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2014-09-30 Openness in Education

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2014-09-30 Openness in Education

  1. 1. EDUC638/EME6613 Openness in Education September 30, 2014 Mathieu Plourdebit.ly/educ638-open14
  2. 2. Mathieu Plourde, MBA, Ed.D. Candidate bit.ly/mathplourde 2
  3. 3. BEFORE WE START… 3
  4. 4. What is open? •Let’s gather definitions of the word “open” •http://bit.ly/def-open14 4
  5. 5. What is free? •Let’s gather definitions of the word “free” •http://bit.ly/def-free14 5
  6. 6. HISTORY LESSON A little 6
  7. 7. Traditional software model Credit: somethingstartedcrazyand Rob on Flickr. 7
  8. 8. Open source software USERS DEVELOPERS 8
  9. 9. Open encyclopedia 9
  10. 10. Source: Apple Just Ended the Era of Paid Operating Systems (Wired) 10
  11. 11. Gratis Libre & (free of charge) (freedom of use) 11
  12. 12. Open education "...is the simple and powerful idea that the world’s knowledge is a public good and that technology in general and the Worldwide Web in particular provide an extraordinary opportunity for everyone to share, use, and reuse knowledge." —The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation 12
  13. 13. Open education 13
  14. 14. Evolution towards MOOCs Gerard L. Hanley, http://jolt.merlot.org/vol9no2/hanley_message_0613.htm
  15. 15. WHY OPEN MATTERS 15
  16. 16. Increase in textbook prices and college tuition (GAO) 16
  17. 17. Demand for degrees 17 McCoy, D., Schiller, S. R., Frank, E., & Schiller, S. (2011, April 4). Textbook Affordability: Emerging Solutions in Ohio. Webinar, . Retrieved from http://www.educause.edu/Resources/TextbookAffordabilityEmergingS/226560
  18. 18. Low-cost pathways 18
  19. 19. Typical textbook cycle 19
  20. 20. Adopting an open textbook •Andrea Everard, Associate Professor •Accounting & MIS •MISY427 Information Technology Applications in Management -Fall 2011 •Link to blog post and video testimonial
  21. 21. Costs associated with potential textbooks for MISY427
  22. 22. State of Washington The Open Course Library has saved students $5.5 million in textbook coststo date, including $2.9 million during the 2012-2013 academic year alone.”
  23. 23. Tidewater Community College “For students who pursue the new “textbook-free” degree, the total cost for required textbooks will be zero. Instead, the program will use high quality open textbooks and other open educational resources, known as OER, which are freely accessible, openly licensed materials useful for teaching, learning, assessment and research. It is estimated that a TCC student who completes the degree through the textbook-free initiative might save one-third on the cost of college.” http://www.tcc.edu/news/press/2013/TextbookFreeDegree.htm
  24. 24. Open textbooks in K12 •State of Utah pilot provides a printed copy for $5 per student. •Replaces a 7 year cycle. •Fresh content every year, students keep the book. •Open textbook calculator: •http://openedgroup.org/calculator/ David Wiley, http://www.slideshare.net/opencontent/the-5-texbook
  25. 25. OER Repositories/Referatories •http://sites.udel.edu/open/finding/
  27. 27. Copyright licensing •Open educational resources (OER) are powered by Creative Commons. The author sets the acceptable uses from the get-go. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/
  28. 28. BEWARE: OPENWASHING “What's getting lost here is the power of "free" to benefit not only institutions, but students as well.” -Anya Kamenetz
  29. 29. The OER spectrum Textbook Learning object
  30. 30. The OER spectrum Textbook Learning object Whole Traditional Fixed Peer-reviewed "Nugget" Innovative Evolving "Wisdom of the crowd"
  31. 31. What makes a resource open? •David Wiley's 4Rs: •Reuse: the right to reuse the content in its unaltered/verbatim form (e.g., make a backup copy of the content) •Revise: the right to adapt, adjust, modify, or alter the content itself (e.g., translate the content into another language) •Remix: the right to combine the original or revised content with other content to create something new (e.g., incorporate the content into a mashup) •Redistribute: the right to share copies of the original content, the revisions, or the remixes with others (e.g., give a copy of the content to a friend)
  32. 32. THE BIG BAD MOOC 32
  33. 33. Are you afraid MOOCs might take away your job? •Yes •No 33 Credit: Daniel Lobo on Flickr.com
  34. 34. What is a MOOC anyway? 34
  35. 35. 35 Casey Green at #digedcon, April 2013
  36. 36. 36
  37. 37. UD’s first MOOC 37 www.canvas.net/courses/phoneography-the-basics-of-cell-phone-photography
  38. 38. ConnectivistMOOCs 38
  39. 39. Explore a MOOC catalog 39 www.class-central.com
  40. 40. Found something interesting? •How would you incorporate a MOOC in your everyday life? •Personally (as a hobby) •Educationally (to support your coursework as a student) •Professionally (to support your lifelong learning as a professional) •For teaching (to support your students) 40
  41. 41. The value of MOOCs •San Jose State U. Puts MOOC Project on Hold •Prior learning assessment: •Western Governors University •SUNY REAL •Wrapping •Mozilla open badges 41
  42. 42. BARRIERS TO OPEN 42
  43. 43. Perception of quality •Outside resources: •“Not mine” •“Not peer-reviewed” •“Not someone I know” •Personal resources: •Copyright confusion •“Not perfect enough to share” 43
  44. 44. Startup cost and time •Finding •Vetting •Sequencing •Remixing •Filling up gaps •Assembling in a web format •Missing ancillaries and homework-as-a-service 44
  45. 45. CONCLUSION 45
  46. 46. Learning resources ecosystem 46
  47. 47. Curriculum design 1.Commercial textbook selection 2.Build from scratch 1.Learning objectives 2.Course outline 3.Explore OER 4.Identify gaps 5.Explore commercial options 6.Remix, repurpose 7.Build, share, improve 47
  48. 48. WE NEED YOU!
  49. 49. Mathieu Plourde, MBA, Ed.D. Candidate bit.ly/mathplourde Slides: bit.ly/educ638-open14 50 sites.udel.edu/open
  51. 51. Open access research http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L5rVH1KGBCY
  52. 52. Open educational practices •http://openteaching.ud- css.net/2013/03/openeducationwk-udsnf12/
  53. 53. Personal learning networks Attribution: Alec Couros(courosa) on Flickr.com