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Reading and publishing in digital age

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Dr. B Ekbal, (Former Vice-Chancellor, University of Kerala).

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Reading and publishing in digital age

  1. 1. Theme Discussion Reading, Writing, Publishing and Information Dissemination in the Digital Age BD06496_ Infoba Dr. B. Ekbal
  2. 2. Johannes Gutenberg (1398 – 1468) BD06496_
  3. 3. Digital Revolution <ul><li>Computer Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Communication Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Information Technology </li></ul><ul><li>ICT, ICET </li></ul>BD06496_
  4. 4. BD06496_ Multimedia Computer Network Internet World Wide Web COMP New CorelDRAW 6 bernerslee Digital Revolution
  5. 5. <ul><li>Educational Tool </li></ul><ul><li>Information Retrieval </li></ul><ul><li>Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Research </li></ul><ul><li>Electronic Publishing </li></ul><ul><li>Administration </li></ul>BD06496_ Digital Age and Academics
  6. 6. Digital Age Reading <ul><li>തിരവായന തിരമൊഴി </li></ul><ul><li>Closed - Open Ended </li></ul><ul><li>Hierarchical Culture - Network Culture </li></ul><ul><li>Linear to Horizontal Reading </li></ul><ul><li>Static-Dynamic </li></ul>BD06496_
  7. 7. Learning is a social process, which needs to take place in an environment where learners can share resources, communicate with each other and their tutors and provide mutual support BD06496_
  8. 8. Internet is the technology that brings people separated by space and time together and gives them access to learning resources from around the world BD06496_
  9. 9. Students not passive recipient of knowledge but active participant in the process of learning j0197665 BD06496_
  10. 10. BD06496_ j0280741 Teaching and Learning <ul><li>Audio Visual Aids </li></ul><ul><li>Computer Assisted Learning (CAL) </li></ul><ul><li>New Teaching and Learning Methods </li></ul>
  11. 11. BD06496_ j0280741 ICT as Educational Tool <ul><li>Computer Assisted Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Interactive Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Computer Simulations </li></ul><ul><li>Virtual Reality </li></ul><ul><li>Virtual Class Rooms </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Instruction Centered: Class Room Model </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Group Learning </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Individualised Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Need Based Self Directed Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Learner- Centred - Network Model </li></ul>j0292132 BD06496_ Edutainment Teaching- Learning: Paradigm Shift
  13. 13. Digital Libraries <ul><li>Books and Journals </li></ul><ul><li>Microfilms </li></ul><ul><li>CD ROMs </li></ul><ul><li>Magnetic Tapes </li></ul><ul><li>Holograms </li></ul><ul><li>Video Discs </li></ul><ul><li>Communication Networks </li></ul>Informaticians BD06496_
  14. 14. BD06496_ j0178381 Education at a Distance <ul><li>On Line Courses </li></ul><ul><li>Teleconferencing </li></ul><ul><li>Workplace Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Virtual University </li></ul><ul><li>Any time anywhere learning </li></ul>
  15. 15. Higher Education: New Concepts <ul><li>Life long Learning : Perpetual Learning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Need Based -Self Directed </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Life long Employability </li></ul><ul><li>Limited Education </li></ul><ul><li>Expanded Education : Border less Education </li></ul>BD06496_
  16. 16. BD06496_ ICT and Education: Conceptual Issues <ul><li> Dehumanisation </li></ul><ul><li> Lack of shared Human Space </li></ul><ul><li> De contextualisation of Information </li></ul><ul><li> Lack practical Wisdom and Expertise </li></ul><ul><li> Lead to Social Isolation, Loneliness and Depression </li></ul>
  17. 17. BD06496_ “ We have the technology today to enable virtually anyone who is not severely handicapped to learn anything at a ‘grade A’ level anywhere any time.” Lewis J Peretlman, Schools Out , 1993
  18. 18. Academics Role <ul><li>Teaching </li></ul><ul><li>Research </li></ul><ul><li>Consultancy </li></ul><ul><li>Extension works </li></ul><ul><li>Development of Instructional Resources </li></ul><ul><li>Management of Institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Role in Universities Bodies </li></ul>j0198118 BD06496_
  19. 19. Sage on the Stage Guide on the Side j0198302 bd19970_ Teachers’ Role Re-defined BD06496_
