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STRESS MANAGEMENT
By
N.G.Palit
FIRST

Let us understand what is
Stress?
STRESS
• Stress is a part of
being alive.
• The only time there
is a total absence of
stress is in death.
STRESS
• Stress becomes a
problem, when we have
too much stress and are
unable to cope with it.

*Image via Bing
!

WHAT IS STRESS ?

Stress is the reaction, people have to
excessive pressures or other types of
demand placed upon them....
WHAT IS STRESS ?

Stress is the “wear and tear” our minds and
bodies experience as we attempt to cope
with our continually...
CHRONIC STRESS DIAGRAM

*Image via Bing
DEFINITION

S=P>R
Stress occurs when the pressure is greater than
the resource
What is ’Stress Management’?
The
art
of
taking
care
of
oneself
Physical Symptoms
of Stress
1. Physical Symptoms
Fa
ti
Sleep Pa

F

Dizz
ines
s

g
tin
a in

Swe

gu
e

g es
t t ern C h a...
FEELINGS of STRESS
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

Worry
Tense
Tired
Frightened
Elated
Depressed
Anxious
Anger

Why I feel sick?
REACTION TO STRESS

Greek Philosopher –
Epictetus

Men are disturbed not
by the things that
happen, but by their
opinion o...
WHAT ARE STRESSORS ?
Stressors are events that threaten
or challenge people.
STRESSORS
Become aware of your stressors
&
your emotional and physical reactions
TYPES OF STRESSORS
• External
• Internal
EXTERNAL STRESSORS
•
•
•
•
•

Physical Environment
Social Interaction
Organisational
Major Life Events
Daily Hassles

I go...
PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT
•
•
•
•

Noise
Strong Lights
Heat
Confined Spaces
SOCIAL INTERACTION
•
•
•
•

Rudeness
Continuous ‘Bossism’
Aggressive behaviours by others
Constant Bullying
ORGANISATIONAL
• Strict Rules & Regulations
• “Red – Tapism”
• Deadlines
MAJOR LIFE EVENTS
•
•
•
•
•

Birth
Death
Lost job
Promotion
Marital status
change
DAILY HASSLES
• Long Commuting
• Misplaced keys
• Mechanical breakdowns
INTERNAL STRESSORS
•
•
•
•

Choice of Lifestyle
Negative self - talk
Mind traps
Personality traits
LIFE STYLE CHOICES
• High Caffeine intake
• Lack of sleep
• Overloaded schedule
NEGATIVE SELF - TALK
• Pessimistic thinking
• Self- criticism
• Over analysing
MIND TRAPS
•
•
•
•
•

Unrealistic expectations
Taking things personally
Thinking too much
Exaggeration
Rigid thinking
PERSONALITY TRAITS
• Perfectionists
• Workaholics
TYPES OF STRESS
• Eustress – Positive

• Distress – Negative,
Commonly known
as STRESS
TYPES OF STRESS

• Negative stress
• Positive stress

Let me think…..
NEGATIVE STRESS
It is a contributory factor in minor
conditions, such as headaches, digestive
problems, skin complaints, i...
NEGATIVE STRESS CYCLE

*Image via Bing
POSITIVE STRESS
• Keeps you motivated
• Makes you perform
better under pressor
POSITIVE STRESS
Stress can also have a positive effect, like:
improving motivation and providing the
stimulation to cope w...
INDIVIDUAL LEVEL
Every person is different, with
different perceptions and reactions to
different events.
There is no sing...
PERSONAL STRESS
* Most of the stress we experience is selfgenerated.
* How we perceive life - whether an event
makes us fe...
SELF-GENERATED STRESS
Self-generated stress is something of a
paradox..
Recognising that we create most of our
own stress,...
Response To Stress

Dr. Hans Selye

1930’s

Dr. Walter Cannon

‘ Flight or Fight Response’
ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
Stress response is controlled by our
Endocrine System.
Demands on the physical or mental systems
of the b...
ENDOCRINE SYSTEM RESPONSES
•
•
•
•
•
•

Increased pupil dilation
Perspiration
Increased heart rate and blood pressure
Rapi...
GENERAL ADAPTATION SYNDROME

• Alarm response
• Adaptation
• Exhaustion
ALARM RESPONSE

This is the “ Fight or Flight” response that
prepares the body for immediate action.

