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Environmental Issues in Singapore

An assignment for a class on Environmental Management and Assessment, we are supposed to make a presentation on one particular environmental issue in a country of our choice.

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Environmental Issues in Singapore

  1. 1. Is there air pollution in Singapore? A presentation by November Tan Peng Ting
  2. 2. Oil Refineries <ul><li>Why is it significant? </li></ul><ul><li>3 Oil Refineries in Singapore </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ExxonMobil Jurong Island Refinery (ExxonMobil), 605,000 barrels per day </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SRC Jurong Island Refinery (Singapore Refining Corporation), 285,000 bpd </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shell Pulau Bukom Refinery (Royal Dutch Shell), 458,000 bpd </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Shell’s refinery on Pulau Bukom is Shell’s largest refinery in the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Total carbon emission of 577.6 million metric tons carbon per year just from oil refineries alone </li></ul><ul><li>Singapore is a regional refining and petrochemical hub as well as a key industry and key export product </li></ul><ul><li>Sulphur Dioxide emission increasing from 130% from 2005 to 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>However, also not only industrial emission source </li></ul>
  3. 3. Local Effect <ul><li>Environmental </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Localized Smog during Southwest Monsoon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fugitive VOC emission from gas pipes may lead to soil pollution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emitted odour from refinery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SO2 acid rain </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Social </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Environmental health impact within 50km radius </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Occupational and fire hazard risk </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Economic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Air quality is important factor in attracting FDI </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintenance cost from acid rain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduced national labour productivity </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Regional Effect <ul><li>Environmental </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Transboundary smog / haze during non-Southwest Monsoon periods </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Social </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Health risk for neighboring countries </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Economic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strained political relations affecting economic ties </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Global Effect <ul><li>Environmental </li></ul><ul><ul><li>GHG and Climate Change </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sea level rise </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Social </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Social risk and cost from climate change and sea level rise (e.g. lost of property) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Economic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Economic loss from extreme weather conditions and sea level rise </li></ul></ul>