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Italia Reggia di Caserta2 The English garden

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The Royal Palace of Caserta (Reggia di Caserta) is a former royal residence in Caserta, southern Italy, constructed for the Bourbon kings of Naples. It is one of the largest palaces erected in Europe during the 18th century. In 1997, the palace was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site; The Royal Park, designed by Luigi Vanvitelli and finished by his son Carlo, was inspired by models of the grand European residences of the era. To the right of the fountain of Diana and Actaeon lies the English Garden which covers an area of 24 hectares. Created at the instigation of Queen Maria Carolina of Austria, it is considered to be the first landscape garden in Italy. It became the Royal Botanical Garden of Caserta during the nineteenth century, and is home to exceptional examples of cinnamomum camphora, taxus baccata, cedrus libani and what is said to have been the first Camellia plant to arrive in Italy

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Italia Reggia di Caserta2 The English garden

  1. 1. The Royal Palace of Caserta (Reggia di Caserta) is a former royal residence constructed for the Bourbon kings of Naples
  2. 2. The English Garden has a different design to the rest of the grounds. It was built in the 1780s, fuelled by the desires of Ferdinand’s wife Maria Carolina (who invested his personal fortune in this building).  Maria Carolina, the sister of Marie Antoinette, queen of France, wanted to have a romantic English garden, which followed a less formal style and featured grottos, groves, fake ruins and lots of flowers It seems that in reality it was lord Hamilton, "extraordinary envoy of her Britannic majesty" to the Neapolitan court, to suggest the realisation of the garden, to the queen. He appealed to the rivalry with the queen's sister, Maria Antoinette queen of France, who had demanded a garden at the Petit Trianon of Versailles. The queen called the botanist Andrew Graefer, from England, who was one of the most famous gardeners of the kingdom
  3. 3. The garden is charac-terized by the apparent disorder “natural” plants (many rare species and, in any case, non- native), streams, ponds, “ruins” in the fashion nascent derived from recent excavations at Pompeii.
  4. 4. Dasylirion longissimum (Mexican grass tree)
  5. 5. Dasylirion longissimum (Mexican grass tree)
  6. 6. Created at the instigation of Queen Maria Carolina, it is considered to be the first landscape garden in Italy
  7. 7. The first variety of camellia to arrive in Europe was the Japonica Alba Plena. These plants were introduced into Great Britain in around 1730, arriving in Italy later, towards the end of the 1700s. The Royal Palace of Caserta was the first location to feature the plant, in its English-style garden
  8. 8. Camellia
  9. 9. Monterey cypress (Cupressus macrocarpa)
  10. 10. The Sago Palm (Cycas Revoluta) 
  11. 11. Taxus baccata
  12. 12. Lebanon cedar (Cedrus libani)
  13. 13. Lebanon cedar (Cedrus libani)
  14. 14. Bunya pine (Araucaria bidwillii)
  15. 15. The English Garden covers an area of 24 hectares. It became the Royal Botanical Garden of Caserta during the nineteenth century, and is home to exceptional examples of cinnamomum camphora, taxus baccata or cedrus libani 
  16. 16. Liriodendron tulipifera (known as the tulip tree, tulipwood, tulip poplar, whitewood or yellow-poplar)
  17. 17. Cupressus sempervirens pyramidalis / Italian Cypress or Pencil Cypress
  18. 18. Fountain of the shepherd playing the flute
  19. 19. Venus' Baths in English Gardens Sculptor Tommaso Solari (1762)
  20. 20. Venus' Baths Sculptor Tommaso Solari (1762)
  21. 21. Full of romantic influence, the cryptoporticus is a false circular nynphaeum with tufa walls and large niches decorated with stucco and roman opus reticolatum, containing eleven statues from Pompei and from the Farnese collection, of which are on site from before 1792. The status of "ancient ruins" is further underscored by the presence of large cracks in time, of course artifacts.  
  22. 22. The archaeological excavations which Charles promoted at Herculaneum and Pompeii created a wide interest for the ancient ruins them-selves, in addition to leading to the discovery of many works of art The English Garden was designed in the late XVIIIth century by John Graeffer for Queen Maria Carolina. In line with the fashion of the time a number of "follies" decorated it and copies of ancient statues and reliefs were placed here and there Statues of the Cryptoporticus
  23. 23. The cryptoporticus
  24. 24. The cascade
  25. 25. Yew (taxus baccata)
  26. 26. Tempietto, a circular temple
  27. 27. Tempietto
  28. 28. The nymph lake, a lake with two islands. The more there are the fake ruins of a temple and a small building for the housing of the swans
  29. 29. Jacob Philipp Hackert (1737–1807) Landscape with the Palace at Caserta with the Vesuvius (View of the English Garden of Caserta), 1793 Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum, Madrid
  30. 30. Jacob Philipp Hackert (1737–1807) Landscape with Motifs of the English Garden in Caserta Hamburg: Hamburger Kunsthalle Hackert painted the splendid gardens around the royal palace at Caserta on various occasions
  31. 31. Jacob Philipp Hackert (1737–1807) River Landscape with Elements of the English Garden at Caserta National Trust, Attingham Park, UK
  32. 32. Jacob Philipp Hackert (1737– 1807) View of Caserta The State Hermitage Museum  Saint Petersburg
  33. 33. Sound: Emma Shapplin - Spente Le Stelle; Miserere, Venere Text: Internet Pictures: Sanda Foişoreanu Gabriela Cristescu Internet All  copyrights  belong to their  respective owners Presentation: Sanda Foişoreanu https://plus.google.com/+SandaMichaela 2018