Ce diaporama a bien été signalé.
Le téléchargement de votre SlideShare est en cours. ×

1.2 Doing Philosophy

Prochain SlideShare
Methods of philosophizing
Methods of philosophizing
Chargement dans…3

Consultez-les par la suite

1 sur 35 Publicité

Plus De Contenu Connexe

Diaporamas pour vous (20)

Similaire à 1.2 Doing Philosophy (20)


Plus récents (20)


1.2 Doing Philosophy

  2. 2. CONTENT: DOING PHILOSOPHY CONTENT STANDARD: The learner understands the meaning and process of doing philosophy Performance Standards: The learner reflects on a concrete experience in a philosophical way Learning Competencies/ Objectives: The learners do a philosophical reflection on a concrete situation from a holistic perspective.
  3. 3. THINK PAIR SHARE – Discuss with your partner the following: 1. Do you reflect? How many times you do reflecting? 2. What did you get from reflection?
  4. 4. Group Activity: 1.Try to recall you everyday activities. 2.Were those activities emanated from deliberate reflection? 3.Were you happy with the consequence of what you did during the whole day? 4.How did it add to your personality as human being?
  5. 5. BIG GROUP SHARING CRITERIA INDICATORS POINTS COLLABORATIO N The members in the group has shown collaboration among his/her groupmates. 5 CONTENT The content of report is clear and concise 5 PRESENTATION The presentation engaged their classmates to listen well 5 TIMELINESS The time is observed according to its restriction 5
  6. 6. To philosophize is to wonder about life About love and loneliness Birth and death About Truth, Beauty and Freedom To philosophize is to explore Life By asking painful Questions
  7. 7. What Does it Mean to Philosophize? We shall not begin with a definition of Philosophy. Philosophy is easier to do than to define.
  8. 8. -Associated with thinking -Insight is the crucial element in thinking. INSIGHT
  9. 9. Insight is seeing with the mind. E.g. Insight into a joke
  10. 10. Two things to be considered regarding insights a. the insight itself b. what do I do with insight
  11. 11. I can analyze the insight., but if I am merely enjoying the joke, analysis can kill my enjoyment, but if I am to the joke to others, analysis can deepen and clarify the original insight and help in the effective delivery.
  12. 12. Another example: death of a grandfather at 110 years old. I listen to the story of my grandfather in his youth, think of myself as full of high spirits, dashing, popular, but high spirits are not inexhaustible. Insight: Generations of men start life full of vigor, then wither away and die after they have given life to their own sons.
  13. 13. Homer made a metaphor of this insight: “ As the generations of leaves, so the generations of men”.
  14. 14. Metaphor sharpens the insight and fixes it in the mind. Also, one portion of reality casts light on another: by contemplating the fall and return of leaves, we understand also the rhythm of the generations of men.
  15. 15. Another example: number 4 can be analyzed into 2+2=4 or 1+1+1+1=4. How did we gain an insight into “4”? By counting, e.g. cars, abstracting the common and prescinding from the individual characteristics car.
  16. 16. Abstraction is one of the tools for analysis of insights. An abstract thought is a concept. An analysis by abstraction is a conceptual analysis.
  17. 17. My insight into the generations of men can be analyzed conceptually, but note that conceptual analysis can desiccate an insight: the throbbing, tumultuous generations of men become an abstract fund of energy and high spirits. It is then necessary to return to the original insight.
  18. 18. Summary  Insight is seeing with the mind: only you can do it. I cannot see it for you but I can help you see it.  There are many ways of doing with insight. Some insights are so deep they cannot be exhausted.  It takes insight to do something with insight, like the metaphor of Homer.  Insight brings us to the very heart of reality, and reality is so deep and unfathomable.
  19. 19. Why do we Philosophize? Philosophy is an activity rooted on lived experience. Experience is the life of the self: dynamic inter-relation of self and the others, be it things, human being, the environment, the world grasped not objectively but from within. Self is the “I” conscious of itself, present to itself. Presence to itself entails also presence to other, the not “I”.
  20. 20. This relatedness of the self to the other is characterized by tension, disequilibrium, disharmony, incoherence. Tension calls for Inquiry, Questioning, Search.
  21. 21. Beginning of Philosophizing Wonder: For Plato, the poet and the Philosopher are alike in that both begin from wonder. Doubt can also impel man to ask Philosophical Questions. Descartes’ Philosophy started from doubting the existence of everything. Adolescents also doubt their identity.
  22. 22. Limit Situations are inescapable realities which cannot be change but only acknowledged e.g. failure, death of a beloved. We may not be able to control them but we can control our response to them through reflection. They provide opportunities and challenges for us to make life meaningful. (existentialists)
  23. 23. Metaphysical Uneasiness is to be unsure of one’s center ( Gabriel Marcel) equivalent to Soren Keirkegaard’s “Angst”. Metaphysical Uneasiness is contrasted with Curiosity. To be curious is to start from a fixed external objects ( outside of me) which I have a vague idea of. Metaphysical Uneasiness is beyond the physical (external ) but more of internal. Curiosity tends to become metaphysical uneasiness as the object becomes part of me.
  24. 24. Philosophizing here begins from the inner restlessness which is linked to the drive of fullness. Philosophical Questions ultimately can be reduced to question of “WHO AM I?”
  25. 25. Philosophical Inquiry is inquiry into the Coherence, Sense of human life as totality, as a whole, Comprehensive reality and ultimate (final) value. E.g. I have a terminal case of stomach cancer; I am given only three months to live, so I ask “ What is the meaning of my Life?”
  26. 26. “Sens de la Vie”: “Sens” can mean the direction of a river, the texture of a cloth, the opening of a door, the meaning of a word. Likewise, my life can have a direction, texture, opening (possibilities), meaning.
  27. 27. Reflect: Who AM I?
  28. 28. PHILOSOPHY: TRANSCENDING AND AIMING FOR A LIFE OF ABUNDANCE “Abundare” Latin word of “to over flow nonstop,” a.Abundance is not what we gather but what we scatter - Often abundance is equated with materialism, but it is when we raise our empty hands and surrender, when we do not grab, when we are unattached to anything or anyone, when we offer oneself-all these are abundance. Only if we have empty hands can we receive full of blessings.
  29. 29. b.Abundance is not what we keep but what we give away To live an abundant life, one must pursue one’s desires and inner self. One must go after what fulfills, before making more money. It is truly paradoxical because to be able to have, we must first let go. To be able to have, - we must first let go. To be able to acquire, we must first control ourselves.
  30. 30. To be abundant, we must learn to control our appetites and desires, for they have impact on other people. Harsh words, pollution, and eating unhealthy foods are some examples where our choices influence or affect not only ourselves but others as well. In other words, there is karma in our thoughts, words and actions.
  31. 31. c. Abundance is not what we hold but what we share Money counts in our globalized society. Money should not matter much, for every moment is a blessing, even if one does not have money. Abundance comes to the one who has money and heart, money and values, money and relationships, money and deeper happiness. Abundance is more than our ambitions; there are more precious things such as people that matter. (Aguilar, 2010)
  32. 32. d. Abundance is a choice Abundance is more of an effort of the heart than mind alone. To achieve, one must commit. Only the heart can commit. Abundance, therefore is a choice which translates to commitment, determination, and perseverance. (Aguilar 2010) The Secret by Rhonda Byrne offers a similar idea, which claims that we have our dreams, and regardless or who we are, the universe will answer our wishes. According to “The Secret”, our dreams come true because we attract them. We achieve our dreams if we cooperate with the Power of Dreams Himself of God. God will grant our wishes in his due time.
  33. 33. e. Abundance is to evolve into a higher being It becomes clear that the concept of abundance covers both external and internal life. We cannot truly live without material considerations, but externals are not all there are; values, for instance matter. Thus, to live in abundance means evolving to a higher being in following one’s mission; a deliberate or conscious desire to act upon what can make us and others happy. As we are bombarded by negative people and moods, it becomes our choice to adopt an abundant disposition.
  34. 34. Tracking and Analyzing Your Purpose Happiest Times (List the activities, people, locations, and conditions in your life you were most happy.) What did you learn about your purpose? 1 2 3 Happiest Times (List the activities, people, locations, and conditions in your life when you felt dissatisfied.) What did you learn about your purpose? 1 2 3
  35. 35. Reflection: 1. As a student, how can you live a life of abundance? Give examples.

