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Child welfare

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child welfare

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Child welfare

  1. 1. CHILD WELFARE :- services and institutions concerned with the physical, social, and psychological well-being of children, particularly children suffering from the effects of poverty or lacking normal parental care and supervision. CHILD WELFARE services may apply only the essential measures to keep children alive, such as emergency feeding, shelter, and simple public health precautions. The general standard of living, the level of education, and the financial resources of the country are among the factors that determine child welfare standards.
  2. 2. - The Document also provides for protection of children in difficult circumstances, children with disabilities, children from marginalized and disadvantaged communities, and child victims. - The document while stipulating the duties of the State and the Community towards children also emphasizes the duties of children towards family, society and the Nation. -The National Charter for Children was notified in the Gazette of India on 9th Feb., 2014. - India acceded to the UN convention on the Rights of the Child on 11th Dec., 1992 to reiterate its commitment to the cause of children. The objective of the Convention is to give every child the right to survival and development in a healthy and congenial environment. - India is also party to the Millennium Development Goals and the SAARC Conventions on Child Welfare and Combating Trafficking of Women and Children in SAARC Region.
  3. 3.  National plan of action for children 2005  Women and Child Development has prepared a National Plan of Action for Children 2005 after harmonizing the goals for children set in the UN General Assembly Special Session on Children held in 2002 and the monitorable targets set in the Tenth Five Year Plan, and goals for children in related Ministries/Departments.  The Action Plan has been prepared in consultation with concerned Ministries and Development, State/Union territory Governments, Non Governments Organizations and experts.  The National Plan of Action include goals, objectives, staregies and activities for improving nutritional status of children, reducing drop out rates, universalization of primary education, increasing coverage for immunization etc.
  4. 4. The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000 is the primary legal framework for juvenile justice in India. The Act provides for a special approach towards the prevention and treatment of juvenile delinquency and provides a framework for the protection, treatment and rehabilitation of children in the purview of the juvenile justice system. This law, brought in compliance of Child Rights Convention 1989, repealed the earlier Juvenile Justice Act of 1986 after India signed and ratified Child Rights Convention 1989 in year 1992. This Act has been further amended in year 2006 and 2010. Government of India is once again contemplating bringing further amendments and a review committee has been constituted by Ministry of Women and Child Development which is reviewing the existing legislation.
  6. 6.  ChildLine is a free 24 hour counselling service for children.  ChildLine deals with any issue which causes distress or concern, common issues dealt with include child abuse, bullying, parental separation or divorce, pregnancy and substance misuse.  ChildLine's intention is to always keep calls confidential. ChildLine counsellors take action, however the situation, big or small, if they can help. Counsellors do not record calls but write down case notes of calls and sometimes counselling supervisors may also listen in to calls to make sure that they can help the best they can.
  8. 8. ICPS - GOALS  Improve planning and coordination  Institutionalize and strengthen structures, infrastructure  Enhance capacities at all levels  Create a knowledge base  Inter-sectored response  Improve accountability and monitoring  Expand reach  Raise public awareness
  9. 9. ICPS - APPROACHES  Prevention  Family-based care  Continuum of services – feasible care plan for each child  Community based service delivery  Decentralization, flexibility  Partnership, community empowerment  Quality care, standards  Capacity building
  10. 10. ICPS – STATUTORY SERVICES  Child Welfare Committees (CWC)  Juvenile Justice Boards (JJB)  Special Juvenile Police Units (SJPU)  TRACKCHILD
  11. 11. FOR EXAMPLE  Rescue by CHILDLINE, Police  1st level intervention by CHILDLINE  Medical check, attention by District Health Dept  Trace family – CHILDLINE, Police  CWC - Child Welfare Committees  Placement  Individual care plan include shelter, education, health, counseling, legal  Repatriation, if necessary  Documentation
  12. 12. CHILDLINE 10-9-8 CHILDLINE is India’s first and only 24-hour, free, emergency phone outreach service for children in need of care & protection. It is supported by the Government of India’s Ministry for Women and Child Development.
