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  1. 1. RDI & ABALinking Developmental & BehavioralApproaches to Teaching Social Skills
  2. 2. Overview• Developmental Model• Book Two• Six Levels: – Novice, Apprentice, Challenger, Voyager, Explorer, Partner• Appendices• Baseline Assessment & Research Permissions
  3. 3. Key Concepts• Reinforce Competence• Matching Peers• “We-go”• Spotlighting• Fun: Space, Balancing enjoyment/responsibility• “Zone of Proximal Development” & “Joyful Collaboration”
  4. 4. Introduction• Level 1: Core Relationship between Novice & Coach. – Faces, Gestures – Non-Verbal Communication – Fun, fast-paced practice – Exaggerated spotlighting
  5. 5. Stage 1: Attend• Simplify and amplify the communication environment (attending to new SD)• Emphasize excitement and fun (pairing learning activities with R+)• “Curiosity and a desire to share enjoyment will hopefully replace verbal prompting and external reinforcement as the major reason why the person pays attention to you.”
  6. 6. Stage 1: Critical Tips• Limit verbal communication & spotlight facial communication• Verbal communication only when Novice is watching face• “Indirect” cues when not attending• Emphasize fun over demand for interaction• Gauge length & pace
  7. 7. Stage 1: Critical Tips• Determine objects that interfere with social attention• Remain clearly in control of activities• Introduce unpredictability in your actions so the Novice is motivated to continue monitoring your actions and whereabouts• Frequent Breaks
  8. 8. Level 1: Activities• My Words are Important (1:1:1) – Deliberate Speech – Balancing – Spotlighting• I Lost my Voice (1:1:2) – Act as if you lost your voice – Explain the game (if he’ll understand) – Child can be the voiceless one too!
  9. 9. Level 1: Activities• Unexpected Sounds and Actions (1:1:3) – Decide on unexpected action – When attention flags, stop talking and present unexpected action – Dramatic, not startling – Examples: meaningless words, grab head, shoe on head, fall down
  10. 10. Level 1: Activities• Fast-Paced Activities (1:1:4) – 1 or 2 novices – Exchange, Switch Objects, Overload• Beanbag Medley (1:1:5) – 8 beanbag chairs, 12 soft balls – Not Competitive
  11. 11. Stage 2: Reference• Other people must be perceived as important to the Novice, even when they are not entertaining them.• Monitoring others help predict and anticipate• Rapid attention shifting• Actively reference others
  12. 12. Stage 2: Critical Tips• Learn difference between facial expressions and eye contact• Limit verbal communication, increase facial referencing• Exaggerate facial expressions• Not competitive
  13. 13. Stage 2: Activities• Sneaky Pete (1:2:6) – Moderate reinforcing activity – Try to sneak up, eye contact “freezes” you and sends you back. Otherwise, sneaky trick• Follow my Eyes to the Prize (1:2:7) – Hide prize with Novice out of the room; use eyes (only eyes) to guide. – Variation: follow my face to the prize (smile- frown)
  14. 14. Stage 2: Activities• Locked Box (1:2:8) – Treasure Hunt – Smile/Frown (hot/cold)• Was it Right or Wrong? (1:2:9) – Based on Wisconsin Card Sorting – Color, Shape, Size (3 each) 9-27 cards – Pattern Chart on pg 59 – Smile/Frown (hot/cold)