*Image via Bing
ADAPTATION PHASE
If the source persists, the body prepares for
long-term protection, secreting hormones to
increase blood ...
EXHAUSTION
In chronic stress situations, sufferers enter
the exhaustion phase:
The body experiences ‘ adrenal exhaustion’
...
SYMPTOMS OF STRESS

•
•
•
•

Physical symptoms
Mental symptoms
Behavioural symptoms
Emotional symptoms
PHYSICAL SYMPTOMS
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

Sleep pattern changes
Fatigue
Loss of sexual drive
Headaches
Aches and pains
Infections
I...
MENTAL SYMPTOMS
•
•
•
•
•
•

Lack of concentration
Memory lapses
Difficulty in making decisions
Confusion
Disorientation
P...
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

BEHAVIOURAL SYMPTOMS
Appetite changes - too much or too little
Eating disorders - anorexia,
Increased intak...
EMOTIONAL SYMPTOMS
•
•
•
•
•

Bouts of depression
Impatience
Fits of rage
Fearfulness
Deterioration of personal hygiene.
STRESS RELATED ILLNESSES
Stress is not the same as ill-health, but
has been related to such illnesses as;
•
•
•
•

Cardiov...
Effects of Stress
•
•
•
•
•
•

Digestive disorders
Ulcers
Skin complaints - psoriasis
Headaches and migraines
Pre-menstrua...
COSTS OF STRESS
80% of all modern diseases have their
origins in stress.
Many working days per year are lost
directly from...
STRESS AT WORK

Stress at Work
WHY DO WE WORK ?

Work provides us income and fulfils a
variety of other needs; - mental and
physical exercise, social con...
FACTORS INFLUENCING WORK
STRESS
• The drive for success
• Changing work
patterns
• Working conditions
• Overwork
• Under-w...
THE DRIVE FOR SUCCESS
Society is driven by ‘work’, personal
adequacy equates with professional success,
we crave for statu...
CHANGING WORK PATTERNS
Many people feel lucky to have a job.
Unemployment, new technology affect
emotional and physical se...
WORKING CONDITIONS
Physical and mental health is adversely
affected by unpleasant working conditions,
such as high noise l...
OVERWORK

Stress may occur due to inability to cope
with the technical or intellectual demands of
a particular task.
Circu...
UNDERWORK

This may arise from boredom because there
is not enough to do, or because a job is dull
and repetitive.
UNCERTAINTY

Uncertainty about the individual’s work,
responsibilities, and a lack of
communication and feedback can resul...
CONFLICT
Stress can arise from work, which the
individual does not want to do or that
conflicts with their personal, socia...
RESPONSIBILITY

The greater the level of responsibility the
greater is the potential level of stress.
RELATIONSHIPS AT WORK

Good relationships with colleagues are
crucial. Open discussion is essential to
encourage positive ...
CHANGES AT WORK
Changes which alter psychological,
physiological and behavioural such as
promotion, retirement etc, are pa...
Summary
Work is important
Work Stresses - Heat, Noise
Job satisfaction
Responsibility
Relationships - Good / bad
Changes -...
Self - help
STRESS

Not all the stress we
experience is generated at
work !!
Causes of Stress
• External Stresses
• Internal Stresses
External Stresses - Organisational
Company take over
Reductions / layoffs
Major reorganisation
Employee benefit cuts
Workl...
External Stresses - Major Life Events
Death of a loved one
Divorce / separation
Injury/illness ( self /
family )
Marriage/...
RECOGNISE THE PROBLEM
The most important point is to recognise the
source of the negative stress.
And then, take measures ...
STRESS CONTROL
A B C STRATEGY
ABC STRATEGY

A = AWARENESS

What causes you stress?
How do you react?
ABC STRATEGY

B = BALANCE
There is a fine line between positive /
negative stress
How much can you cope with before it
bec...
ABC STRATEGY

C = CONTROL
What can you do to help yourself combat the
negative effects of stress ?
MANAGING STRESS

– Our goal is not to eliminate
stress but to learn how to
manage and use it
– to help us.
Stress Management Techniques
How can I get rid of stress?