  13. 13. INDIA’S CHILDREN  19% of the world’s children  1/3 of India’s population  40% estimated as vulnerable to or experiencing difficult circumstances  0.04% of national budget to child protection
  14. 14. CHILDLINE 1098 CHILDREN  Street children  Child addicts  Children needing medical help  Missing children  Abused children  Mentally ill children  Child labourers  HIV/AIDS infected children  Differently-abled children  Child marriages
  15. 15. Information calls: handled by Contact Centre staff Calls requiring intervention handed over to City Intervention Units INTERVENTION MODEL JULY 2013 Incoming calls to 1098 Produce cases before CWC Assist in implementing CWC order File FIR if needed Link to counselling, health, shelter, other services Provide SOS assistance: food, medical help, temporary shelter etc. Call Response Investigate to determine action to be taken
  16. 16. 5 CRITICAL CHILDLINE STRATEGIES 1. Partnership with the Government of India – rights focus, operational autonomy, long-term viability 2. Social franchising model – national reach, quality at minimal overhead/bureaucracy 3. Getting allied systems to play their part – realising rights, ensuring policy implementation, coherence 4. State-of-the-art technology – data-driven decision- making, scale, efficiency combined with localised, human response for sensitivity, personalisation 5. Public-private-civil society collaboration – independence, convening dialogue within and between sectors
  17. 17. CAB CHILDLINE Advisory Board (CAB) in each city, brings in representatives of all allied systems to collaborate in tackling Child Protection issues.  Police  Healthcare establishments  Educational service organisations  Local, district and state government institutions/depts  Judiciary and legal aid services  Telecom providers  Media
  18. 18. NATIONAL INITIATIVE FOR CHILD PROTECTION (NICP).  Mainstream the protection of child rights into all governance systems.  Focus on extensive child rights training to shift the attitude, knowledge and skills of functionaries in the Allied Systems.  Engage in large-scale advocacy to accelerate policy change.  Involved in child budgeting and in seeking amendments of existing laws and the passage of new ones.  Since 2000, over 1100 training sessions organized to train over 100,000 allied systems personnel.  Over 400 training sessions conducted annually across the CHILDLINE cities.
  19. 19. 4. Mid-day meal scheme…  National Programme of Nutritional support to primary education popularly known as mid-day meal scheme  Mid-day meal scheme started in 1995 Main objectives of mid- day meal scheme:-  To improve the nutritional status of children in classes one to five in Government Schools and Government aided schools
  20. 20.  To encourage children for disadvantaged backgrounds to attend schools regularly also to concentrate in school activities.  To provide nutritional support to students in drought- ridden areas through out summer vacation.
  21. 21.  The mid-day meal programme is carried out by local authorities with assistance from village Panchayats…
  22. 22. • Child labour is the practice of having children engage in economic activity, on part or full time basis. •Vast majority of child labour is found in rural settings and informal urban economy.
  23. 23. CAUSES OF CHILD LABOUR  Poverty  Lack of affordable schools.  Growth of informal economy. The child labour practice deprives children of their childhood, and is harmful to their physical and mental development.
  24. 24. RECENT INITIATIVES… The Commission for Protection of the Child Rights Act 2005  Notified by the Government in the Gazette of India on 20 Jan, 2006  Commission set up for the proper enforcement of children's rights and effective implementation of laws and programmes related to children.  Commission consisted of a chairperson and six other members including women members, a Member Secretary and other supporting staff.
  25. 25. FUNCTIONS OF THE COMMISSION… The functionsof the Commissionare :-  Examine and review the safeguards provided by Constitution for protection of child rights.  Present annual reports to the Central Government  Examine all factors that inhibit the enjoyment of rights of children in need of special care and protection  To promote research in the field of child rights  To spread child rights among various sections of the society
  26. 26. State Commission for protection of Child Rights…  The State Governments constitute state commission for protection of child rights in their state and designate a state level and other district level children’s court in their respective state. Offences against children [prevention] bill…  Child abuse involves several aspects such as sexual exploitation, economic exploitation, domestic violence, trafficking for prostitution, corporal punishment at school and others.
  27. 27. http://www.wcd.nic.in/cwnew.htm http://en.wikipedia.org