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Malaysia11 Melaka2

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Certified as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, Malacca is rich in heritage due to myriad of influences from the East and West. It developed rich cultures and traditions that are unique only to this state.
Malacca City is the capital city of the Malaysian state of Malacca (a population of 484,885), the oldest Malaysian city on the Straits of Malacca. According to legend, the site that is now Malacca City was named Malaka when Parameswara, a Sumatran prince arrived there. While he was resting under a tree known as a Malacca tree, he saw his warrior's hunting dogs were challenged and kicked into a river by a tiny mouse deer. Amused by this, he chose to name the site Malaka after the tree under which he was sitting. When the city came under Portuguese administration, its name was spelled "Malaca", under Dutch administration as "Malakka" or "Malacka", and under British rule, "Malacca". The Straits of Malacca were named after the city at the time of the Malacca Sultanate.

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Malaysia11 Melaka2

  1. 1. With a population of over 30 million, Malaysia is the world's 44th most populous country. Kuala Lumpur is the national capital and largest city, the cultural, financial, and economic centre of Malaysia while Putrajaya is the new federal administrative capital. Malacca is a state in Malaysia located in the southern region of the Malay Peninsula, next to the Strait of Malacca 1111 The Dutch through Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie (VOC) captured Malacca from the Portuguese in the year 1641 ending 130 years of Portuguese occupation of Malacca and renamed it Malakka and were the colonial masters for the next 183 years until it was ceded to the British in 1824. While the Portuguese built fortresses, forts and churches, the Dutch repaired and rebuilt the damaged walls of the fortresses and bastions, built new administrative edifices and residential quarters and business premises. Most of these Dutch legacies are concentrated around St Paul’s Hill and near the mouth of the Melaka River. Tourist from all over come to Melaka to visit this Dutch built city centre listed as a UNESCO World Heritage sites
  2. 2. This tiny gate which we call A Famosa or Porta de Santiago is the last remains of what used to be a mighty fortress (one of the oldest surviving European architectural remains in the whole of Asia). It was built in 1511 under the command of Alfonso de Albuquerque. The fortress was built to consolidate their gains in Malacca after the Portuguese defeated the armies of the Malacca Sultanate. It was once made up of long ramparts and four major towers. One of the towers was a four-storey keep while the other housed the residence of the captain, officers' quarters and an ammunition storage room.
  3. 3. Melaka Proclamation of Independence Memorial  displays records and photographs on the early history of the Malay Sultanate Set up in 1912 in an elegant Dutch colonial mansion that used to house the Malacca Club making it the social centre of British colonial Melaka. Previous guests included novelist Somerset Maugham
  4. 4. Trishaw decorated with colorful flowers
  5. 5. Melaka Proclamation of Independence Memorial
  6. 6. In Malaysia, school uniforms are compulsory for all students who attend public schools. Western- style school uniforms were introduced to present-day Malaysia in the late 19th century during the British colonial era. The present design was standardized beginning in January 1970. Today, school uniforms are almost universal in the public and private school systems
  7. 7. The Dutch Melaka Heritage Trail covers historic buildings from the Dutch colonial era. It was the Dutch era that was the longest - for over 160 years - compared to 130 years of Portuguese rule, and 155 years of the British.
  8. 8. Ravenala madagascariensis, commonly known as traveller's tree or traveler's palm
  9. 9. Malacca was made up of two parts during Dutch times - one was enclosed by the fortress and the other was the town area across the river. The fortress served as a means of defense for the main part of the town and its administration, while the town originally served as a place of residence and trade for the different communities living there
  10. 10. Porta de Santiago Trishaw rider
  11. 11. Porta de Santiago the relic entrance, with its security-minded oblique passage
  12. 12. The intention of the «Dutch Melaka Heritage Trail» was to help visitors discover the Dutch part of the joint history that Malacca shares with the Netherlands. Colorful trishaw
  13. 13. If you climb up the steps of the St. Paul's Hill, the ruins of St. Paul’s Church are at the summit St Paul's Church was not a Dutch church, and that was not its name during Dutch times. The Dutch Reformists do not name their churches after saints. After the capture of Malacca, the church was converted to a Dutch Reformed Church for the Malacca community, and it was just called the Bovenkerk or Church up the Hill.
  14. 14. Because of its strategic position on top of the hill, it was used as an observation point for the fort and its surrounding areas
  15. 15. Built on the site of the last Malaccan sultan’s istana (palace), it was constructed by Portuguese fidalgo (nobleman) captain, Duarte Coelho, in gratitude to the Virgin Mary for saving his life during a storm at sea and it was originally called the Nossa Senhora da Annunciada (Our Lady of the Annunciation)
  16. 16. Ruins of St Paul's Church On the summit of the hill the Portuguese built a church in 1521 and a larger structure in ruin now. The Dutch took over in 1641 and used the same building as their main church until the next century. The old church was then used as a storehouse but eventually lost its roof
  17. 17. When the Dutch invaded Malacca in 1641 it was badly damaged (the belfry tower was destroyed) but the complex was later repaired and renamed St. Paul’s Church, it was primarily used as a Protestant church for about 112 years until Christ Church was completed in 1753. After that, St. Paul’s Church fell into disuse. Under the British administration, a lighthouse was built and it eventually ended up as a storehouse for gunpowder
  18. 18. Masjid Kampung Hulu, the oldest mosque in Malacca, originally built around the year 1720-1728
  19. 19. Masjid Selat Melaka, Malacca Straits Mosque,  is a mosque located on the man-made Malacca Island. The opening ceremony was performed on 24 November 2006.
  20. 20. Masjid Selat Melaka, Malacca Straits Mosque
  21. 21. Masjid Selat Melaka, Malacca Straits Mosque, which was built using the mix of Middle Eastern and Malay craftsmanship, looks like a floating structure if the water level is high
  22. 22. Masjid Selat Melaka, Malacca Straits Mosque
  23. 23. A modern part of Malacca Town as seen from the tourist observation
  24. 24. Impression City is a 138 acre integrated mixed development sited fronting the Straits of Malacca
  25. 25. Impression Series included Encore Melaka Theatre The Encore Melaka theatre boasts innovative and stunning video projection mapping and multi-stage hydraulic sets, advanced lighting and features a 360-degree rotating audience platform. The show features 200 local performers
  26. 26. Encore Melaka, a scenic venue overlooking the Straits of Melaka, has already open to public in July 2018. It is a purpose-built 2,000-seat theatre, which has been designed especially to provide a hi-tech retelling of Melaka’s rich history
  27. 27. The Dawn residence
  28. 28. Elements Mall is Melaka's largest shopping mall strategically located on prime acreage within a historic city centre listed as UNESCO World Heritage City
  29. 29. Elements Mall, located along the straits waterfront
  30. 30. At the pinnacle is the Sky Deck, a plateau with an unobstructed view of Melaka City
  31. 31. Elements Mall
  32. 32. Cyrtostachys renda, also known by the common names red sealing wax palm and lipstick palm, also known as the red palm, rajah palm, and Malay: pinang rajah Licuala grandis, Ruffled Fan Palm
  33. 33. Gloriosa superba. Common names include flame lily, climbing lily, creeping lily, glory lily, gloriosa lily, tiger claw, and fire lily
  34. 34. Traditional Musical Instruments
  35. 35. Text: Internet Pictures: Internet Elena Duțică All  copyrights  belong to their  respective owners Presentation: Sanda Foişoreanu www.slideshare.net/michaelasanda https://ma-planete.com/michaelasanda Sound: Irama Instrumental Melayu Asli 2019

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