  20. 20. Role of Teachers in Digital Age Data Information Knowledge Wisdom BD06496_
  21. 21. C:UsersDr. B EkbalDesktopPubMed.png http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/
  22. 22. Net and Public Health The Positive Loop Positive loos
  23. 23. Information Access <ul><li>Doubtful Authenticity </li></ul><ul><li>Weak search mechanisms </li></ul><ul><li>Slow downloading </li></ul><ul><li>Copy right limitations </li></ul><ul><li>Cost </li></ul>BD06496_
  24. 24. “Nowadays we are drowning in information but starving in knowledge” Text Images Sound Software JUNK Internet resources BD06496_
  25. 25. C:UsersDr. B EkbalDesktopgoogle.png Lawrence &quot;Larry&quot; Page Sergey Mikhaylovich Brin
  26. 26. C:UsersDr. B EkbalDesktopGoogle Scholar.png scholar.google.com
  27. 27. C:UsersDr. B EkbalDesktopYippy.png http://search.yippy.com/
  28. 28. C:UsersDr. B EkbalDesktopMetaCrawler.png http://www.metacrawler.com/
  29. 29. Barriers to information Access BD06496_ <ul><li>Price barrier </li></ul><ul><ul><li>subscriptions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Permission barrier </li></ul><ul><ul><li> copyright and licensing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Language barrier </li></ul>
  30. 30. Stallman1 BD06496_ Free Software Movement
  31. 31. Free Software <ul><li>Priced !!!! </li></ul><ul><li>Can copy and distribute </li></ul><ul><li>Can modify </li></ul><ul><li>Can sell modified version </li></ul>General Public License Copy Left BD06496_
  32. 32. Free Software Free Software Freedom Cooperation BD06496_
  33. 33. Lawrence Lessing Lawrence Lessig Creative Commons BD06496_
  34. 34. Creative Commons
  35. 35. Creative Commons Licenses <ul><li>Let others copy, display, distribute and perform copyrighted works </li></ul><ul><li>Attribution </li></ul><ul><li>Share Alike </li></ul><ul><li>Non Commercial Purposes </li></ul><ul><li>Non Derivative Works </li></ul>
  36. 36. Repercussions Of The Philosophy <ul><li>Freely downloadable Textbooks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Journals, Course Material </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Open Access Initiative </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Public Library of Science </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Indian OA initiative </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Wikipedia </li></ul><ul><li>Open Biology </li></ul><ul><li>Open Source Drug Design </li></ul>OPENING UP OF KNOWLEDGE BD06496_
  37. 37. Traditional Subscription based Publishing Open Access Publishing Academic Research articles made freely available Barrier free access to information to a global community through internet Open access publishing BD06496_
  38. 38. Today’s Print derived model
  39. 39. Open Access Model
  40. 40. Public Library of Science BD06496_
  41. 41. C:UsersDr. B EkbalDesktopDOAJ.png http://www.doaj.org/
  42. 42. Freedom for Knowledge Dissemination
  43. 43. Wikipedia Cooperative Encyclopedia BD06496_ Larry Sanger Jimmy Wales
  44. 44. Social Networks BD06496_
  45. 45. David Crystal <ul><li>Language Death </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strong presence in Education System </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ensuring Language Literacy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Access to Electronic Technology </li></ul></ul>An endangered language will progress if its speakers can make use of electronic technology BD06496_ David+Crystal
  46. 46. Language Technologies <ul><li>Writing </li></ul><ul><li>Printing and Typewriting </li></ul><ul><li>Digital Technologies </li></ul>BD06496_ Language Technology Development
  47. 47. Web Pages BD06496_
  48. 48. C:UsersDr. B EkbalDesktopsmc.png C:UsersDr. B EkbalDesktopsmc page.png BD06496_
  49. 49. E Book Predictions <ul><li>PricewaterhouseCoopers </li></ul><ul><li>Arthur Anderson AAP </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2005: $ 2.5- 5.5 billion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>10%-20% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>0.1% </li></ul></ul>BD06496_
  50. 50. Riding the Bullet <ul><li>E-Book </li></ul><ul><li>$2.50 </li></ul><ul><li>400,000 in 24 hrs </li></ul><ul><li>600,000 in two weeks </li></ul>StephenKing Riding the bullet BD06496_
  51. 51. Digital Sceptics <ul><li>Qualities of print-on-paper </li></ul><ul><li>Aesthetically pleasing – work of art </li></ul><ul><li>Content and form </li></ul><ul><li>User friendly Eyes not strained </li></ul><ul><li>No batteries, does not break </li></ul><ul><li>A social object shared displayed </li></ul><ul><li>Token of identity </li></ul>BD06496_
