• An interview is a conversation between two
interviewer and interviewee where questions are
asked by the interview to obtain information
It is a procedure designed to obtain information individual
through responses to oral questions.
Interviews may be structured, with predetermined questions
and a specific format, or unstructured, allowing for more open-
ended discussions. The purpose of an interview can vary
greatly, ranging from obtaining factual information to
exploring personal experiences, assessing skills and
qualifications, or determining compatibility for a particular
role or purpose.
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Interviews play a crucial role in gathering information,
analyzing viewpoints, making decisions, and fostering
communication between individuals or organizations.
They are often seen as a means of gaining deeper
insights into a subject, establishing rapport, and
assessing the abilities and qualities of the interviewees.
5. NEED FOR INTERVIEW
Assessment of qualifications: Interviews provide an
opportunity for employers or selection committees to
assess the qualifications, skills, and experiences of
candidates for a position. It allows them to go beyond the
information provided on resumes or application forms
and gather more detailed and specific information.
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Evaluating communication skills: Interviews help
evaluate the communication skills of candidates. It
allows the interviewer to assess the candidate's ability to
express themselves clearly, articulate their thoughts, and
effectively convey information.
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Gathering additional information: Interviews enable the
interviewer to gather additional information that may not
be available through other means, such as a candidate's
thought process, problem-solving abilities, and attitudes
towards work and colleagues.
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Assessing cultural fit: Interviews help determine whether
a candidate is a good fit for the organizational culture.
Through interviews, employers can evaluate a
candidate's values, work ethic, and compatibility with the
existing team or workplace environment.
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Clarifying information: Interviews provide an opportunity
for both parties to clarify any uncertainties or
ambiguities. The interviewer can seek further elaboration
or examples from the candidate, and the candidate can
ask questions to gain a better understanding of the role
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Building rapport: Interviews allow for face-to-face
interaction, which helps build rapport and establish a
personal connection between the interviewer and the
candidate. This can be crucial in determining how well the
candidate may integrate into the team or organization.
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1. Assessing problem-solving abilities: Interviews often
include scenario-based or situational questions that
assess a candidate's problem-solving abilities. It allows
the interviewer to understand how the candidate
approaches challenges, thinks critically, and comes up
with creative solutions.