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Middle East Digital Digest Nov/Dec 2012

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40 recent Internet and Technology developments from - or potentially impacting on - the Middle East, which I curated. Also available at: http://www.slideshare.net/ictQATAR/digital-digest-novdec-2012

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  • The            setup            in            the            video            no            longer            works.           
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Middle East Digital Digest Nov/Dec 2012

  1. 1. Digital Digest40 recent Internet and Technology developments you may have missed from – and/or potentially impacting on - Qatar and the Middle East Issue 5: Nov/Dec 2012 Damian Radcliffe Internet & Society Manager Email: dradcliffe@ict.gov.qa Twitter: @mrdamian76
  2. 2. Contents: Issue 5: Nov/Dec 2012 Slides1. Recent developments in the MENA region 3-12 • 2012 Arab ICT Adoption 4 • Google launch „Arabic Web Days‟ 5 • New data: Facebook in the MENA 6 • E-commerce – a mixed picture 7 • In Brief: Social Media News 8 • In Brief: Content related news 9 • In Brief: Technology News 10 • In the spotlight – Tweeting in Arabic 11-122. Wider Internet & Society Research 13-20 • Research: Social Media Report 2012 – 7 key trends (Global) 14 • Youth: Technology changing reading habits (USA) 15-16 • Technology: Inside Google‟s Data Centers 17 • Internet Governance: WCIT 18-19 • Assistive Technology: Stories from MADA 203. Coming Up – three emerging issues 21-26 • Research: The end of SMS? 22-23 • Technology: The 100m Club 24 • Governance: Vint Cerf on how we regulate the Internet 25-26
  3. 3. 1. Recent developments in the MENA regionIncluding: 2012 Arab ICT Adoption, Google launch „Arabic Web Days‟; 2012 data: Facebook in the MENA, and Tweeting in Arabic Images: http://bit.ly/WQctXW and http://bit.ly/pP7fgl
  4. 4. 1.1 2012 Arab ICT Adoption Six key stats from the “Arab ICT Use and Social Network Adoption report” published by the Madar Research and Development Center, in Dubai. 1. Saudi Arabia has a mobile penetration of 189.24%. 2. All GCC countries achieved penetration rates over 125% in terms of mobile penetration. 3. Mobile phone subscriptions in the Arab world nearly matched the regions population -– 346 million at the end of 2011. 4. There are 96 million Arab internet users. 5. Bahrain is the only Arab country with zero narrowband Internet subscribers. 6. Bandwidth consumption has grown at an average of 40% over the past year. Source: http://bit.ly/YEIG4F Images via : http://bit.ly/chFUt and http://bit.ly/ZzR5b1
  5. 5. 1.2 Google launch „Arabic Web Days‟• In November, Google announced “Arabic Web Days” a month long series of online and offline events designed to boost the amount of Arabic content online.• Arabic speakers make up more than 5 percent of the global population yet Arabic content on the web makes up just 3 percent of the total online digital content. • Partners included: Vinelab, Wamda, Yamli and Taghreedat, as well as Twitter, Wikipedia, TED, Soundcloud, Al Arabiya, TwoFour54 and the Qatari Computing Research Institute. • Activities included Hangouts on Google+ a YouTube Tweet Up in Doha, developer training focused on Arabic localization, webmaster tools, SEO and YouTube for Business, as well as the regions first Arabic infographics competition. • Google also launched an Arabic only blog, and a promotional YouTube video in Arabic to support the initiative. See: www.arabicwebdays.com and youtube.com/arabicwebdays Source: http://bit.ly/107274Z Images: http://bit.ly/V2x7ir , http://bit.ly/W1tV5n
  6. 6. 1.3 New data: Facebook users in the MENA• Facebook has grown by 29% in the MENA region during 2012, adding over 10M new registered users.• Membership is growing fastest in Qatar, Libya and Iraq, with more than 115%, 86% and 81% new users respectively.• Egypt has 17M online Facebook users. The highest of any country in the region.• 2.5M new people in Egypt joined Facebook since January 2012, the highest absolute user growth of any country in the region. Source: http://bit.ly/YR7pTl