• Change your thinking
• Change your behaviour
• Change your li...
Change your Thinking
• Re-framing

• Positive thinking
Re-framing
* Re-framing is a technique to
change the way you look at things in order
to feel better about them.
* Re-frami...
Positive Thinking
Forget powerlessness, dejection, despair,
failure
Stress leaves us vulnerable to negative
suggestion, so...
Change your Behaviour
•
•
•
•

Be assertive
Get organised
Use Humour
Diversion and distraction

Oh, - really
Be Assertive
Assertiveness helps to manage stressful
situations, and will , in time, help to reduce
their frequency.
The k...
Equality and Basic Rights
1) The right to express my feelings
2) The right to express opinions / beliefs
3) The right to s...
Equality & Basic Rights
7) The right to make reasonable requests of
others
8) The right to set my own priorities
Being Assertive
Being assertive involves standing up for
your personal rights and expressing your
thoughts, feelings and b...
Assertive People
•
•
•
•

Respect yourself and others
Take responsibility for actions and choices
Ask openly for what they...
Assertive Skills
•
•
•
•
•

Establish good eye contact / don’t stare
Stand or sit comfortably - don’t fidget
Talk in a fir...
Benefits
•
•
•
•
•

Higher self-esteem
Less self-conscious
Manage stress more successfully
Appreciate yourself and others ...
Time Management
• Make a list
What MUST be done
What SHOULD be done
What would you LIKE to do
• Cut out time wasting
• Lea...
Time Management

• Plan your day
• Set achievable goals
• Don’t waste time making excuses for not
doing something
Ventilation
‘A problem shared is a problem halved’
Develop a support network through friends
or colleagues to talk with. I...
Humour
•
•
•
•
•

Good stress - reducer
Applies at home and work
Relieves muscular tension
Improves breathing
Pumps endorp...
Diversion and Distraction
•
•
•
•
•
•

Take time out
Get away from things that bother you
Doesn’t solve the problem
Reduce...
Change Your Lifestyle
•
•
•
•
•
•

Diet
Smoking & Alcohol
Exercise
Sleep
Leisure
Relaxation
DIET
• Eat a healthy diet.
• Avoid Caffine (stimulant)
• Take less salt
Stress Friendly Diet
• Eat fresh fruits
•
•
•
•
•
•

Take regular meals
Eat slowly
Eat variety of foods
Take enough fluids...
Smoking and Alcohol
• Moderate your consumption
Benefits of Exercise
• Uses up excess energy released by the
‘Fight or Flight’ reaction.
• Improves blood circulation
• Lo...
Sleep
• Good stress reducer
• Difficult to cope when tired
• Wake refreshed after night’s sleep
• Plenty of daytime energy
Leisure
• Interest
• Gives you a ‘break’ from stresses
• Provides outlet for relief
• Provides social contact
Benefits of Relaxation
• Lowers blood pressure
• Combats fatigue
• Promotes sleep
• Reduces pain
• Eases muscle tension
Benefits of Relaxation
* Decreases mental worries
* Increases concentration
• Increases productivity
• Increases clear thi...
Tips to Handle Stress
• Work smarter, not harder
• Carry reading material with you.
• Accept the fact that time will be sp...
Tips to Handle Stress
• Always maintain a short task list.
• Continually ask yourself ”What is the best
use of my time rig...
Any Question?
Thank you
By – N.G.Palit
At the End
If you liked this presentation, please feel
free to send your valuable feedback to me
at nandapalit@yahoo.co.in
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What is stress? Stress is a part of being alive. A total absence of stress can be achieved only in death. Stress is the "wear and tear" our minds and bodies experience.
Stress occurs when the pressure is greater than the resource. 80% of all modern diseases originate from 'stress'.
"Stress Management" is the art of taking care of oneself. So, become aware of your stressors and your physical and emotional reactions.
Our aim is not to eliminate stress but to learn how to manage and use it to help us.

