SlideShare utilise les cookies pour améliorer les fonctionnalités et les performances, et également pour vous montrer des publicités pertinentes. Si vous continuez à naviguer sur ce site, vous acceptez l’utilisation de cookies. Consultez nos Conditions d’utilisation et notre Politique de confidentialité.
SlideShare utilise les cookies pour améliorer les fonctionnalités et les performances, et également pour vous montrer des publicités pertinentes. Si vous continuez à naviguer sur ce site, vous acceptez l’utilisation de cookies. Consultez notre Politique de confidentialité et nos Conditions d’utilisation pour en savoir plus.
Structure• The Great Gatsby is structured as a series offlashbacks• When the novel opens Nick lets us know theevents happened in the past• Nick’s narration “frames” the narrative• There other flashbacks within Nick’sflashback: Jordan telling of Daisy’s early life,Gatsby’s early life
Narrator• Most of the story is told from Nick’s point of view -author• The novel begins with Nick stating that he wastaught by his father to “withhold judgment”• Father tells him people have not “had all theadvantages you’ve had.”• As a result of this trait many people have confided inhim• From the Minnesota from a “well to do family” –old money
Nick Carraway• Moves to West Egg -fictional place on LongIsland• Visits his cousin Daisy whois married to Tom• Daisy and Tom live in EastEgg – old money• Nick and Tom both went toYale but not friends – hehas a “cruel body”• Rents the old house next toGatsby’s mansion
• When Nick visits Daisy and Tom describes their wealthylifestyle• At dinner he meets Jordan, a socialite and golf pro that Tomand Daisy want Nick to take a romantic interest in• It is obvious that things are not right• Tom tries to interest Nick in a racist book• Tom’s lover calls during dinner and Jordan says “everyone”knows• Daisy calls Tom a brute and accuses him of bruising herfinger• Nick says “that the thing for Daisy to do was to rush out ofthe house, child in arms…”
Daisy Buchanan• Nick describes her face as“sad and lovely with brightthings in it”• Her voice has “excitement”,is “thrilling”, “is anarrangement of notes• She murmurs and bringspeople closer• She is alluring• Wants her child to be “abeautiful little fool” –comment on the situation ofwomen
Jay Gatsby• The mysterious titlecharacter• Nick first spies himoutside his mansionstretching his arms outto shore – green light• He throws lavish parties• No one knows where heis from and where hisfortune comes from
Color Symbolism• White – often uses to describe Daisy – usually meansinnocence, purity but in the novel it is corrupted• Gold and Yellow – Gatsby wears a gold tie, Daisy is the“golden girl” – wealth but yellow is fake gold – Gatsby’s caralso Dr. T. J. Eckleburg’s glasses• Grey – lack of life, prosperity – the valley of ashes, Wilson’sface• Green – life, hope, the future – like plants and trees – thegreen light• Blue – illusions – Gatsby’s blue lawn, his butler’s uniform –the eyes of Dr. T. J. Eckleburg
Symbolism• The Valley of Ashes – a grey no man’s landwere workers work in an “ash farm” betweenthe city and wealthy Long Island – poverty,hopelessness – Wilson• Dr. T. J. Eckleburg – his blue eyes loom overthe valley of ashes – watching – God’s eyes?• The Green Light – Gatsby watches it andstretches his arms out toward it – Daisy -hisdreams and hope
Symbolism• The Owl-eyed Man – owls are wise andknowing – he first discovers that Gatsby’sbooks’ pages aren’t “cut” – has the caraccident – comes to the funeral
Major ThemesThe American Dream• The American Dream – Gatsby strives for this ideal –Wealth – Daisy is the “golden girl” of his dream.When he kisses her his transformation from JamesGatz to Jay Gatsby is complete. She is only part of it.He seeks wealth, acceptance also• Fitzgerald demonstrates how this dream is corrupted– the idea that hard work will help you obtain it is alie – old money will never accept you• For Gatsby his pursuit leads to demise – Daisy is notwho she seems to be
Major ThemesThe American Dream• The dream is really about materialism –empty pursuit – Gatsby’s parties – the alcohol,shady deals, the shirts• All the while God watches – What does hedo?• Last pages – “the green light, the orgasticfuture that year by year recedes before us…”• The American Dream – Dead? – Was it everreally real?
Major ThemesClass• Class divides the “old money” – Daisy andTom – from “new money” – Gatsby• West Egg and East Egg• The valley of ashes• The poor are dispensable and used – Wilson,Daisy runs over Myrtle and never stops• Wilson kills Gatsby and no one comes tofuneral
Major ThemesCompassion and Forgiveness• Nick says at one point that he was “sick of allof them” however he is the only one whostands by Gatsby• Gatsby can forgive Daisy for marrying Tombut he can’t forgive her for loving him• Daisy can forgive Tom’s cheating but resentshim for it• Daisy can’t forgive Gatsby for the way he hasearned his money