3. History of Malaria
•Term malaria comes from “mal” “aria” or “bad air”
•Malaria has been noted for than 4000 years.
•In 2700 BC, Malaria became widely recognized in Greece
by the 4th century BCE. And it was responsible for the
decline of many of the city-state population
4. What is Malaria?
•Malaria is serious and
sometimes fatal disease caused
by a parasite that commonly
infects a certain type of
mosquito which feeds on
• Malaria caused by the Plasmodium parasite.
• The parasite can be spread to humans through the bites of infected
• Because the parasite that cause malaria affect red blood cell, people can also
catch malaria from exposures to infected blood, including:
1. From mother to unborn child.
2. Through blood transfusion.
3. By sharing needles used to inject drugs.
I. Plasmodium falciparum: it’s the most common type of malaria parasite and
is responsible for most malaria deaths worldwide.
II.Plasmodium vivax: Mainly found in Asia and south America.
III.Plasmodium ovale: Fairly uncommon and can remain in your liver for
several years without producing symptoms.
IV.Plasmodium malaria: This is quite rare and usually only found in Africa.
V. Plasmodium Knowles: This is very rare and found in parts of southeast Asia.