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high reputation cheap
good teaching quality, web (2) native
easily remixed and
expensive low production quality
often not web native reputation ‘buyer
reuse limited distributed
Granularity is a lens through which we can
explore many of the issues around open
Models of OER sustainability
Centralised Team (MIT) Teaching Duty (USU) Distributed dev (Rice)
Higher Education as long tail production engine
Should we just stop worrying about
sustainability and embrace little OER?
Aggregation and Adaptation
(McAndrew et al 2009):
“In relation to repurposing, initially it was thought:
1. that it was not anyone’s current role to remix and reuse;
2. the content provided on the site was of high quality and
so discouraged alteration;
3. there were few examples showing the method and value
4. the use of unfamiliar formats (such as XML) meant that
users were uncertain how to proceed.”
Little OER tends to
• not be explicit learning content – not generated with the
aim of being used for learning;
• not specify the learning that will occur
• be easily aggregated into a pathway or framework which
is created by the educator.
Specific Project Site Third party site
Advantages Greater brand link Greater traffic
Link through to courses Cheaper
Control Greater serendipity
Ability to conduct research Expertise in social software development
Disadvantages Requires specialist team Can lose service
Requires updating No control eg over downtimes
Lower traffic Loss of ownership of data
More expensive Other non-educational content also
“No amount of creativity in the making of an artefact will
compensate for the absence of a framework within which
to disseminate it. My Facebook postings (of links to my 2
videos) received brief comments from 3 of my 67
‘friends’. Nothing on Twitter or Youtube. This
demotivated me to continue investing the time. If I’d had,
say, a teaching forum with students working on
intercultural semiotics, I’d have had more of an impact”
What is the cultural/social/professional
context for reuse?
Should we just stop worrying about sustainability and embrace little
What is the cultural/social/professional context for reuse?
When is the personal element appropriate?
Can an unproject approach work (particularly in an era of cutbacks)?
Do you get different types of learning from aggregation and adaptation?
Can we quantify these pay-offs?
Can educational content survive outside of an educational context?
We’ve only just begun – what other ways of working does open content
When are these different messages appropriate in learning?
Should we stop building our own OER sites?