Ce diaporama a bien été signalé.
Nous utilisons votre profil LinkedIn et vos données d’activité pour vous proposer des publicités personnalisées et pertinentes. Vous pouvez changer vos préférences de publicités à tout moment.

Drought control strategy in chile

81 vues

Publié le

The RSS / NMR technology will be able to remotely detect and assess groundwater accumulation and flows anywhere on Earth to a depth of 5 km directly.
At a time of deep recession in the global industry and staff reduction, only NMR technology will allow companies to maintain their exploration and prospecting programs scheduled for 2020 at a symbolic price.
( NMR technology provides acquisition of absolute field data with efficiency 2.5-3.0 times higher than indirect seismic data and at a price ten times lower than 2D/3D seismic data).
And most importantly, we are operating remotely, we are not afraid of the coronavirus pandemic all over the world!!!
We will search for reserves and water flows remotely with high accuracy anywhere in the world:
- the identification and contouring of accumulations and flows of underground fresh water,
- mapping the contours;
- obtaining the number of horizons and the depth of their occurrence;
- determining thickness aquifers and reservoir rocks,
- Determination of promising drilling points.

The NMR technology is based on the phenomenon of resonance, which allows direct detection and contouring of accumulations and flows, like the MRI scanning in medicine, which allows seeing human body problems at once.

