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Topic: Application of cognitive
theory in classroom
Submitted to: Shahzad Mughal
Submitted By: Rida Amajad(2016-
• Cognitive Theory: stems from traditional
psychological concepts of thinking.
Cognitivists view activities such as thinking,
deciding, and remembering in terms of how
they underlie behavior.
• Cognitive theory came about as a reaction to
• Congnitivists and Behaviorists have conflicting
• A cognitive revolution took place in the 1950’s
which led to a collection of cognitive sciences
studied present day.
Key cognitive Theory Concepts
• Cognitive psychology focuses on how people
think, understand and know.
• Emphasis on learning how people
comprehend and represent the world around
• Focus on conscious thinking.
• Emphasis on individual's active construction of
• Dual Coding Theory- believed people process
information in two ways: processing images or
• His dual coding theory formed the beginnings
of subsequent educational theories.
• Paivio placed an equal importance on verbal
and nonverbal processing.
• Focused on understanding and defining
• Developed a theory of multiple
intelligences(there are eleven in all).
• Professor at Harvard University where he
conducted research on his regular, gifted, and
• Believed educators need to take into account the
students' multiple intelligences and use them to
guide themselves while instructing.
• Educational Psychologists who focused on
students learning domains.
• Classified learning into three domains(
cognitive, affective, and psychomotor)
• Created Bloom’s Taxonomy which is made up
of six levels that can be used to acquire
High order Thinking Skills
Lower Order Thinking Skills
Teachers Applying Cognitive Theory
• Expository Teaching:
– Teacher gives students the tools to organize
information for easier encoding, storage and
– Teacher exposes students to underlying and
selective interrelationships in cognitive learning to
help students come up with the correct
• Meaningful learning method- when
presenting new information the teacher uses
old information to introduce new information
and make connections.
• Dual coding:
– Using both text and picture or sound while
instructing gives students a better chance of
remembering and encoding the information.
– Technology can easily be used to enhance a lesson
and a dual coding method.
Students Applying Cognitive Theory
• Students use sensory, short term and long term
memory to store information learning in class.
• Students come up with mnemonic devices to
remember facts with ease.
• Using existing schemas to connect new
information to help students retain information.
• Technology can be used to organize information
into charts, graphs, concepts maps, etc.
Cognitive Theory In Classroom
• In my opinion, cognitive theory provides an
effective way to teach students. Cognitive
theory enables the learners to develop the
ability to analyze the language, make
generalizations about rules, take risks in trying
out the language, and to learn from errors. It
enhances the meaningfulness of new material
to increase the chances of its being anchored
to what is already known.