in a factory quickly and efficiently. The Ford factory, for example, developed systems of mass-production for making cars “Our Ford”
  9. 9. Government organization “conditions” the lower caste children using Hypnopaedia • Sleep teaching • Moral education • Class conditioning “The child’s mind is these suggestions, and the sum of the suggestions is the child’s mind”
  10. 10. Caste System: Alphas (Α)– highest, grey Betas (Β)- mulberry, bottle green Gammas (Γ)- leaf green Deltas (Δ)- khaki Epsilons (Ε)– lowest, black There are also plusses and minuses, so one can be an Alpha Plus or a Gamma Minus. Differentiation achieved through oxygen deprivation
  11. 11. Some individuals are created using the Bokanovsky Process • Fertilization process used to create Deltas & Epsilons • Divide fertilized eggs to produce identical twins • Instrument of social stability Scientifically-created babies were an imaginative concept in Huxley’s time when people did not know about genetic engineering. It was more than half a century later that scientists began work on cloning and produced Dolly the sheep, the first cloned animal
  12. 12. • A society where all aspects of an individual's life are determined by the state, beginning with the concept of reproduction. • A government bureau decides all roles in the hierarchy. The society produces its own members and gives them their place in the society where they have special tasks they have to fullfill. • Children are raised and conditioned by the state, not brought up by natural families. • Citizens must not fall in love, marry, or have their own children. There is no love, because this could lead to individual wishes and desires.
  13. 13. Brave New World  Dystopia  Future society that imposes control over the individual • Mental conditioning has eliminated the need for strict government enforcement at all • Frightening in its implications • Huxley seems to be warning us of a future in which prosperity and imposed happiness have caused us to suppress our own individuality and search for meaning. 1984  Dystopia  Future society that imposes control over the individual • Big Brother controls society through intimidation, fear and the violent suppression of individual freedoms • Disturbing and repulsive • Orwell’s vision warns us of the dangers of a totalitarian regime that forcibly limits our intellectual curiosity and freedoms Brave New World is often compared to George Orwell’s novel, 1984, which was written in 1948 and also deals with a future world of tyranny and totalitarianism
  14. 14.  1. Describe how the relationship between Lenina and John develops during the story.  2. In your opinion, why did people take soma so often in the story?  3. What do you consider to be the positive and negative sides of Bernard’s personality?  4. In what ways is Lenina a ‘victim of the system’? Explain your answer by giving examples.  5. Why do you think John committed suicide? Could it have been prevented? Explain your answer.  6. If you lived in the New World of Brave New World, what aspect(s) of life would be the most difficult for you to get used to? Explain the reason why.  7. People say that Aldous Huxley predicted many aspects of modern-day life when he wrote Brave New World. Give examples from the book that show this.
  15. 15. From population control programs and test tube conception techniques to the use of drugs and material consumption as a solution for depression and discontent, the book accurately predicts some of the emerging social trends of the last 50 years
  16. 16. Edmondson, Elizabeth. “Brave New World Powerpoint.” Gilmour Academy. 8 May 2007. PDF file. Web. 19 Apr 2010. A Guide to Brave New World. Austin, Texas: Holt, Reinhart, and Winston, 2003. Print. Huxley, Aldous. Brave New World. New York: Harper Collins, 1998. Wood, Lisha. “Brave New World Intro.” Sprayberry High School. Typepad. 6 Sept 2006. Web. 19 Apr 2010. Brave New world Burlington reading guide