Publié dans : Ingénierie
  • Soyez le premier à commenter

  • Soyez le premier à aimer ceci

Drought control strategy in chile

  1. 1. Friedman & Salvatierra-llc 1 Proposal for the Chile Freshwater Project “drought control strategy” PRENOM NOM DATE ACTION Michel L Friedman 2020/05/18 CREATION Rev. 00
  2. 2. Friedman & Salvatierra-llc 2 Summary Number Indices page # cover 1 # summary 2 0 Introduction to Proposal for the Chilean Freshwater Project 3 1 Project goal 3 2 Superficies and extension of the project. 3 2.1 Publications (Spanish) 3 3 Prerequisites for successful implementation of the project. 4 4 The origin and spread of underground fresh water. 4 5 General Idea of the Technology 6 5.1 Aerospace photographs: 7 5.2 Ground expedition: 7 6 Technology for remote detection and survey of groundwater in large areas 8 6.1 Basic idea of Works 8 6.2 How it is Done 8 6.3 Operating sequence 9 7 Geophysical study method in the ground phase 10 7.1 Our way - Increase of Radiating Power 11 7.2 The technology is patented: 11 8 The sequence of works for the Chilean project if interested 12 9 conclusions 12
  3. 3. Friedman & Salvatierra-llc 3 0. Introduction to Proposal for the Chilean Freshwater Project Water supply problems in the world are getting more acute. This problem is especially relevant for countries with arid climate and deserts who occupy large areas. In such a climatic region is the territory of the Republic of Chile. The depletion of country water resources threatens the well-being of its population. We believe that the most important political and economic objective of the project is a systematic study of underground freshwater throughout the country, which will provide answers to questions about the water potential of the subsoil of Chile and its implementation for benefit of the Chilean people and of course the Export of agricultural products for the PIB. https://www.odepa.gob.cl/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/panorama2019Final.pdf 1. Project goal The goal of the project is to obtain data on the groundwater potential of the Republic of Chile, taking into account large depths, identify natural underground "boilers" - desalination of sea water, identify and plot powerful underground flows and fresh water reservoirs on maps, determine potential zones and depths of well drilling , especially at great depths, as well as in determining the breakdown points of artesian fresh waters. 2. The superficies and extensions of the project. The project is being implemented in all deserts of the country and other localities like described in the table. The total survey area is a round 450 thousand km sq. Fig. 1 Regions to be observed 2.1. Publications (Spanish) https://www.bbc.com/mundo/noticias-51622758 https://www.biobiochile.cl/especial/aqui-tierra/noticias/2020/04/26/expertos-apuntan-a-que-mega- sequia-que-afecta-a-chile-se-prolongara-por-todo-este-2020.shtml https://www.iagua.es/especiales/sequia-chile
  4. 4. Friedman & Salvatierra-llc 4 https://www.fayerwayer.com/2020/04/sequia-chile-cientificos-estudio/ https://www.infobae.com/america/agencias/2020/04/04/con-rios-secos-y-embalses-vacios-chile- sufre-sequia-historica-en-plena-crisis-por-covid-19/ https://vivimoslanoticia.cl/noticias/actualidad/nacional/2020/04/21/fenomeno-de-la-nina-podria- incrementar-mega-sequia-en-zona-central-de-chile/ https://www.cambioclimaticochile.cl/tag/sequia/ https://radio.uchile.cl/2020/05/03/industria-versus-consumo-humano-el-problema-de-la-sequia-que- se-agrava-con-la-pandemia/ https://www.elmostrador.cl/agenda-pais/2019/08/30/como-la-escasez-de-agua-estaria-afectando-la- agricultura-de-nuestro-pais/ https://dialogochino.net/es/clima-y-energia-es/30820-chile-enfrenta-las-consecuencias-de-una-mega- sequia/ https://www.latercera.com/pulso/noticia/la-sequia-cumplio-amenaza/986946/ https://coagra.cl/como-enfrentara-el-agro-la-sequia/ https://www.cooperativa.cl/noticias/pais/servicios-basicos/agua/ministro-de-agricultura-estamos- ante-la-sequia-mas-grande-de-la/2019-10-05/100649.html https://es.mongabay.com/2019/09/chile-sequia-en-putaendo/ http://elagro.radioagricultura.cl/2019/09/06/la-escasez-agua-estaria-afectando-la-agricultura-pais/ 3. Prerequisites for successful implementation of the project. In order to carry out exploratory work of such a unique scale, a systematic combination of three scientific and technical approaches is required, namely: - the availability of a scientific understanding of the origin and distribution of groundwater, - the availability of effective technology for the remote detection and survey of groundwater in large areas, - the availability of effective technology for ground survey of identified artesian sources of fresh water Our companies have such capabilities. In particular: 4. The origin and spread of underground fresh water. Mechanism of formation of underground waters is that sea water along tectonic fractures comes to the magma chamber (2000 ÷ 3000 m depth), where the water boils (Fig.2). Fig. 2
  5. 5. Friedman & Salvatierra-llc 5 The resulting vapor flows under pressure into the upper water permeable rocks by tectonic fractures (at a depth of 400 ÷ 1000m) condenses and forms an underground lake. Of these lakes along the faults expire flows of fresh water. From boiling zone by tectonic fractures expires geothermal salt water (at a depth of 2000 ÷ 2500 m). Such natural boilers, artesian sources of fresh water, there are quite a lot. In Figure 3 shows the location of the largest such objects on various continents. Fig.3 In all cases, groundwater flow is discharged into the seas and oceans (wedge out in the lake) through hundreds of kilometers at certain depths and distances from the shoreline. Along the way, the flow of fresh water is branching into smaller flows, which cover large areas. From Fig. 3, we see that in Brazil (point 5B) there is one of the major sources of fresh water spreading southwards towards Chile, and, therefore, we can talk about good prospects for providing fresh water to the population and the national economy of Chile. In fig. 4 shows the results of a remote survey of some natural sources of fresh water.
