What is technology?
“The branch of knowledge that deals with
the creation and use of technical means and
their interrelation with life, society, and the
environment, drawing upon such subjects as
industrial arts, engineering, applied science,
and pure science.”
Types of technology
What is Artificial Intelligence?
History of AI
Applications of AI
Types of AI
Introduction to Artificial Intelligence
A.I. is a branch of computer science that
studies the computational requirements for
tasks such as perception, reasoning and
learning and develop systems to perform
Yes, but what is intelligence?
• Intelligence is the computational part of
the ability to achieve goals in the world.
Varying kinds and degrees of intelligence
occur in people, many animals and some
• System that thinks like “Human”.
• System that think “Rationally”.
• System that acts like “Humans”.
• System that acts “Rationally”.
Definition of A.I
“ The theory and development of computer systems
able to perform tasks normally requiring human
intelligence, such as visual perception, speech
recognition, decision-making, and translation
An area of computer science that deals
with giving machines the ability to seem
like they have human intelligence.
History of Artificial Intelligence
The history of artificial intelligence (AI) began in
The field of AI research was founded at conference
campus of Dartmouth College in the summer of 1956.
Major AI researcher and textbook as AI is
the human-like intelligence exhibited by machine
A variety of fields (mathematics, psychology,
engineering, economics and political science)
began to discuss the possibility of creating an
Applications of Artificial Intelligence
Much of the early research in state space
search was done using common board games
such as checkers, chess, and the 15-puzzle
Games can generate extremely large
search spaces. Theses are large and
complex enough to require powerful
techniques for determining what
alternative to explore.
Automated reasoning and Theorem
Theorem-proving is one of the most fruitful
branches of the field
Theorem-proving research was
responsible in formalizing search
algorithms and developing formal
representation languages such as
predicate calculus and the logic
Natural Language Understanding and
One of the long-standing goals of AI is the
creation of programming that are capable
of understanding and generating
A robot that blindly performs a sequence of
actions without responding to changes or
being able to detect and correct errors
could hardly considered intelligent
It should have some degree of
sensors and algorithms to guild it.
Robotics and future
Researches are going on these
days to implement the
complete “Theories of
Intelligence” and to make them
capable for tasks as Object
Mapping and Motion-Planning.
Types of Artificial Intelligence
1. Expert Systems
2. Fuzzy logic
3. Neural networks
4. Exhaustive Search
Facts, information, and skills acquired
through experience or education; the
theoretical or practical understanding of a
Knowledge management (KM) is the process
of capturing, developing, sharing, and
effectively using organizational knowledge.
Characteristics of Knowledge Management
1. Knowledge Management is about people.
It is directly linked to what people know, and how what they
know can support business and organizational objectives.
2. Knowledge Management is orderly and goal-directed.
It is inextricably tied to the strategic objectives of the
3. Knowledge Management is ever-changing.
There is no such thing as an immutable law in
Knowledge Management. Knowledge is constantly
tested, updated, revised, and sometimes even
"obsolete“ when it is no longer practicable.
4. Knowledge Management is value-added.
It draws upon pooled expertise, relationships, and alliances.
5. Knowledge Management is visionary.
This vision is expressed in strategic business terms rather
than technical terms, and in a manner that generates
enthusiasm, buy-in, and motivates managers to work together
toward reaching common goals.
6. Knowledge Management is complementary.
It can be integrated with other organizational learning
initiatives such as Total Quality Management (TQM).
What is wiki?
A wiki is a server program that allows users to
collaborate in forming the content of a Web
site. The term comes from “wiki wiki” which
means fast in Hawaiian language.
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