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Stress management by -n.g.palit

  1. 1. STRESS MANAGEMENT By N.G.Palit
  2. 2. FIRST Let us understand what is Stress?
  3. 3. STRESS • Stress is a part of being alive. • The only time there is a total absence of stress is in death.
  4. 4. STRESS • Stress becomes a problem, when we have too much stress and are unable to cope with it. *Image via Bing
  5. 5. ! WHAT IS STRESS ? Stress is the reaction, people have to excessive pressures or other types of demand placed upon them. It arises when they worry which they are unable to cope up with.
  6. 6. WHAT IS STRESS ? Stress is the “wear and tear” our minds and bodies experience as we attempt to cope with our continually changing environment
  7. 7. CHRONIC STRESS DIAGRAM *Image via Bing
  8. 8. DEFINITION S=P>R Stress occurs when the pressure is greater than the resource
  9. 9. What is ’Stress Management’? The art of taking care of oneself
  10. 10. Physical Symptoms of Stress 1. Physical Symptoms Fa ti Sleep Pa F Dizz ines s g tin a in Swe gu e g es t t ern C h a n P t lpi a n tio a es Chang on Digesti ain and P Aches s He tbea s ed H ea r M is ada c ts atin gA Br ea he nd th Tre m les sn e ss blin g
  11. 11. FEELINGS of STRESS • • • • • • • • Worry Tense Tired Frightened Elated Depressed Anxious Anger Why I feel sick?
  12. 12. REACTION TO STRESS Greek Philosopher – Epictetus Men are disturbed not by the things that happen, but by their opinion of the things that happen. The manner in which you choose to interpret, react to and handle a perceived stress can very often be far more damaging to you than the actual stress could ever be on its own.
  13. 13. WHAT ARE STRESSORS ? Stressors are events that threaten or challenge people.
  14. 14. STRESSORS Become aware of your stressors & your emotional and physical reactions
  15. 15. TYPES OF STRESSORS • External • Internal
  16. 16. EXTERNAL STRESSORS • • • • • Physical Environment Social Interaction Organisational Major Life Events Daily Hassles I got the answer
  17. 17. PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT • • • • Noise Strong Lights Heat Confined Spaces
  18. 18. SOCIAL INTERACTION • • • • Rudeness Continuous ‘Bossism’ Aggressive behaviours by others Constant Bullying
  19. 19. ORGANISATIONAL • Strict Rules & Regulations • “Red – Tapism” • Deadlines
  20. 20. MAJOR LIFE EVENTS • • • • • Birth Death Lost job Promotion Marital status change
  21. 21. DAILY HASSLES • Long Commuting • Misplaced keys • Mechanical breakdowns
  22. 22. INTERNAL STRESSORS • • • • Choice of Lifestyle Negative self - talk Mind traps Personality traits
  23. 23. LIFE STYLE CHOICES • High Caffeine intake • Lack of sleep • Overloaded schedule
  24. 24. NEGATIVE SELF - TALK • Pessimistic thinking • Self- criticism • Over analysing
  25. 25. MIND TRAPS • • • • • Unrealistic expectations Taking things personally Thinking too much Exaggeration Rigid thinking
  26. 26. PERSONALITY TRAITS • Perfectionists • Workaholics
  27. 27. TYPES OF STRESS • Eustress – Positive • Distress – Negative, Commonly known as STRESS
  28. 28. TYPES OF STRESS • Negative stress • Positive stress Let me think…..
  29. 29. NEGATIVE STRESS It is a contributory factor in minor conditions, such as headaches, digestive problems, skin complaints, insomnia and ulcers.
  30. 30. NEGATIVE STRESS CYCLE *Image via Bing
  31. 31. POSITIVE STRESS • Keeps you motivated • Makes you perform better under pressor
  32. 32. POSITIVE STRESS Stress can also have a positive effect, like: improving motivation and providing the stimulation to cope with challenging situations. Stress also provides the sense of urgency.
  33. 33. INDIVIDUAL LEVEL Every person is different, with different perceptions and reactions to different events. There is no single level of stress for all people. Some are more sensitive owing to childhood experiences, or the influences of teachers, parents and religion etc.
  34. 34. PERSONAL STRESS * Most of the stress we experience is selfgenerated. * How we perceive life - whether an event makes us feel encouraged or discouraged, happy or sad – depends to a large extent on how we perceive ourselves.
  35. 35. SELF-GENERATED STRESS Self-generated stress is something of a paradox.. Recognising that we create most of our own stress, is the first step towards coping with them.
  36. 36. Response To Stress Dr. Hans Selye 1930’s Dr. Walter Cannon ‘ Flight or Fight Response’
  37. 37. ENDOCRINE SYSTEM Stress response is controlled by our Endocrine System. Demands on the physical or mental systems of the body, result in hormone secretion (Adrenaline, testosterone)
