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Present perfect

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Present perfect

  1. 1. PRESENT PERFECT Form and uses
  2. 2. Present Perfect FORM AUXILIARY VERB + PAST PARTICIPLEI have been to London three times.She has seen the film.They have gone to school by bus.
  3. 3. Present Perfect AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES SUBJECT + VERB + COMPLEMENTI have studied a lot for this exam.She has eaten all the food!We have met before.
  4. 4. Present Perfect NEGATIVE SENTENCESSUBJECT + AUX+ NOT +PAST PARTICIPLE + COMPLEMENTI haven’t (have +not) studied a lot for thisexam.She hasn’t (has + not) eaten anything!We haven’t met before.
  5. 5. Present Perfect yes/no ? AUX + SUBJECT + PAST PARTICIPLE (+ COMPLEMENT)?Have you seen my new coat? Yes, I have /No, I haven’tHas she phoned her mother? Yes, she has /No, she hasn’tHave they finished their homework? Yes,they have / No, they haven’t
  6. 6. Present Perfect WH- ? WH + AUX + SUBJECT + PAST PARTICIPLE (+ COMPLEMENT)?Where have you been?What has she bought?How much money have you spent on thatcar?
  8. 8. Present PerfectFor something that started in the past andcontinues in the present: They have been married for 15 years. They have always lived here.We often use a clause with SINCE to show whensomething started in the past:I have worked here since I left school.
  9. 9. Present PerfectFor something we have done several times inthe past and continue to do. I’ve played the guitar since I was a teenager. He has written two books and is working on another one.
  10. 10. Present PerfectWe often use a clause with SINCE to show whensomething started in the past:I have worked here since I left school.
  11. 11. Present PerfectWhen we are talking about our experience up tothe present.We often use the adverb EVER and NEVER withthis meaning Have you ever seen a ghost? I’ve never met a celebrity.
  12. 12. Present PerfectFor something that happened in the past but isstill important at the time of speaking: I can’t get in the house. I’ve lost my keys. She isn’t here. She’s gone shopping.
  13. 13. Present Perfect KEYWORDS We often use the present perfect withadverbials which refer to the recent past
  14. 14. Present Perfect EXAMPLESScientists have recently discovered the curefor migraines.I have just met your cousin.
  15. 15. Present Perfect KEYWORDSor adverbials which include the present
  16. 16. Present Perfect EXAMPLESHave you ever been to Denmark?I have been with Pete so far.Where have you been up to now?I haven’t met her parents yet.
  17. 17. Present Perfect BE CAREFUL!Don’t use present perfect with an adverbialwhich refers to finished past time. We have bought a car last month.Use a simple past instead We bought a car last month.
  18. 18. Present Perfect NOW YOU TRY!! From English Grammar Online 4U Present perfect / simple past1. exercise 12. exercise 23. exercise 3
  19. 19. Present Perfect NOW YOU TRY!! From englishpage.com Present perfect / simple past1. exercise 12. exercise 2
  20. 20. PRESENT PERFECT Form and uses