  52. 52. Nicholas Carr “ The Shallows” <ul><li>Net Generation </li></ul><ul><li>Digital Immersion: Ecology of interruption technologies </li></ul><ul><li>Information overload </li></ul><ul><li>Deep reading </li></ul><ul><li>Impermanent Loss of artistic rigour and perfection </li></ul><ul><li>Cognitive Consequences </li></ul>BD06496_
  53. 53. Digital Advocates <ul><li>Reading devices not good enough </li></ul><ul><li>Publishers not giving away content </li></ul><ul><li>Prices not as low as expected </li></ul><ul><li>Digital Natives </li></ul><ul><li>Overestimate in short term </li></ul><ul><li>Underestimate in long term </li></ul><ul><li>Future is Digital Timescale different </li></ul>BD06496_
  54. 54. ebook limitations <ul><li>Less than optimal reading devices </li></ul><ul><li>Absence of standardised formats </li></ul><ul><li>Copy Right Rules </li></ul><ul><li>Pricing </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural </li></ul>BD06496_
  55. 55. ebook Readers Sony ebook BD06496_
  56. 56. ebook sales Digital Publishing BD06496_ International Digital Publishing Forum
  57. 57. Digital Books <ul><li>Ease of access </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No spatial or temporal constraints </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many users simultaneously </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Change typeface </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Updatability </li></ul><ul><li>Scale: Internet economy </li></ul><ul><li>Searchability </li></ul><ul><li>Multimedia: “Vooks” </li></ul><ul><li>Portability </li></ul>BD06496_
  58. 58. Hidden Revolution <ul><li>Operating System </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Electronic Point of Sale-EPOS </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Content Management and Digital Work Flow </li></ul><ul><li>Content Delivery </li></ul><ul><li>Sales and marketing </li></ul>BD06496_
  59. 59. Sales and Marketing <ul><li>Amazon model </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bricks and mortar bookstore </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intermediaries eliminated </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sales figures available </li></ul><ul><li>Digital sampling online shop window </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Amazon Search Inside-Google Book Search </li></ul></ul>BD06496_
  60. 60. New printing technologies <ul><li>Short Run Digital Printing </li></ul><ul><li>Print on Demand </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Produce small quantities of high priced books </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Print book sell book-Sell book print book </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Back listed books </li></ul></ul>BD06496_
  61. 61. Ironies of Digital Age <ul><li>It is one of the great ironies of the digital revolution that, so far from ushering in the death of the book, its main impact up till now has been to give the printed book a new lease of life allowing it to live well beyond the age at which it would have died in the pre-digital world and indeed rendering it potentially immortal. </li></ul>BD06496_
  62. 62. The eternal passion for books BD06496_
  63. 63. Digital Publishing <ul><li>Scientific and Scholarly Journals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Institutional </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Special deals: Elsevier’s Science Digest </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Article are short </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Academics work with computers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reference Publishing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Multivolume Encyclopedias, Dictionaries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Searchability Updatability Multimedia </li></ul></ul>BD06496_
  64. 64. Publishing Fields Online Dissemination <ul><li>Journal </li></ul><ul><li>Reference </li></ul><ul><li>Scholarly </li></ul><ul><li>Educational </li></ul><ul><li>Commercial </li></ul>BD06496_ More amenable Less amenable
  65. 65. BD06496_
  66. 66. <ul><li>Reductionism </li></ul><ul><li>Synergy </li></ul><ul><li>Integration and Assimilation </li></ul>BD06496_ Reading, Writing, Publishing and Information Dissemination in the Digital Age
  67. 67. <ul><li>Human Thirst for Knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Demand for Entertainment and Diversion </li></ul><ul><li>Providing Online Goods and Services </li></ul>BD06496_ ? Pull Oriented ?Push Oriented Future of IT
  68. 68. THANK YOU BD06496_