  7. 7. 1.4 E-Commerce – a mixed picture• A report by Booz & Company, in partnership with Google, of 3,000 digital users from nine MENA countries born between 1977 and 1997 noted that when it comes to e-commerce: ―They increasingly research products and services online, but they still prefer to buy in person.‖ ―…members of the ADG (Arab Digital Generation) — and the overall population in the region—are reluctant to engage in online commercial activities, due to a lingering mistrust of e-commerce.‖• However, Arabian Business referred to E-commerce in the Middle East as a “Virtual gold rush” in an article which stated that e-commerce related transactions is worth about $11bn a year in the Middle East.• The UAEs online spending equated to 55 percent to 60 percent of total GCC e- commerce sales. Saudi Arabia was the second largest market, with an estimated $520m, followed by Qatar ($375m), Kuwait ($280m), Bahrain ($175m) and Oman ($70m) - according to data from Visa.• Wamda and AB also reported on Namshi, an e- commerce site which launched in 2011 selling shoes and clothing in the Middle East. In September it secured $20m financing from JP Morgan Chase and Blakeney Management. Image: http://bit.ly/R6oH8P
  8. 8. 1.5 In Brief: Social Media News• There are 17 million tweets every day in Arabic. - That is 1 billion tweets every two months.• 1 out of 4 tweets written in Arabizi – (Arabizi is slang/an alphabet used to communicate in the Arabic language over the Internet) Source: Kaveh Gharib, localization project manager, Twitter via http://bit.ly/12hwCX3• 40% of all Arabic tweets, half of Wikipedia‟s Arabic content and 35% of all Arabic content on the web comes from Saudi Arabia: http://bit.ly/12peESt• Twitter now offers its mobile Web site in Arabic and Farsi. This was made possible through the support of their community of translators.• The main Twitter site has been available in these two languages, as well as Hebrew and Urdu, since March (the first time Twitter was available in right- Image: http://bit.ly/TAzhdh to-left languages). Source: http://tcrn.ch/SPzyFv
  9. 9. 1.6 In Brief: Content related newsIn December Apple launched the iTunes Store, in theGCC (including UAE, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Bahrain andOman), featuring local artists such as Nancy Ajram,Myriam Fares and Amr Diab.Users could previously buy and download apps through Techcrunchs Darrell EtheringtoniTunes in the region, but not songs. reported that Apple "now reaches 60.96 percent of the world populationTfour.me notes however that “users in the region still cannot through its music stores, well ahead ofpurchase movies or TV shows, as they have been able to do for Microsoft’s next closest 16 percent.”years in the US and many other countries.” Source: http://tcrn.ch/YZyeG0 Source: http://bit.ly/SGX2fI “Kuwait and Qatar have been showing very strong GDP growth over the past couple of years and due to the size of them – theyOnline daily deals provider Groupon is planning have a large expat community – it’s anto open offices in Oman, Bahrain, Qatar, Kuwait interesting market because you can go in Image: http://bit.ly/YbjmD0and several in Saudi Arabia. Source: http://bit.ly/P1xAPo there and start business very quickly.” Groupon CEO Alexander KappesHalf of the Arabic content on the Internet is replicated on different websites and writtenin weak Arabic, according to Fayeq Oweis, Arabic localization manager at Google. c.33 percent of it is restricted to members of online forums inaccessible to the public: http://bit.ly/V5Mztw
  10. 10. 1.7 In Brief: Technology News• Nationwide LTE comes to Kuwait. Zain Kuwait has launched 4G services under the brand name Wiyana Connect 4G LTE. It is available for all compatible mobile phones, tablets, routers, hotspots and dongles. Source: http://bit.ly/WKnD0v• Oman‟s Telecommunications Regulatory Authority (TRA) is working to provide basic telecoms services to over 150 villages in remote and rural areas of the country. http://bit.ly/MBhpVv• A price cap for Kuwaiti ISPs by the Ministry of Communications in Kuwait is anticipated to see prices drop by up to 40%: http://bit.ly/VqhKhY • BBC News reports that Saudi male guardians are now receiving automatic text messages when their female dependents leave the country: http://bbc.in/UiVEBP Images: http://bit.ly/W1DAcm and http://bit.ly/12OB6ns
  11. 11. 1.8 In the Spotlight: the rise of tweeting in ArabicIn previous issues we have explore the increased importance of Arabic language acrosssocial media communities. Data from the 4th edition of the Arab Social Media Report,produced by the Dubai School of Government shows some of the extent of this growth.
