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World War I Power Point

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World War I Power Point

  1. 1. COMBAT INNOVATIONS IN WORLD WAR I Mike Julian EME 2040f Technology for Educators
  2. 2. Casualties Military Military Wounded Dead Great Britain 2,090,212 908,371 France 4,266,000 1,375,800 U.S. 205,690 50,585 Russia 4,950,000 1,700,000 Germany 4,247,143 1,808,546 Austria- 3,260,000 922,500 Hungary Other Combatants
  3. 3. Q: Why were the casualties so much more devastating than in previous wars? Tactics did not keep up with technology.
  5. 5. Machine guns were designed for trench warfare. • Greater range than any previous weapon. • Faster rate of fire – typically 400-600 rounds per minute. Maschinengewehr German Machine Gun
  6. 6. Military tactics were still rooted in the 18th century. Frontal attacks reminiscent of the Napoleonic era. Failure to recognize dominant shift of advantage to defender. Vickers Gun British Machine Gun
  7. 7. POISON GAS • First used by the French, first used effectively by the Germans . Chlorine gas • attacked lungs British Gas • Phosgene gas Bombs Exploding • slower acting attack on lungs •Mustard gas • nearly odorless blister agent • did not evaporate as quickly as chlorine or phosgene, made it a problem to capture areas previously gassed.
  8. 8. POISON GAS • Wind shifts could blow your chemicals back in your direction. • By the end of the war, protective gear had made gas much less effective. British soldier in protective gear
  9. 9. TANKS Early Tanks • Mechanically unreliable • Became “ditched” But these shortcomings were quickly overcome When the first British tanks appeared on the battlefield at Flers, the Germans abandoned their positions. MORE TANK STUFF U.S. tank America
  10. 10. TANK TACTICS Initially, tanks were used to tear down barbed wire and overrun enemy positions for infantry occupation. The tanks would punch through then stop, and let the infantry move in to “mop up”. Later strategy involved massing large numbers of tanks as the primary attacking force. The tanks would punch through the lines, then continue through enemy positions to destroy enemy command and control capabilities. YouTube - World War One - Tanks