  38. 38. ENDOCRINE SYSTEM RESPONSES • • • • • • Increased pupil dilation Perspiration Increased heart rate and blood pressure Rapid breathing Tenseness of muscle Increased mental alertness
  39. 39. GENERAL ADAPTATION SYNDROME • Alarm response • Adaptation • Exhaustion
  40. 40. ALARM RESPONSE This is the “ Fight or Flight” response that prepares the body for immediate action. *Image via Bing
  41. 41. ADAPTATION PHASE If the source persists, the body prepares for long-term protection, secreting hormones to increase blood sugar levels. Fatigue, concentration lapses, irritability and lethargy result as the stress turns negative.
  42. 42. EXHAUSTION In chronic stress situations, sufferers enter the exhaustion phase: The body experiences ‘ adrenal exhaustion’ leading to decreased stress tolerance, progressive mental and physical exhaustion, illness and collapse.
  43. 43. SYMPTOMS OF STRESS • • • • Physical symptoms Mental symptoms Behavioural symptoms Emotional symptoms
  44. 44. PHYSICAL SYMPTOMS • • • • • • • Sleep pattern changes Fatigue Loss of sexual drive Headaches Aches and pains Infections Indigestion • • • • Dizziness Fainting Sweating & trembling Tingling of hands & feet • Breathlessness • Palpitations • Missed heartbeats
  45. 45. MENTAL SYMPTOMS • • • • • • Lack of concentration Memory lapses Difficulty in making decisions Confusion Disorientation Panic attacks *Image via Bing
  46. 46. • • • • • • • BEHAVIOURAL SYMPTOMS Appetite changes - too much or too little Eating disorders - anorexia, Increased intake of alcohol & other drugs Increased smoking Restlessness Fidgeting Nail biting
  47. 47. EMOTIONAL SYMPTOMS • • • • • Bouts of depression Impatience Fits of rage Fearfulness Deterioration of personal hygiene.
  48. 48. STRESS RELATED ILLNESSES Stress is not the same as ill-health, but has been related to such illnesses as; • • • • Cardiovascular disease Immune system disease Asthma Diabetes
  49. 49. Effects of Stress • • • • • • Digestive disorders Ulcers Skin complaints - psoriasis Headaches and migraines Pre-menstrual syndrome Depression
  50. 50. COSTS OF STRESS 80% of all modern diseases have their origins in stress. Many working days per year are lost directly from stress - related illness.
  51. 51. STRESS AT WORK Stress at Work
  52. 52. WHY DO WE WORK ? Work provides us income and fulfils a variety of other needs; - mental and physical exercise, social contact, a feeling of self-worth and competence.
  53. 53. FACTORS INFLUENCING WORK STRESS • The drive for success • Changing work patterns • Working conditions • Overwork • Under-work • • • • • Uncertainty Conflict Responsibility Relationships at work Change at work
  54. 54. THE DRIVE FOR SUCCESS Society is driven by ‘work’, personal adequacy equates with professional success, we crave for status and hate failure. Our culture demands monetary success / professional status.
  55. 55. CHANGING WORK PATTERNS Many people feel lucky to have a job. Unemployment, new technology affect emotional and physical security. No more life-long jobs, more short - term contracts. Financial and emotional burnout is increasing at all levels.
  56. 56. WORKING CONDITIONS Physical and mental health is adversely affected by unpleasant working conditions, such as high noise levels, lighting, temperature and unsocial or excessive hours.
  57. 57. OVERWORK Stress may occur due to inability to cope with the technical or intellectual demands of a particular task. Circumstances such as long hours, unrealistic deadlines may compound this.
  58. 58. UNDERWORK This may arise from boredom because there is not enough to do, or because a job is dull and repetitive.
  59. 59. UNCERTAINTY Uncertainty about the individual’s work, responsibilities, and a lack of communication and feedback can result in confusion, helplessness, and stress.
  60. 60. CONFLICT Stress can arise from work, which the individual does not want to do or that conflicts with their personal, social and family values.
  61. 61. RESPONSIBILITY The greater the level of responsibility the greater is the potential level of stress.
  62. 62. RELATIONSHIPS AT WORK Good relationships with colleagues are crucial. Open discussion is essential to encourage positive relationships.
  63. 63. CHANGES AT WORK Changes which alter psychological, physiological and behavioural such as promotion, retirement etc, are particularly stressful.
  64. 64. Summary Work is important Work Stresses - Heat, Noise Job satisfaction Responsibility Relationships - Good / bad Changes - long / short term
