An integrated GPS-GSM system is proposed to track
vehicles. The remote module has a GPS mounted on the
moving vehicle to identify its current position, and to be
transferred by GSM with other parameters acquired by
the automobile’s data port as an SMS to a recipient
station. Vehicle tracking and locking system is needed to
be installed in the vehicle, to track the place and lock the
The goal of this system is to manage fleet, police
automobiles distribution and car theft cautions.
The ability to accurately detect a vehicle’s location and its
status is the main goal of automobile trajectory monitoring
systems. These systems are implemented using several hybrid
techniques that include:
• wireless Communication,
• geographical positioning,
• and embedded applications.
Vehicle tracking systems accepted in consumer vehicles as a
theft prevention and retrieval device.
• The prevalence of surveillance systems for tracking and
monitoring humans and vehicles using video information
is expanding rapidly in recent times.
• Improvements in computing power, increased safety
concerns, increased global threats and a greater awareness
and pursuit in developing country’s and organization's
security capabilities have all contributed to this
•Most vehicle tracking systems can be classified into four
broad categories: model based, region-based, active
contour-based, or feature based tracking .
• When the camera is not in motion, most of the image remains
relatively static. This allows simple motion detection techniques to be
used to segment vehicles from the background.
• Most roads are flat; while the view field is still essentially three
dimensional, motion modeling and prediction may be simplified by
restricting velocity parameters to two dimensions.
• While in transit, vehicles exhibit no articulated motion; this greatly
simplifies shape/contour estimations and models (however, especially
when intersections are considered, they can exhibit significant pose
variance). This paper presents an automatic vehicle monitoring
system that is capable of tracking vehicles across a surveillance
network consisting of four cameras.
SURVEY OF THE RELATED WORK
• Many researchers have proposed the use of cutting edge
technologies to serve the target of vehicle tracking.
• These technologies include: Communication, GPS, GIS,
Remote Control, server systems and others. The proposed
GPS/GSM based System has the two parts, first is a mobile
unit and another is controlling station.
• A vehicle tracking system is an electronic device, installed in
a vehicle to enable the owner or a third party to track the
The system has two main modules. The first module is the
tracking device which is attached to the moving automobile.
This module composes of:
A GPS receiver, Microcontroller and a GSM Modem. The
GPS Receiver retrieves the location information from satellites
in the form of latitude and longitude real-time readings.
• The modem receives the SMS that includes GPS coordinates
and engine parameters.
• If any interruption occurred in any side of the door, then the
IR sensor senses the signals and SMS sends to the
Vehicle detection and surveillance technologies may be
described as containing three components:
• Signal processing device, and
• Data processing device.
The transducer detects the passage or presence of a
vehicle or its axles. The signal-processing device
typically converts the transducer output into an electrical
signal. The data-processing device usually consists of
computer hardware and firmware that converts the
electrical signal into traffic parameters.
• In this paper, we have proposed a novel method of vehicle
tracking and locking systems used to track the theft
vehicle by using GPS and GSM technology. This system
puts into the sleeping mode vehicle handled by the owner
or authorized persons; otherwise goes to active mode The
system included a main components: a transmitting
embedded module to interface in-vehicle GPS and GSM
devices in order determine and send automobile location
and status information via SMS.