Humanities Research with the Web of Data

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Presentation at the Open University Digital Humanities Colloquium - 08/07/2011 #dighumOU

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Humanities Research with the Web of Data

  1. 1. Humanities Research with the Web of Data<br />Mathieu d’Aquin - @mdaquin<br />Knowledge Media Institute, the Open University<br />
  2. 2. Data…<br />… are at the center of research, especially when collaboration is involved.<br />… traditionally involve heavy, IT-centric, monolithic processes and mechanisms <br /><br />
  3. 3. Challenges<br />How do we expose these data in such way that they make all the potential uses of it feasible?<br />How do we expose these data so that they can connect to other collections, open information resources, etc?<br />How do we benefit from other information resources to enrich these data, derive new research questions, connect them to aspects not originally thought about?<br /><br />
  4. 4. Linked Data (tada!)<br /><br />As set of principles and technologies for a Web of Data<br />Putting the “raw” data online in a standard representation (RDF)<br />Make the data Web addressable (URIs)<br />Link to other Data <br /><br />
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  6. 6. Examples<br /> <br />relatesToCourse<br /><br />hasCourseware<br /><br /><br />isAvailableIn<br /> (Gibraltar)<br /> Addressable and linkable data objects on the Web<br /><br />
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  8. 8. Linked data…and humanities<br />Still early stage, but<br />Can there be a Web of Data for humanities?<br />What are the implications? How can be we benefit? <br />Is this going to happen naturally, or should we make a particular effort<br /><br />
  9. 9. Example: Reading Experience Database<br /><br />website<br />Database <br />Data collection<br />Open University researchers<br />Rest of the world<br />
  10. 10. Event<br />Location<br />locatedIn<br />subClassOf<br />subClassOf<br />Experience<br />City<br />Country<br />date: Date<br />readerInvolved<br />originCountry<br />textInvolved<br />occupation<br />givesBackgroundTo<br />Person<br />religion<br />gender<br />creator/editor<br />LinkedEvent Ontology<br />Document<br />CITO Citation Ontology<br />Dublin Core<br />title: String<br />description: String<br />published: Date<br />providesExcerptFor<br />FOAF<br />DBPedia<br /><br />
  11. 11. Examples<br /><br /><br />Jane Austen<br /><br />Experience: Jane Austen reading “History of Great Britain”<br /><br />“History of Great Britain”<br /><br />“Jane Austen’s letters” (where her reading of “History of Great Britain” is described)<br /><br />sameAs<br /><br />These Web addresses refer to “data objects” connected through Web links<br />
  12. 12. Browsing Linked Data<br />
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  14. 14. External links<br />
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  17. 17. Conclusion<br />The benefits of exposing your research data as linked data is undeniable: allow for reuse and linking!<br />Still, requires efforts<br />The potential of linking to other data is very promising<br />Connect things that don’t need to aggregated any more. They are in the same data space: the Web…<br />With which come all the issues around provenance, quality, trust, etc.<br />This represents a serious conceptual shift in the way we manage and use academic/research/educational data<br /><br />
  18. 18. Think about…<br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />…<br />
  19. 19. Thank You!<br />More at:<br /><br />@mdaquin<br />