3. What is lambda phage?
It is a bacterial virus, or
bacteriophage , that infects the
bacterial species Escherichia coli.
This virus is a temperate phage.
Temperate phages are basically
bacteriophages which can choose
between a lytic and lysogenic
pathway of development.
4. The viral DNA exists as
a separate molecule
within the bacterial cell.
from the host bacterial
Viral DNA integrates
with bacterial DNA.
Replicates with the
5. How it penetrates:
It binds to the target E. coli cell, via J protein in the tail
tip that interacts with the maltoporin of E. coli and
injects its linear genome.
DNA of E. coli
MALTOPORIN in E. coli
7. Lytic or lysogenic?
1.lytic life cycle:
occurs in cells with sufficient nutrients, protease
activity is high, which breaks down cII.
2.Lysogenic life cycle:
In cells with limited nutrients, protease activity is
low, making cII stable.
Computer modeling and simulation suggest that random processes
during infection drive the selection of lysis or lysogeny within individual
However, recent experiments suggest that physical differences
among cells, that exist prior to infection, predetermine whether a cell
will lyse or become a lysogen.