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Commonwealth

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Commonwealth

  1. 1. Commonwealth
  2. 2. Introduction  The Commonwealth of Nations formerly known as British Commonwealth.  Intergovernmental Organization.  54 independent member states.
  3. 3. Main Objective  To Promote ◦ Democracy. ◦ Human rights. ◦ Good governance. ◦ Rule of law. ◦ Individual liberty. ◦ Equality among people. ◦ Free trade. ◦ International Relations. ◦ World peace.
  4. 4. Head Of Commonwealth  Queen Elizabeth ll since 6 February 1952.  Secretary General ◦ Kamalesh Sharma since 1 April 2008.
  5. 5. Commonwealth Secretariat  Established In 1965 The main intergovernmental agency of the Commonwealth.  Facilitating, consultation and cooperation among member governments and countries.
  6. 6. Secretariat  The Commonwealth of Nations is represented in the United Nations General Assembly by the Secretariat, as an observer.  Organizes Commonwealth summits, meetings of ministers, consultative meetings and technical discussions.
  7. 7. Background  The Commonwealth consists almost entirely of countries which were once part of the British empire.  Burma, on becoming independent, chose not to join.
  8. 8. Decolonization  The old Dominions were confirmed in their independence by the 1931 Statute of Westminster.  India and Pakistan became independent in 1947.
  9. 9. Members  by 1965 the Commonwealth member states numbered 22  by 1985 : 49  by 2006 : 53  In Present : 54
  10. 10. Members  The largest member of the Commonwealth is Canada, at nearly 10 million square kilometers.  The most populous Commonwealth country is India, with nearly 1.1 billion people.  The smallest member is Nauru, with only 13,000 inhabitants.  The Commonwealth also includes the world's driest and most sparsely populated
  11. 11. States Detached  1949 – Ireland  1961 – South Africa readmitted in 1994 ( Hedrick Verwoerd unsuccessful assassination) (Sharpeville massacre demonstration)  1972 – Pakistan left readmitted in 1989
  12. 12. Membership Suspended  Fiji’s membership was suspended from 2000 to 2001, and again in 2006  Zimbabwe in 2002–3  Pakistan’s from 1999 to 2004
  13. 13. Organizations  The Commonwealth of Learning (COL) is an intergovernmental organization created by the Heads of Government to encourage the development and sharing of open learning/distance education knowledge.
  14. 14.  The Commonwealth Games a multi-sport event is held every four years.  the goal is promoting relations between Commonwealth countries and celebrating their shared sporting and cultural heritage.
  15. 15.  The Commonwealth War Graves Commission (CWGC)  responsible for maintaining the war graves of 1.7 million service personnel that died in the First and Second World Wars fighting for Commonwealth member states.
  16. 16.  The Commonwealth Business Council (CBC) was formed at 1997  The aim was to utilize the global network of the Commonwealth more effectively for the promotion of global trade and investment for shared prosperity.
  17. 17. Commonwealth Events  CHOGM Commonwealth Heads Of Government Meeting, which is held after every 2 years.  CGF Commonwealth Games Federation, games event held after every 4 years.
  18. 18. Commonwealth Events
  19. 19. Commonwealth Events
  20. 20. Commonwealth Benefits  All members have seen the advantages of remaining in a group, that bridges the gap between the world’s ‘north’ and ‘south’.  It has survived bitter disputes, and even wars, between its members.
  21. 21. What does the commonwealth do? Have assistance which monitor elections in different countries. Training of judges. Teachers training. Scholarships for students. Training of medical persons. Commonwealth heads meet with government to discuss how to work together.
  22. 22. Questions?

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