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Needle stick

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Power Points for EMS Education

Publié dans : Santé, Santé & Médecine
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Needle stick

  1. 1. Needle Stick The 100% Preventable Injury By Kent Winterbottom ACP
  2. 2. Needle Stick Injuries • 7 reported needle stick injuries in 2011 • 12 reported needle stick injuries in 2010 • Over 65% of needle-sticks involve registered nurses or nurse supervisors. About 4% involve Paramedics or Ambulance Attendants. • Number are est. based on reported injuries to WCB
  3. 3. Do’s • Immunization for Hepatitis A/B • Use needless system and adjuncts if available • Use appropriate PPE when dealing with sharps • Always check ambulance before and after call • Always check equipment when exchanging with other services. i.e. stretchers, backboards • Immediately place used sharps in disposal container. • Follow your policy and SOP for safe use of sharps container and disposal of your sharps disposal container.
  4. 4. Don’t • Throw sharps into the trash or on the floor • Leave sharps on stretcher • Stick needle into stretcher or seat pad • Bend, Break, or Recap used needles • Allow unsafe sharp practice to continue
  5. 5. Needle Stick What do I do? • Immediately clean with antiseptic soap and water (Hand Sanitizers) • Seek medical attention i.e. nursing station • Notify supervisor (policy GE-1) • Complete WCB form (SOP administration 0003) • Complete occurrence report (policy GE-23) • See policy and SOP’s for complete details
  6. 6. Question: How long does the HIV/AIDS virus survive in the blood outside the body? • very short life on an inanimate surface • If the blood is dry, the virus usually will be dead. • If it is wet, a chance exists that it could still be active.
  7. 7. Question: How long can the hepatitis virus live outside the body? • A good rule of thumb is that wet material is infectious and dried material is much less infectious. • The virus can live outside the body and be infectious for certain periods of time. Hepatitis A Virus • HAV can survive outside the body for months. Hepatitis B Virus • HBV, can still be infectious for up to a week outside the body. Hepatitis C Virus • HCV, can live outside the body for up to 16 h - 4 days.
  8. 8. Conclusion • Always use appropriate PPE when handling and/or disposing of sharps • With safe sharps practice the risk of needle stick injuries can be completely eliminated