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M. Chakchouk Keynote at the 3rd Arab Bloggers Meeting
Towards the Development of internet in Tunisia: highlights on the importance of acting according to a clear strategy that needs to be adopted in the future for the development of Internet and broadband in Tunisia.
M. Chakchouk Keynote at the 3rd Arab Bloggers Meeting
Republic of Tunisia Ministry of Industry and Technologies Tunisian Internet AgencyTowards the Development ofBroadband Internet in TunisiaNew Challenges, Opportunities and Perspectives
Broadband market actors need an evolution Consumers / End users Hexa. Tunet Orange Tunisie Gnet Tunisiana ATI/CNI Retail services Tunisie Telecom/Topnet ATI Wholesale Active infrastructure (Bandwidth) ONT Wholesale Passive infrastructure Market opening strategy needs a serious update, Wholesale market requires a particular attention, … 2 The 3rd Arab Bloggers Meeting, October 3 – 6, 2011
Key events: Nascent competition Before 1995: Telecom totally controlled by the Government/Administration. 1995: Creation of Tunisie Telecom as a government establishment. June 1996: Creation of ATI, the Tunisian Internet Agency. 1997: Internet market opening to competition: starting with 2 private ISPs and creation of public Internet communities (INBMI, CCK, IRESA, etc.). 2000: Authorization of 3 new ISPs. Internet ATI New regulatory framework: Internet as a value A government controlled company: Tunisie added telecommunication service. Telecom 27%, IRSIT 10%, ATCE 13%, etc. Mostly narrowband Internet Access (dialup A central Internet authority (one-stakeholder more than 99%). governance model/Regulator): Authorization Monopoly in terms of telecom infrastructure regime, Domain Name policy, etc. (local & international). Internet content control via caching systems, Partial competition in term of Internet service ISP for public institutions and government providing but tariffs fixed by the Minister. controlled companies. ISP: Internet Service Provider 3 The 3rd Arab Bloggers Meeting, October 3 – 6, 2011
Key events: Market liberalization 2001: New Telecommunication Act (law n°2001—1) and creation of a new Telecommunication Regulation Authority, INT – www.in%.tn. 2002: Mobile Market opening to competition (2G license): Tunisiana. 2004: Data market opening to competition: Divona Telecom. 2006: Starting of Tunisie Telecom privatization: Tecom-DIG controls 35%. 2008: Amendment of the Telecommunication Act (law n°2008-1). 2009: Fixed market opening to competition and new 3G mobile license: Orange Tunisie. 2010: Tunisie Telecom got a 3G mobile license and bought Topnet. 2011: Tunisiana controls 49% of Tunet, what else? National strategy for ICT development, Information Society, WSIS, IGF, …, bla bla bla Best practices regarding Internet development have been simply ignored. 4 The 3rd Arab Bloggers Meeting, October 3 – 6, 2011
So what about ATI? Oh Easy! “Just let it be Ammar404 and everything gonna be better”. Tunisie Telecom still owns 37% of the capital of ATI, As Tunisie Telecom is not 100% state owned and according to law n°1989—9, ATI could not be a government controlled company, ATI remains under the control of the government as an authority that controls the Internet: “No matter what, any Internet traffic must be routed by ATI equipments”, The Ben Ali regime subsidized the development of a sophisticated censorship system including DPI (Deep Packet Inspection) equipments, content categorization database with required expensive support and maintenance contracts, etc. Any initiative to restructure ATI and update the Internet regulatory framework have been ignored or simply blocked. 5 The 3rd Arab Bloggers Meeting, October 3 – 6, 2011
Internet before the revolution #Ammar404 Regulatory framework: completely obsolete for Internet. Governance: inadequate mono-stakeholder model centralized on ATI – “so what about transparency and Neutrality ?” Competition: weak and requires urgent actions especially regarding the wholesale market, Broadband infrastructure: Relatively good compared to our neighbors especially international connectivity, Services and contents: poor hosting capabilities, lack of innovation, severe control by the Ben Ali regime, etc. Freedom and openness: Inappropriate censorship, Privacy: In practice not guaranteed at least for Internet. 6 The 3rd Arab Bloggers Meeting, October 3 – 6, 2011
What about Internet after the revolution #Jan14 ? Kill Ammar404 and destroy ATI ? No ! Build a new Internet regulatory framework Yes ! Ignore best practices in term of Internet Governance ? No ! Stop censorship and encourage free Internet ? Yes ! Forget about a Tunisian IXP (Internet Exchange Points) ? No ! Promote e-content hosting and build new datacenters ? Yes ! Encourage tunisian cctld .tn and .? ﺗﻮﻧﺲ Yes ! Promote innovation and deploy more plateforms ? Yes ! Enhance quality of service ? Yes ! … 7 The 3rd Arab Bloggers Meeting, October 3 – 6, 2011
Internet traffic is increasing Maximum Internet traffic bandwidth (Sept 2010): Traffic increase by 35% in 1Q-11 compared 4Q-10. Traffic increase by 60% in Sept. 2011 compared to Sept. 2010. Local traffic is increasing but it is just 5% of the international one. 8 The 3rd Arab Bloggers Meeting, October 3 – 6, 2011
Ammar404 for an increasing Internet traffic ATI with the financial support of the government maintained Internet filtering systems. 2009 – 2011: support + Smartfilter licence, 0,450 million TND/year. 3,6 million TND )&$ %($ %#$ 1,6 million TND 2,5 million 1 million TND%&$ (*) TND is required #$ %$ to implement !"#$% &$ global filtering. !#$ 1,3 million TND (*) !&$ !&$ #$ %"#$ !"#$ &$ &&($ &&*$ &&+$ &!&$ &!!$,*$-.$(*) Support and smartfilter licence included. /012341$56$78912819$923:;$<38=>?=9@$ 9 The 3rd Arab Bloggers Meeting, October 3 – 6, 2011
New challenges & opportunities Change ATI towards a neutral and transparent IXP, Transform the filtering equipments or offer a web filtering SAAS platform (managed by the end user), Foster new partnerships with Tunisian innovative SMEs as well as multinational content providers: Video sharing platforms, streaming (WebTV/WebRadio), high value added services and applications, etc. Develop the 1st Tunisian open source mirrors: Already in see mirror.ati.tn: Debian, Fedora, Ubuntu, Mozilla, etc. Coming soon: Sourceforge, Tor, etc. Push further the debate regarding Internet governance, freedom, privacy and security. … “There is no TABOO subjects anymore for the new ATI” 10 The 3rd Arab Bloggers Meeting, October 3 – 6, 2011
follow us @ati_tn Thanks …Moez Chakchouk, Chairman and CEO firstname.lastname@example.org − twi%er.com/mchakchouk