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Humanities Research with the Web of Data

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Presentation at the Open University Digital Humanities Colloquium - 08/07/2011 #dighumOU

Publié dans : Technologie, Formation
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Humanities Research with the Web of Data

  1. 1. Humanities Research with the Web of Data<br />Mathieu d’Aquin - @mdaquin<br />Knowledge Media Institute, the Open University<br />
  2. 2. Data…<br />… are at the center of research, especially when collaboration is involved.<br />… traditionally involve heavy, IT-centric, monolithic processes and mechanisms <br />http://www.flickr.com/photos/eiriks/3359730744/<br />
  3. 3. Challenges<br />How do we expose these data in such way that they make all the potential uses of it feasible?<br />How do we expose these data so that they can connect to other collections, open information resources, etc?<br />How do we benefit from other information resources to enrich these data, derive new research questions, connect them to aspects not originally thought about?<br />http://www.flickr.com/photos/albinoflea/414906977/<br />
  4. 4. Linked Data (tada!)<br />http://lucero-project.info/lb/what-is-linked-data/<br />As set of principles and technologies for a Web of Data<br />Putting the “raw” data online in a standard representation (RDF)<br />Make the data Web addressable (URIs)<br />Link to other Data <br />http://linkeddata.org<br />
  5. 5. data.open.ac.uk<br />
  6. 6. Examples<br />http://data.open.ac.uk/openlearn/aa100_1 <br />relatesToCourse<br />http://data.open.ac.uk/course/aa100<br />hasCourseware<br />http://data.open.ac.uk/library/432284<br />http://data.open.ac.uk/course/aa100<br />isAvailableIn<br />http://sws.geonames.org/2411586/ (Gibraltar)<br /> Addressable and linkable data objects on the Web<br />http://www.flickr.com/photos/fynes/155086399/<br />
  7. 7. http://data.open.ac.uk/applications<br />
  8. 8. Linked data…and humanities<br />Still early stage, but<br />Can there be a Web of Data for humanities?<br />What are the implications? How can be we benefit? <br />Is this going to happen naturally, or should we make a particular effort<br />http://www.flickr.com/photos/janrito/4443369049/<br />
  9. 9. Example: Reading Experience Database<br />http://www.open.ac.uk/Arts/reading/<br />website<br />Database <br />Data collection<br />Open University researchers<br />Rest of the world<br />
  10. 10. Event<br />Location<br />locatedIn<br />subClassOf<br />subClassOf<br />Experience<br />City<br />Country<br />date: Date<br />readerInvolved<br />originCountry<br />textInvolved<br />occupation<br />givesBackgroundTo<br />Person<br />religion<br />gender<br />creator/editor<br />LinkedEvent Ontology<br />Document<br />CITO Citation Ontology<br />Dublin Core<br />title: String<br />description: String<br />published: Date<br />providesExcerptFor<br />FOAF<br />DBPedia<br />http://lucero-project.info/lb/2011/03/connecting-the-reading-experience-database-to-the-web-of-data/<br />
  11. 11. Examples<br />http://www.flickr.com/photos/24801682@N08/5048079859/<br />http://data.open.ac.uk/red/person/austen-jane<br />Jane Austen<br />http://data.open.ac.uk/red/experience/10357<br />Experience: Jane Austen reading “History of Great Britain”<br />http://data.open.ac.uk/red/document/1848957479<br />“History of Great Britain”<br />http://data.open.ac.uk/red/document/1357827945-59<br />“Jane Austen’s letters” (where her reading of “History of Great Britain” is described)<br />http://data.open.ac.uk/red/person/austen-jane<br />sameAs<br />http://dbpedia.org/resource/Jane_Austen<br />These Web addresses refer to “data objects” connected through Web links<br />
  12. 12. Browsing Linked Data<br />
  13. 13. http://lucero-project.info/lb/2011/06/what-to-ask-linked-data/<br />
  14. 14. External links<br />
  15. 15. http://linksailor.com<br />
  16. 16.
  17. 17. Conclusion<br />The benefits of exposing your research data as linked data is undeniable: allow for reuse and linking!<br />Still, requires efforts<br />The potential of linking to other data is very promising<br />Connect things that don’t need to aggregated any more. They are in the same data space: the Web…<br />With which come all the issues around provenance, quality, trust, etc.<br />This represents a serious conceptual shift in the way we manage and use academic/research/educational data<br />http://www.flickr.com/photos/markchapmanphoto/5139429152/<br />
  18. 18. Think about…<br />data.open.ac.uk<br />data.gov.uk<br />data.ordnancesurvey.co.uk<br />data.archiveshub.ac.uk<br />www.bl.uk/bibliographic/datafree.html<br />data.bnf.fr<br />semanticweb.cs.vu.nl/lod/am/<br />…<br />
  19. 19. Thank You!<br />More at:<br />http://lucero-project.info<br />@mdaquin<br />