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Geography Skills Review

Types of Maps, Graphs and Landforms

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Geography Skills Review

  1. 1. Standard 1.2. Identify various general (physical, political ) and special use ( population, natural resources, climate ) maps for an awareness of the uniqueness of maps and their uses; use maps for their intended purposes.
  2. 2. MAPS <ul><li>To find location, geographers use maps </li></ul><ul><li>There are several features on a map to make it readable </li></ul>
  3. 3. Legend <ul><li>The Legend tells you what the symbols on a map mean </li></ul>
  4. 4. Map Scale <ul><li>The map scale tells us how much larger the actual thing is than the map </li></ul><ul><li>Helps calculate distances between places </li></ul>
  5. 5. Compass Rose <ul><li>The compass rose helps you find direction on a map </li></ul><ul><li>Tells you which direction each of the four cardinal points is located (North, South, East and West) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Physical Map <ul><li>Topographic or physical maps show the features of natural and man-made landscape. </li></ul><ul><li>EXAMPLE: mountains, plains, rivers, lakes, and coastal features </li></ul><ul><li>It could also show the roads, railways, canals, villages, towns, cities and so on. </li></ul>
  7. 9. Raised Relief Physical Map
  8. 12. Political Map <ul><li>Political Maps show political divisions (boundaries) such as countries, states, counties, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Many political maps do not show landforms </li></ul><ul><li>Often use color coding to distinguish political divisions </li></ul>
  9. 17. Thematic Maps <ul><li>Thematic maps are special purpose maps which show specific kinds of information. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples include geological maps, (showing the geological structure of an area), population maps (showing populations of an area), temperature maps, etc,. </li></ul><ul><li>These maps help us better understand the world by showing distinct features </li></ul>
  10. 18. US Population Density
  11. 19. US Climate Map
  12. 20. US Agriculture Map
  13. 22. Map Projections <ul><li>A map projection is the rounded earth on a flat map </li></ul>
  14. 23. Mercator Projection
  15. 24. Polar Projection
  16. 25. Robinson Projection
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  28. 37. Standard 1.3. Interpret, organize and illustrate charts/graphs ( line, bar, circle ) to visually represent various types of data and information.
  29. 38. Line Graph J F M A M J J A S O 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Average Temperature of My Heart Month of the Year Degrees Fahrenheit
  30. 39. Bar Graph Students Who Hate History
  31. 40. Pie Chart
  32. 41. Standard 1.4. Locate and identify major landforms and geographic features of the world, including continents, major bodies of water, deserts and mountains
  33. 42. Continents <ul><li>Continents are huge continuous land masses </li></ul><ul><li>Continents can be very diverse, with many countries, languages and cultures </li></ul><ul><li>There are seven continents: North America, South America, Africa, Asia, Australia (Oceania), Antarctica, and Europe </li></ul>
  34. 43. 7 Continents
  35. 44. Continents vs. Countries <ul><li>A continent is a body of land </li></ul><ul><li>Continents have no nationality and are formed naturally </li></ul><ul><li>A Country is an area separated by imaginary lines (Borders) </li></ul><ul><li>A Country has one government and a national identity. </li></ul><ul><li>Most continents have many countries within their land mass </li></ul>
  36. 45. North America
  37. 46. Oceans <ul><li>Oceans are the huge bodies of water that cover the earth </li></ul><ul><li>There are four oceans: The Pacific, the Atlantic, the Indian and the Arctic Oceans </li></ul>
  38. 48. Activity <ul><li>On the map given to you, label the following </li></ul><ul><li>4 Oceans Gobi Desert </li></ul><ul><li>7 Continents Atacama Desert </li></ul><ul><li>Sahara Desert Mohave Desert </li></ul><ul><li>Atlas Mountains Rocky Mountains </li></ul><ul><li>Himalaya Mountains Sierra Madre Ranges </li></ul><ul><li>Nile River Andes Mountains </li></ul><ul><li>Amazon River Mediterranean Sea </li></ul><ul><li>Congo River Gulf of Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>Mississippi River Bay of Bengal </li></ul><ul><li>Iberian Peninsula Yucatan Peninsula </li></ul><ul><li>Persian Gulf Bering Strait </li></ul>
  39. 49. Landforms