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Morocco again21 Meknes Place El Hedim



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Morocco, officially known as the Kingdom of Morocco is a sovereign country located in the Maghreb region of North Africa. Morocco has a population of over 33.8 million and an area of 446,550 km2 and its capital is Rabat
Meknes is one of the four Imperial cities of Morocco, located in northern central Morocco and the sixth largest city by population in the kingdom. Founded in the 11th century by the Almoravids as a military settlement, Meknes became a capital under the reign of Sultan Moulay Ismaïl (1672–1727), the founder of the Alaouite dynasty.
Sultan Moulay Ismaïl turned it into an impressive city in Spanish-Moorish style, surrounded by high walls with great doors, where the harmonious blending of the Islamic and European styles of the 17th century Maghreb are still evident today. The urban population is estimated at more than 650,000

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Morocco again21 Meknes Place El Hedim

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  2. 2. The Place El-Hedime, located exactly between the old town and the Imperial part of the city, houses the covered market and becomes busy at dusk: fire-
  3. 3. Originally known as “Meknassa al- Zitoun” (“Meknes of the olives”), Meknes was founded in the 10th Century by members of the Berber “Meknassa” tribe, but became famous when it was chosen by the Emperor Moulay Ismail to be his Imperial capital in 1672. Compared to his contemporary, Louis XIV of France, due to his reputation as a warrior king and his love of grandeur in general, he made it his life’s mission to transform Meknes into the “Versailles of Morocco”. Dominating the southern end of El- Hedim square the monumental gateway of Bab Mansour, the crowning jewel of Moulay Ismail’s architectural legacy, commissioned by him but finished in 1732 during his son’s reign. Intricately decorated with richly coloured tiles and flanked by two bastions supported in part by columns plundered from Volubilis, it marks the entrance to the vast precincts of the imperial court
  4. 4. Decorative gate Bab er-Reth (The door of the wind) gate to Moulay Ismail Mausoleum
  5. 5. The Moulay Ismail Mausoleum. Moulay Ismaïl Ibn Sharif, also known as the “Warrior King”, was the ruler of Moroccan Alaouite dynasty
  6. 6. The Mausoleum of Moulay Ismail in Meknes is the final resting place of one of Morocco's most notorious sultans
  7. 7. Meknes shops in front of mausoleum of Moulay Ismail
  8. 8. Souvenir ridge magnets
  9. 9. The Place El-Hedime
  10. 10. Bab er-Reth (The door of the wind) gate to Moulay Ismail Mausoleum
  11. 11. Following the death of Moulay Ismail, his city fell into ruin, but the 20th century brought restoration and rejuvenation
  12. 12. All species of Lantana are suspected of having great toxic potential
  13. 13. Lantana are suspected of having great toxic potential
  14. 14. Designed by Sultan Moulay Ismail, the Lahdim square served as a space to celebrate parties, organize demonstrations of all kind, mainly military. The square was also used for religious, cultural, and political gatherings, and in normal days was used as a large souk
  15. 15. The Place El-Hedime Morocco has made significant strides in education over the past decades. The Government allocates about 26% of its annual budget for education.
  16. 16. At the entrance to the medina is Place el Hedim, a popular meeting place, with fancy street lamps, food stalls, fountains and a mock-Andalusian arcade housing shops and cafés
  17. 17. Place Hedim, the main square in the old part of the city. Lahdim square is also famous by Bab Mansour, the largest gate in Africa that connects the square with other parts of the old medina
  18. 18. Bab Mansour Gate
  19. 19. The architect was a Christian convert to Islam named Mansour Laalej (whose name translates to “victorious renegade”) who sought to ascend in the sultan’s court. His name also contributed to the name of the gate (mansour means “victorious” in Arabic)The wooden gateway is16m tall and 8m wide
  20. 20. The wooden gateway is not in use anymore but visitors can use a smaller side door to enter the medina
  21. 21. Sound: Cheb Khaled 2016 Text: Internet Pictures: Sanda Foişoreanu Sanda Negruțiu Internet slide2,3 Copyright: All the images belong to their authors Presentation: Sanda Foişoreanu https://plus.google.com/+SandaMichaela