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Mining in South
Africa
What is mining?
Mining is the extraction (removal)
of minerals and metals from earth.
1. Cape Town and Cape Penninsula
2. The Winelands
3. Garden Route
4. Johannesburg
5. Kruger National Park
6. Durban Beachfront
7. Robben Island
8. Soweto
9. Blyde River Canyon Nature Reserve
10. Wild Coast
Why is mining important
when discussing
South Africa??
South Africa is also know for its mineral
wealth!! The country is a world leader in
mining.
What is mined in South Africa?
• South Africa is the world’s largest producer of
chrome, manganese, platinum, vanadium and...
What’s Missing
•Gold •Diamonds
Diamonds in South Africa
• A diamond found in Orange River started
mining in South Africa in 1867
• When diamond deposits ...
Gold in South Africa
• South Africa dominated
global gold production
in the 20th century
• 1970, South Africa
produced mor...
Common mining methods in S.A.
Underground mining (shaft mining)
• After initial drilling, blasting and equipping of
a mine...
Common mining methods in S.A.
Surface mining (open pit mining)
• This type of mining takes place from the
surface of the E...
Common mining methods in S.A.
Panning
• Panning for gold is a manual technique that is
used to sort gold from other sedime...
What does mining look
like?
Mining Video
Benefits of gold and diamond mining
• Mining has made S.A. the richest and most
developed country in Africa
• During the f...
Benefits of gold and diamond mining
• Mining companies pay a large amount of the
taxes collected by the S.A. government.
–...
The End!
• Everybody makes money
• Lots of jobs
• Gold and diamonds are great
The other side of mining in South Africa
• Rain run off from abandoned mines creates
orange puddles.
– Experts say the wat...
The other side of mining in South Africa
• South Africa Government
– Let mining companies do whatever they wanted
for many...
The other side of mining in South Africa
• Who is benefitting the most economically?
– The owners of the mines and big com...
Illegal Mining
• people go into abandoned mines and try to
mine for gold, diamonds and other metals.
• Illegal mines are p...
Illegal mining video
Mining in South Africa
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Mining in South Africa

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Mrs. Phillips' presentation on mining in South Africa.

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Mining in South Africa

  1. 1. Mining in South Africa
  2. 2. What is mining?
  3. 3. Mining is the extraction (removal) of minerals and metals from earth.
  4. 4. 1. Cape Town and Cape Penninsula 2. The Winelands 3. Garden Route
  5. 5. 4. Johannesburg 5. Kruger National Park 6. Durban Beachfront
  6. 6. 7. Robben Island 8. Soweto 9. Blyde River Canyon Nature Reserve 10. Wild Coast
  7. 7. Why is mining important when discussing South Africa??
  8. 8. South Africa is also know for its mineral wealth!! The country is a world leader in mining.
  9. 9. What is mined in South Africa? • South Africa is the world’s largest producer of chrome, manganese, platinum, vanadium and vermiculite. • Second largest producer of ilmenite, palladium, rutile and zirconium. • Third largest coal exporter and iron ore supplier.
  10. 10. What’s Missing
  11. 11. •Gold •Diamonds
  12. 12. Diamonds in South Africa • A diamond found in Orange River started mining in South Africa in 1867 • When diamond deposits were discovered near Cape Town, thousands rushed in to try and make money off the diamonds. • South Africa is one of the most significant diamond producing countries in the world.
  13. 13. Gold in South Africa • South Africa dominated global gold production in the 20th century • 1970, South Africa produced more than half of the world’s gold. • More recently, South Africa has fallen to 5th in world production of gold. • More than half of the gold in the world is located beneath the ground in South Africa. • There are over 35 large scale mines in South Africa
  14. 14. Common mining methods in S.A. Underground mining (shaft mining) • After initial drilling, blasting and equipping of a mine shaft, tunnels are built leading outwards from the main shaft so that the gold reef can be reached. Shaft mining is a dangerous operation, and roof supports are needed so that the rock does not collapse. In addition the intense heat and high pressure below the surface make shaft mining very complex, dangerous and expensive
  15. 15. Common mining methods in S.A. Surface mining (open pit mining) • This type of mining takes place from the surface of the Earth. Topsoil is removed first and placed on the side of a trench. Then the surface layers of rock are removed to expose the deeper, valuable mineral layers. The valuable rocks are then blasted into smaller rocks using explosives.
  16. 16. Common mining methods in S.A. Panning • Panning for gold is a manual technique that is used to sort gold from other sediments. Wide, shallow pans are filled with sand and gravel (often from river beds) that may contain gold. Water is added and the pans are shaken so that the gold is sorted from the rock and other materials. Because gold is much more dense, it settles on the bottom of the pan
  17. 17. What does mining look like?
  18. 18. Mining Video
  19. 19. Benefits of gold and diamond mining • Mining has made S.A. the richest and most developed country in Africa • During the first part of the 1900s, S.A. got so much money from gold exports that they were able to buy all sorts of equipment and material to build a modern country. – New technology made it possible to build deeper mines. (some of the deepest mines in the world are in S.A.) – Deeper mines = access to more minerals and metals – More mineral and metals = more money
  20. 20. Benefits of gold and diamond mining • Mining companies pay a large amount of the taxes collected by the S.A. government. – funds road building – schools – medical care • About 500,000 people work for mining companies. • About 5,000,000 more jobs exist in South Africa because of mining. – Transportation of workers and supplies – Factories that make equipment used in mines
  21. 21. The End! • Everybody makes money • Lots of jobs • Gold and diamonds are great
  22. 22. The other side of mining in South Africa • Rain run off from abandoned mines creates orange puddles. – Experts say the water contains radioactive minerals that is deadly to fish and small animals – Children who play in orange sand sometimes come home with rashes or have trouble breathing. – Some soil that has been tested near abandoned mines have as much as 32 times as much radioactivity as allowed by law. – Radioactive material can cause cancer and other health problems.
  23. 23. The other side of mining in South Africa • South Africa Government – Let mining companies do whatever they wanted for many decades. – They were making so much money from mining companies that they did not enforce safety or pollution laws. – Cost of a clean up would seriously hurt S.A. economy. – Government says clean up is a high priority.
  24. 24. The other side of mining in South Africa • Who is benefitting the most economically? – The owners of the mines and big companies benefit tremendously from the mines. – Local workers are paid a wage many times less than mine workers in developed countries.
  25. 25. Illegal Mining • people go into abandoned mines and try to mine for gold, diamonds and other metals. • Illegal mines are patrolled by police • These illegal miners are sometimes in the mines for months at a time. • They are at a great danger of mine collapse, being robbed or being arrested.
  26. 26. Illegal mining video

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