Notes de l'éditeur

  • www.wilderdom.com
  • Learners will share their answer to the class.
    Explain: Human beings are endowed with the capacity to reflect, unlike animals.
  • Insight is the ability to understand people and situations in a very clear way.
    Point: it is crucial because we tend to see what is only superficial or the partial perspective of the whole concept.
  • Insight is the ability to understand people and situations in a very clear way.
  • Relevance in one’s life
  • This is just an exampld
    Point in this example: if you will analyze immediately the joke you would loose the essence why joke is being said.
    Yet when delivering a joke you tend to analyze if the joke will be delivered effectively (human activity that is emanated from deliberate action.
  • Inexhaustible - tireless
  • Metaphor –an object, activity or idea that is used as a symbol of something else. It is a word of phrase for one thing that is used to refer to another thing in order to show or suggest that they are similar.
    Homer – the legendary author of the Illiad and the Odyssey, tow epic poems that are the central works of ancient Greek Literature.
  • Abstraction – the act of obtaining or removing something from a source:
    Prescinding – to withdraw one’s attention; to detach for purposes of thought
  • Abstraction – the act of obtaining or removing something from a source:
  • Conceptual – in relating to conceive in the mind, an idea of what something is or how it works.
    Desiccate – dry up, dehydrate, to drain of emotional or intellectual vitality.
    Conceptual – based on or relating to ideas or concepts.
    Tumultuous – involving a lot of violence; confusion; or disorder; loud, excited and emotional
    Throb – to beat with strong , steady rhytm
  • Metaphysics – part of philosophy that is concerned with the basic causes and nature of things.
    Angst – a strong feeling of being worried or nervous; a feeling of anxiety about your