  12. 12. *new slide, insert figure 17 and the source:http://www.dsg.ae/en/Publication/Pdf_En/103201211214516440000.pdf - page 41 NB: Confusingly chart 17 (page before) has data right to left, chart 16 runs left to right. But the above shows a discernible spike in Arabic tweets across many of these countries.
  13. 13. 2. Internet & Society: Wider Research UpdateIncludes: Nielsen‟s Social Media Report 2012, how technology is changing young people‟s reading habits and Google‟s Data Centers. Images: http://bit.ly/WKpDpo and http://bit.ly/PliCVP
  14. 14. 2.1 Social Impact: Wider ResearchNielsen published their “State of the Media: The Social Media Report 2012”It identified seven major global social networking trends (below).1. Mobile: More people are using smartphones and tablets to access social media.2. Proliferation: New social media sites continue to emerge and catch on e.g. Pinterest.3. The Global Living Room: TV-watching is becoming an immediate, shared, experience.4. Social Care: Social media is an increasingly important channel for customer service. Nearly half of U.S. consumers reach out directly to brands and service providers to voice satisfaction or complaints, or simply to ask questions.5. Social Word of Mouth: We are tapping into group beyond people we know.6. Hyper-Informed Consumers: Using social media to make purchases based on other consumers‟ experiences as well as to find deals.7. Opportunity for Engagement: “Roughly one-third of social media users find ads on social networking sites more annoying than other types of Internet advertisements…” But “more than a quarter…say they are more likely to pay attention to an ad shared by one of their social connections” and “more than a quarter…are ok with seeing ads on social networking sites tailored to them based on their profile information.” Source: http://bit.ly/YovVMs Images: http://bit.ly/Um6WVI , http://bit.ly/10ijt0C
  15. 15. 2.2 Youth: Technology changing reading habits of young AmericansThe Pew Research Center‟s Internet & American Life Project hasreported that:• Among Americans who read e-books, those under age 30 are more likely to read their e-books on a cell phone (41%) or computer (55%) than on an e-book reader such as a Kindle (23%) or tablet (16%).• Overall, 47% of younger Americans read long-form e-content such as books, magazines or newspapers. E-content readers under age 30 are more likely than older e-content readers to say that they are reading more these days due to the availability of e-content (40% vs. 28%).. • In total, 83% of Americans between the ages of 16 and 29 read a book in the past year. • 75% read a print book, 19% read an e-book, and 11% listened to an audiobook. As the chart overleaf shows, young people also consumer e-content differently too. Images: http://bit.ly/VAPycd , http://bit.ly/Vfkm3q
  16. 16. Image and data source: http://bit.ly/RRIFnq
  17. 17. 2.3 Technology: Inside Google‟s Data Centers In October Google offered users an insight into their giant data centers, including tours in Street View and photo albums from a number of centers around the globe. See: http://www.google.com/about/datacenters/ Image: Googles data center in Douglas County, Georgia. “These colorful pipes send and receive water for cooling our facility. Also pictured is aG-Bike, the vehicle of choice for team members to get around outside our data centers.”
