3. There are two kinds of
1. Cardio-respiratory endurance - required in
whole body activities, which increase the
demands on the heart and lungs. Example,
marathon running, football and hockey.
2.Muscular endurance - where a muscle or group
of muscles are required to work continuously.
Exaple, leg muscles in cycling.
4. A high level of Cardio-
Respiratory Endurance allows:
• You to work for a longer period of time before
• You to maintain a high work level with less effort.
• A quicker recovery after taking part in activity.
• Longer levels of concentration = fewer mistakes
5. How can Cardio-respiratory endurance
Decide what level of fitness is required
Find out your ‘training zone’
220 (The body’s max pulse/min) - your age.
6. Types or training:
• ‘continuous running’- gradually increasing
the distance or speed.
• ‘varied pace running’ - steady running
including some sprints.
• ‘interval running’ - running in a set time,
over a set distance, with recovery in
7. What if you do not have enough
energy to keep working?
If the work level is too demanding, and you
cannot supply the working muscles with
enough oxygen, then you are working
‘anaerobic’, (without oxygen). This is
known as ‘oxygen debt’.
Working anaerobic can allow lactic acid to
build up in the muscles, causing pain and
8. How do you improve muscular
You can use circuit training
Circuits can be based on:
Time - increasing the time spent at each
station, or decreasing the rest time.
Number - Using a programme based on the
maximum number of repetitions you can
perform at each station
9. Effects Of Training
• More effective lungs (Vital capacity)
• More oxygen reaches the working muscles
• Increase in the size of the heart, allowing
more blood to be pumped to the working
muscles (Stroke volume)