  6. 6. Friedman & Salvatierra-llc 6 Fig.4 From fig. 4 it follows that powerful flows of underground fresh water are, as a rule, at depths of more than 200 m, which is unattainable for their study by the Classical Magnetic Resonance Sounding (MRS) Method. Moreover, the search for groundwater in large areas by classical methods is extremely difficult. This project assumes the use of innovative technology of resonant spectral sounding of the terrain (RSS) to identify and contour underground flows and fresh water reservoirs. For a detailed study of them on the ground, the innovative NMR technology is used. 5. General Idea of the Technology: Preliminary the spectrum of the sought-for mineral or water is recorded on special test wafers: Fig5. Oil Test waferWate r Reprinted
  7. 7. Friedman & Salvatierra-llc 7 5.1. Aerospace photographs: Test wafers are used as a resonator during radiation-chemical processing of analogue aerospace photographs of the territory obtained in the infrared range. Result is direct detection of underground flows and reservoirs of fresh water, determine the depths (Fig.6). Fig.6 5.2. Ground expedition: Point-by-point NMR resonance sounding of an area - improvement of deposit contours and depths, selection of optimal drilling points. Test wafers are used for spectral modulation of transmitter’s radiation (Fig.7). Fig.7 Fig 7 A С D В
  8. 8. Friedman & Salvatierra-llc 8 6. Technology for remote detection and survey of groundwater in large areas The General Idea-Technical Know-How: 6.1. Basic idea of Works Fig. 8 6.2. How it is Done Fig. 9
  9. 9. Friedman & Salvatierra-llc 9 6.3. Operating séquence Fig.10
  10. 10. Friedman & Salvatierra-llc 10 7. Geophysical study method in the ground phase Classical Magnetic Resonance Sounding (MRS) Method: Fig.11 This method is used by IRIS instruments and other companies. Advantage of the method - Direct measurement of Т2 parameter for identification of water horizons, depth and reservoir porosity. Disadvantages - Shallow survey depth (up to 150m), powerful transmitter (impulse 4000 V, 600 А). This is explained by the facts that low-hanging loop antennas are used, which are extremely inefficient for radiation deep into the earth: Fig.12 Disadvantages caused by weak directionality of antennas. Low-suspended horizontal frame antenna.
  11. 11. Friedman & Salvatierra-llc 11 7.1. Our way - Increase of Radiating Power Achieved by Application of super directive antenna: Fig.13 We get a huge gain in radiation power, and therefore a significant increase in the depth of survey. Antenna’s radiating power: Рrad = ηА .GA .Рtr where Рtr is transmitter power, ηА – antenna’s coefficient of efficiency, GA - coefficient of antenna gain. For dipole GА ~ 4, For directive antenna: GA = S1/SA = 4π .R2 / SA, where SA is effective antenna area. With R = 1m and SA = 10-6 m2 we receive power increase of super directive antenna GA = 4π .106 ~ 12 . 106 This is precisely the solution to the problem of probing the bowels of the earth to great depths. Increase of Prospecting Accuracy: The considered systems use sinusoidal resonance signal. However, different types of water consist of dozens of substances, therefore in order to reach maximum identification of the sought-for mineral it is necessary to excite resonance in all types of molecules of the sought-for substance. 7.2. The technology is patented: Patent No. 35122 “Search method of mineral deposits”; Ukraine, 2004, Patent No. 86496 “Search method of mineral deposits using analogue pictures of the Earth's surface”, Ukraine, 2013; Patent No. 86168 “A method of search of natural gas deposits”, Ukraine, 2013, Patent No. 86169 “A method of search of natural gas deposits”, Ukraine, 2013, Patent No. 86497 “A method of search of oil deposits”, Ukraine, 2013. Patent No. 212013000274 “The remote exploration of mineral deposits”, Germany, 2015.
  12. 12. Friedman & Salvatierra-llc 12 8. The sequence of works for the Chilean project if interested The project is proposed to be carried out in 2 stages. The RSS stage is regional (Diagnostics) and is performed remotely, using the innovative RSS technology. As a result of the work, a report will be presented: -Maps of the surveyed areas (450,000. sq.km) with the contours of the identified deep-water flows and underground water reservoirs, - An analysis of the results obtained is given. The duration of the stage will be from 4 months to 6 months. The second RSS detailed stage is carried out remotely and on the ground. The customer determines the most relevant and promising areas of the terrain, subject to a detailed survey (from 10 to 50 sites). A detailed survey of localized areas gives the following data: - Refined ground contour of accumulations underground fresh water (flows, reservoirs), - width of flows and geometrical sizes of reservoirs, - the number of useful horizons, - the thickness of useful horizons, - type of water-bearing collectors/reservoirs, - coordinates of point for drilling well. The Duration of detailed remote survey plus expedition and reporting is no more than 3 months. 9.Conclusions Thus, preliminary work to identify a powerful underground natural boiler in Chile, the use of a unique patented search technology for identification and detailed survey of underground water resources at great depths, as well as practical experience in finding fresh water in deserts and arid regions of the globe, can effectively solve the task of finding promising water resources in the country at different depths and determining optimal drilling points. Perhaps the underground sources of fresh water that we have identified will not be able to completely cover the needs of the population and agriculture of the country. However, an understanding of the magnitude of such water reservoirs/water-supply, as well as their location, provides long-term strategic information used for the proper long-term exploitation of cheap renewable water resources. In addition, tactically (that is, momentarily) - if it is possible to establish a reliable water supply even in several cities and in some territories, this will be a serious contribution to the Chilean economy and agricultural industry and the standard of living of people.