  18. 18. 2.4 Internet Governance: WCITThe World Conference on International Telecommunications (WCIT) took placein Dubai (Dec) to discuss/modify the International Telecommunications Regulations (ITRs). ―The ITRs are part of a treaty framework that establishes general principles to guide the governance and operation of international telecommunication.‖ Source: http://www.internetsociety.org/wcit-what-it-why-it-mattersMuch media coverage focused on a potential change of ownership regarding theseregulations (see, for example Forbes‟- „Why is the UN Trying to Take over the Internet?‟) as well as whether theITRs should include specific reference to the Internet itself. ―…I believe this is simply a recognition of the current reality — the two worlds of telecommunications and Internet are inextricably linked.‖ Hamadoun Touré, Secretary General of the International Telecommunication Union. (Via LawFare.)• Other topics discussed included cyber-security, “sender party pays” which would have required Web content providers – like Google or Facebook – to pay ISPs for the traffic they send over those networks, and managing spam.• 55 countries refused to sign the new ITRs including the U.S., U.K. and Japan.• 89 out of the 144 eligible to sign did so. Full list: http://www.itu.int/osg/wcit-12/highlights/signatories.html Image: http://bit.ly/TzUi81
  19. 19. There‟s some useful summaries of the Conference – offering both sides of argument e.g. • The New York Times (which includes an interview with Andrey V. Krutskikh, a Russian Foreign Ministry official) • The Washington Post (which extensively quotes Terry Kramer, the U.S. ambassador to the World Conference) • LawFare (which also includes the draft resolution) And here‟s two memorable (if long) quotes looking at the outcome. “…the Internet isnt about control. It isnt about censorship. Its about freedom and discourse and kitten videos. Its as insanely powerful as it is intemperately ridiculous.To nations who exist to control their populace, the Internet is a Wild West of chaos and disruption. Powerful, yes, but power that -- in the minds of their leaders -- should reside in the hands of the leadership, not the citizenry.” David Gewirtz for ZDNet Government : http://zd.net/SNUpJg “The most important result of the conference has been to demonstrate that the world now splits into twocamps when it comes to the internet: one is comprised of more authoritarian countries, which would like toturn back the clock and regain sovereignty over their own national bits of the internet; the other wants to keepthe internet and its governance as it is (bearing in mind that some of its members’ motives may not always be as pure as they pretend).This sounds much like a digital version of the cold war. The funny thing is that the leading countries in the two camps are the same two that were at loggerheads until the iron curtain parted. One must hope that the failure of the WCIT is not a first step towards raising a digital one.” Babbage, in The Economist: http://econ.st/Y06y2A
  20. 20. Stories via:2.5 Assistive Technology• Gloves that translate sign language into speech. “The device consists of a pair of gloves worn by the sign language user, which contains 14 flexible sensors, a microcontroller and a Bluetooth transmitter on each hand. The sensors instantly and continually detect the words that are being signed, and this information is then sent to the Enable Talk app on the conversation partner’s smartphone.” http://bit.ly/UIKEd8• Mada launches Reader-Writer to support learning needs of people with different disabilities in cooperation with Sensory Software, a British-based assistive technology manufacturer. http://bit.ly/W1yhtE• Mada-Vodafone to help people with disabilities by initiating „Accessibility for All‟ initiative to provide permanent offers for customers with disabilities. http://bit.ly/VivATT• Check out the new #Braille Sonar App for #iOS (right) http://goo.gl/6l1Wb• "Voice Guide" and "Explore by Touch" coming to Kindle Fire and Kindle Fire HD 7" Early Next Year http://bit.ly/UhqQgk• App aims to help blind visitors find their way around city http://bit.ly/WG8Umn
  21. 21. 3. Coming Up – three emerging themesThe end of SMS? Internet Regulation The 100m Club Images: http://bit.ly/ZuTfsz, http://bit.ly/wl8Zsa and http://bit.ly/uYztZ
