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Country Profiles<br />
Geography<br /> Natural Resources<br />natural gas, petroleum, peat, limestone, salt, sand and gravel, arable land<br />Environmental Issues<br />water pollution in the form of heavy metals, organic compounds, and nutrients such as nitrates and phosphates; air pollution from vehicles and refining activities; acid rain<br />
Population<br />Total 16,715,999<br />Growth rate 0.412%<br />Life expectancy 79.4 years<br />Ethnic groups <br />Dutch 80.7%, EU 5%, Indonesian 2.4%, Turkish 2.2%, Surinamese 2%, Moroccan 2%, Netherlands Antilles & Aruba 0.8%, other 4.8%<br />Literacy 99%<br />Infant mortality 4.73 deaths/1,000 live births<br />
Government<br />Capital: Amsterdam<br />Type: constitutional monarchy<br />
Economics<br />GDP $39,200<br />Population below poverty 10.5%<br />
MexicoNewly Industrialized<br />
Geography<br />Natural Resources<br />petroleum, silver, copper, gold, lead, zinc, natural gas, timber<br />Environmental Issues scarcity of hazardous waste disposal facilities; rural to urban migration; natural fresh water resources scarce and polluted in north, inaccessible and poor quality in center and extreme southeast; raw sewage and industrial effluents polluting rivers in urban areas; deforestation; widespread erosion; desertification; deteriorating agricultural lands; serious air and water pollution in the national capital and urban centers along US-Mexico border; land subsidence in Valley of Mexico caused by groundwater depletion<br />