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CHILD WELFARE :-
services and institutions concerned with the physical, social, and psychological
well-being of children, particularly children suffering from the
effects of poverty or lacking normal parental care and supervision.
CHILD WELFARE services may apply only the essential
measures to keep children alive, such as emergency feeding, shelter, and
simple public health precautions. The general standard of living, the level of
education, and the financial resources of the country are among the factors
that determine child welfare standards.
- The Document also provides for protection of children in difficult
circumstances, children with disabilities, children from marginalized and
disadvantaged communities, and child victims.
- The document while stipulating the duties of the State and the
Community towards children also emphasizes the duties of children
towards family, society and the Nation.
-The National Charter for Children was notified in the Gazette of
India on 9th Feb., 2014.
- India acceded to the UN convention on the Rights of the Child on
11th Dec., 1992 to reiterate its commitment to the cause of children.
The objective of the Convention is to give every child the right to
survival and development in a healthy and congenial environment.
- India is also party to the Millennium Development Goals and the
SAARC Conventions on Child Welfare and Combating Trafficking of
Women and Children in SAARC Region.
National plan of action for children 2005
Women and Child Development has prepared a National Plan of Action
for Children 2005 after harmonizing the goals for children set in the
UN General Assembly Special Session on Children held in 2002 and the
monitorable targets set in the Tenth Five Year Plan, and goals for
children in related Ministries/Departments.
The Action Plan has been prepared in consultation with concerned
Ministries and Development, State/Union territory Governments, Non
Governments Organizations and experts.
The National Plan of Action include goals, objectives, staregies and
activities for improving nutritional status of children, reducing drop out
rates, universalization of primary education, increasing coverage for
The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000 is the primary
legal framework for juvenile justice in India. The Act provides for a special
approach towards the prevention and treatment of juvenile delinquency and
provides a framework for the protection, treatment and rehabilitation of children
in the purview of the juvenile justice system.
This law, brought in compliance of Child Rights Convention 1989, repealed the
earlier Juvenile Justice Act of 1986 after India signed and ratified Child Rights
Convention 1989 in year 1992.
This Act has been further amended in year 2006 and 2010. Government of India
is once again contemplating bringing further amendments and a review committee
has been constituted by Ministry of Women and Child Development which is
reviewing the existing legislation.
3. CHILDLINE SERVICE &
CHILDLINE INDIA FOUNDATION
ChildLine is a free 24 hour counselling service for children.
ChildLine deals with any issue which causes distress or concern, common
issues dealt with include child abuse, bullying, parental separation
or divorce, pregnancy and substance misuse.
ChildLine's intention is to always keep calls confidential. ChildLine counsellors
take action, however the situation, big or small, if they can help. Counsellors do
not record calls but write down case notes of calls and sometimes counselling
supervisors may also listen in to calls to make sure that they can help the best
ICPS - GOALS
Improve planning and coordination
Institutionalize and strengthen structures, infrastructure
Enhance capacities at all levels
Create a knowledge base
Improve accountability and monitoring
Raise public awareness
ICPS - APPROACHES
Continuum of services – feasible care plan for each child
Community based service delivery
Partnership, community empowerment
Quality care, standards
Rescue by CHILDLINE, Police
1st level intervention by CHILDLINE
Medical check, attention by District Health Dept
Trace family – CHILDLINE, Police
CWC - Child Welfare Committees
Individual care plan include shelter, education, health,
Repatriation, if necessary
CHILDLINE is India’s first and only 24-hour, free, emergency
phone outreach service for children in need of care & protection.
It is supported by the Government of India’s Ministry for Women
and Child Development.
19% of the world’s children
1/3 of India’s population
40% estimated as vulnerable to or experiencing
0.04% of national budget to child protection
CHILDLINE 1098 CHILDREN
Children needing medical help
Mentally ill children
HIV/AIDS infected children
handled by Contact
intervention handed over
to City Intervention Units
Incoming calls to 1098
Produce cases before
Assist in implementing
File FIR if needed
Link to counselling,
health, shelter, other
Provide SOS assistance:
food, medical help,
temporary shelter etc.
determine action to
5 CRITICAL CHILDLINE
1. Partnership with the Government of India – rights
focus, operational autonomy, long-term viability
2. Social franchising model – national reach, quality at
3. Getting allied systems to play their part – realising
rights, ensuring policy implementation, coherence
4. State-of-the-art technology – data-driven decision-
making, scale, efficiency combined with localised,
human response for sensitivity, personalisation
5. Public-private-civil society collaboration –
independence, convening dialogue within and
CHILDLINE Advisory Board (CAB) in each city,
brings in representatives of all allied systems to
collaborate in tackling Child Protection issues.
Educational service organisations
Local, district and state government institutions/depts
Judiciary and legal aid services
NATIONAL INITIATIVE FOR
CHILD PROTECTION (NICP).
Mainstream the protection of child rights into all governance
Focus on extensive child rights training to shift the attitude,
knowledge and skills of functionaries in the Allied Systems.
Engage in large-scale advocacy to accelerate policy change.
Involved in child budgeting and in seeking amendments of
existing laws and the passage of new ones.
Since 2000, over 1100 training sessions organized to train over
100,000 allied systems personnel.
Over 400 training sessions conducted annually across the
4. Mid-day meal scheme…
National Programme of Nutritional support to
primary education popularly known as mid-day
Mid-day meal scheme started in 1995
Main objectives of mid- day meal scheme:-
To improve the nutritional status of children
in classes one to five in Government Schools
and Government aided schools
To encourage children for disadvantaged backgrounds to
attend schools regularly also to concentrate in school
To provide nutritional support to students in drought- ridden
areas through out summer vacation.
The mid-day meal programme is carried
out by local authorities with assistance
from village Panchayats…
• Child labour is the practice of having children engage in
economic activity, on part or full time basis.
•Vast majority of child labour is found in rural settings and
informal urban economy.
CAUSES OF CHILD LABOUR
Lack of affordable
Growth of informal
The child labour practice
deprives children of their
childhood, and is harmful
to their physical and
The Commission for Protection of the Child Rights Act 2005
Notified by the Government in the Gazette of India on 20 Jan,
Commission set up for the proper enforcement of children's rights
and effective implementation of laws and programmes related to children.
Commission consisted of a chairperson and six other members
including women members, a Member Secretary and other supporting
FUNCTIONS OF THE COMMISSION…
The functionsof the Commissionare :-
Examine and review the safeguards provided by Constitution for
protection of child rights.
Present annual reports to the Central Government
Examine all factors that inhibit the enjoyment of rights of children in
need of special care and protection
To promote research in the field of child rights
To spread child rights among various sections of the society
State Commission for protection of Child Rights…
The State Governments constitute state commission for protection of child rights in
their state and designate a state level and other district level children’s court in their
Offences against children [prevention] bill…
Child abuse involves several aspects such as sexual exploitation, economic
exploitation, domestic violence, trafficking for prostitution, corporal punishment at
school and others.