  22. 22. 3.1 Research: The end of the SMS?On December 3rd 2012 the SMS turned 20.The first ever text was sent on 3 December 1992, when a 22-year-old British engineercalled Neil Papworth used his computer to send the message “Merry Christmas” to anOrbitel 901 mobile phone.• Last year, global SMS traffic increased to 7.4 trillion messages, up 44% from 2010.• Informa forecasts that SMS traffic will reach 9.4tn messages in 2016 and generate US$127billion in revenue. Source: http://bit.ly/TjNJCNBut in markets with high smartphone penetration theSMS may be in decline as tools like BBM and WhatsAppbecome the messaging tools of choice. Images: http://bit.ly/Qi3fMm , http://bit.ly/oi843
  23. 23. • Ofcom reported that the first half of 2012 saw two quarterly declines in the volume of SMS messages sent in the UK (Q1 2012: 39.1 billion; Q2 2012: 38.5 billion), falling slightly from their peak of 39.7 billion in quarter 4 in 2011.• However, the SMS isn‟t dead yet. The UK regulator noted that: – UK 12-15 year olds are the most prolific texters, sending an average of 193 texts every week, almost four times as much as the UK average. More than double the figure 12 months ago. – Girls text 35% more than boys with older girls (12-15 year olds) sending an average of 221 messages a week. – The average 8-11 year old sends 41 texts each week, almost double the number (23) sent in 2011. Source: http://bit.ly/Y6ODTb
  24. 24. 3.2 Technology – 10 countries have 100m mobile subscriptions Source: http://bit.ly/WeiNaT
  25. 25. 3.3 Internet Governance: - Vint Cerf on how we regulate the webWriting for CNN, Vinton Cerf, Googles chief internet evangelist, outlined some ofhis views on how the Internet should be regulated arguing against some of thechanges proposed at WCIT.Here‟s some key quotes: “Let us be clear: We do not advocate for an end to the ITU. The UN agency has helped the world manage radio spectrum and wired and wireless telephone networks, bringing much needed investment to the developing world. But this inter-governmental agency is the wrong place to make decisions about the future of the internet. Only governments have a vote at the ITU. This includes governments that do not support a free and open internet. Engineers, companies, and people that build and use the web have no vote. The multi-stakeholder model of internet policy development that is the hallmark of the Internet Engineering Task Force, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, the Internet Governance Forum, the Regional Internet Registries, among many others, is the only sensible way forward.” Images: http://bit.ly/XMPBIT , http://bit.ly/12QwFbV
  26. 26. “A state-controlled system of regulation is not only unnecessary, it would almost invariably raise costs and prices and interfere with the rapid and organic growth of the internet we have seen since its commercial emergence in the 1990s.” “While some governments argue that the internet needs new global rules to speed its rollout in the developing world, we believe the present market-driven approach is best positioned to keep up with the nets exponential growth.Read the full article: http://bit.ly/QSEoV1 Broadband services are being rolled out. Service interruptions remain rare.Within a few years the net is predicted Images: http://bit.ly/12HmnLT and http://bit.ly/YPCgzP to be serving four billion users – Read the full article: http://bit.ly/QSEoV1 more than half of humanity!‖
  27. 27. Thank you for reading. Comments, suggestions and feedback for future digests are welcome. Visit: http://www.slideshare.net/ictQATAR/ for Volumes 1-4 which you can download and embed on your own site or click on the links below. (NB: These are in PDF for formatting reasons, email me for a PowerPoint version.)Previous editions:Middle East Digital Digest, Issue 4: Sept/Oct 2012Middle East Digital Digest, Issue 3: August 2012Middle East Digital Digest, Issue 2: July 2012Middle East Digital Digest, Issue 1: June 2012 Damian Radcliffe, Internet & Society Manager Email: dradcliffe@ict.gov.qa Twitter: @mrdamian76 Tel: +974 44993612 Disclaimer: all content in these slides is in the public domain and referenced so that you can read the original sources. Any omissions, errors or mistakes are mine, and mine alone.