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Rizal - Chapter 1

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Rizal Life, Works and Writings

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Rizal - Chapter 1

  1. 1. Jose Rizal :Life, Works, and Writings
  2. 2. Chapter 1: Advent of a National Hero • June 19, 1861 – birth date of Jose Rizal • Born in Calamba, Laguna Province • June 22, 1861 – baptismal of Rizal • nickname “Pepe” • the greatest Filipino hero and peerless genius
  3. 3. • Father Rufino Collantes - baptized Rizal• Father Pedro Casañas - Rizal‟s godfather• Mariano Herbosa – nephew of Casañas andwill marry Lucia• “Jose Protacio Rizal Mercado Y AlonzoRealonda”• Lieutenant-General Jose Lemery –the governor general of the Philippines whenRizal was born
  4. 4. Meanings of name• Jose - was chosen by his mother who was a devotee of the Christian saint SanJose (St. Joseph)• Protacio - from Gervacio P. which come from a Christian calendar• Mercado- adopted in 1731 by Domigo Lamco (the paternal great- great-grandfather of Jose Rizal) which the Spanish term mercado means „market‟ in English• Rizal - from the word „Ricial‟ in Spanish means a field where wheat, cut while stillgreen, sprouts again• Alonzo- old surname of his mother• Y - and• Realonda - it was used by Doña Teodora from the surname of her godmother based on the culture by
  5. 5. Rizal’s Parents
  6. 6. Francisco Mercado Rizal• Francisco Engracio Rizal Mercado yAlejandra II• Born on May 11, 1818• Born in Biñan, Laguna• June 28, 1848, he married Teodora• the youngest of the 13 children ofCirila Alejandro and Juan Mercado
  7. 7. Teodora Alonzo Realonda• Teodora Morales Alonzo Realonda yQuintos• Born on November 9, 1827• Rizal‟s first teacher• second child of LorenzoAlonso and Brigida de Quintos• went to College of Sta. Rosa
  8. 8. The Rizal ChildrenFranciso Rizal Teodora Alonso Saturnina Paciano Narcisa Olimpia Lucia Maria JOSE Concepcion Josefa Trinidad Soledad
  9. 9. Saturnina Paciano Narcisa Olimpia Lucia Maria
  10. 10. Concepcion (died at 3) Jose Josefa Trinidad(unmarried) Soledad
  11. 11. Ancestry Paternal Side
  12. 12. • Domingo Lameo – great-great grandfather– A Chinese immigrant from Chang chow “China‟s City of Spring”, he was married to Ines De la Rosa• 1731 – he adopt the name „Mercado‟ meaning market• Francisco Mercado – Domingo Lameo‟s son• Juan Mercado – Francisco‟s son, married to Cirila Alejandro• Francisco Mercado – Rizal‟s father (son of Juan Mercado)
  13. 13. Ancestry Maternal Side
  14. 14. • Lakan Dula – descendant• Eugenio Ursua – great-great grandfather of Rizal – he was married to Benigna• Regina – daughter of Eugenio, married to Manuel De Quintos• Brigida – daughter of Regina, married to Lorenzo Alberto, mother of Narcisa, Teodora, Gregorio, Jose and Manuel• Rizal – “racial”; meaning “new pasture” and “green field”