  65. 65. Self - help
  66. 66. STRESS Not all the stress we experience is generated at work !!
  67. 67. Causes of Stress • External Stresses • Internal Stresses
  68. 68. External Stresses - Organisational Company take over Reductions / layoffs Major reorganisation Employee benefit cuts Workloads vary Fast paced work React to changes Insufficient resources Low Pay Technology changes Workplace conditions
  69. 69. External Stresses - Major Life Events Death of a loved one Divorce / separation Injury/illness ( self / family ) Marriage/ engagement Loss of job Retirement Sexual Problems Change in financial status Change of job / work Change in responsibilities Shifting of house
  70. 70. RECOGNISE THE PROBLEM The most important point is to recognise the source of the negative stress. And then, take measures to overcome it.
  71. 71. STRESS CONTROL A B C STRATEGY
  72. 72. ABC STRATEGY A = AWARENESS What causes you stress? How do you react?
  73. 73. ABC STRATEGY B = BALANCE There is a fine line between positive / negative stress How much can you cope with before it becomes negative ?
  74. 74. ABC STRATEGY C = CONTROL What can you do to help yourself combat the negative effects of stress ?
  75. 75. MANAGING STRESS – Our goal is not to eliminate stress but to learn how to manage and use it – to help us.
  76. 76. Stress Management Techniques How can I get rid of stress? • Change your thinking • Change your behaviour • Change your lifestyle
  77. 77. Change your Thinking • Re-framing • Positive thinking
  78. 78. Re-framing * Re-framing is a technique to change the way you look at things in order to feel better about them. * Re-framing does not change the external reality, but helps you to view things in a different light which is less stressful.
  79. 79. Positive Thinking Forget powerlessness, dejection, despair, failure Stress leaves us vulnerable to negative suggestion, so focus on positives; • Focus on your strengths • Look for the opportunities • Seek out the positive, & make changes.
  80. 80. Change your Behaviour • • • • Be assertive Get organised Use Humour Diversion and distraction Oh, - really
  81. 81. Be Assertive Assertiveness helps to manage stressful situations, and will , in time, help to reduce their frequency. The key to assertiveness is verbal and non verbal communication. .
  82. 82. Equality and Basic Rights 1) The right to express my feelings 2) The right to express opinions / beliefs 3) The right to say ‘Yes/No’ for yourself 4) Right to change your mind 5) Right to say ‘I don’t understand’ 6) Right to be yourself, not acting for the benefit of others
  83. 83. Equality & Basic Rights 7) The right to make reasonable requests of others 8) The right to set my own priorities
  84. 84. Being Assertive Being assertive involves standing up for your personal rights and expressing your thoughts, feelings and beliefs directly, in ways that don’t infringe the rights of others.
  85. 85. Assertive People • • • • Respect yourself and others Take responsibility for actions and choices Ask openly for what they want Self - confidence remains intact
  86. 86. Assertive Skills • • • • • Establish good eye contact / don’t stare Stand or sit comfortably - don’t fidget Talk in a firm, steady voice Use positive body language Concise and to the point
  87. 87. Benefits • • • • • Higher self-esteem Less self-conscious Manage stress more successfully Appreciate yourself and others more easily Feeling of self-control
  88. 88. Time Management • Make a list What MUST be done What SHOULD be done What would you LIKE to do • Cut out time wasting • Learn to drop unimportant activities • Learn to say ‘No’ where required
  89. 89. Time Management • Plan your day • Set achievable goals • Don’t waste time making excuses for not doing something
  90. 90. Ventilation ‘A problem shared is a problem halved’ Develop a support network through friends or colleagues to talk with. It’s not always events that are stressful but how we perceive them. Writing a diary or notes may help release feelings but do not re-read what has been written.
  91. 91. Humour • • • • • Good stress - reducer Applies at home and work Relieves muscular tension Improves breathing Pumps endorphins into the bloodstream the body’s natural painkillers
  92. 92. Diversion and Distraction • • • • • • Take time out Get away from things that bother you Doesn’t solve the problem Reduce stress level Calm down Think logically
  93. 93. Change Your Lifestyle • • • • • • Diet Smoking & Alcohol Exercise Sleep Leisure Relaxation
  94. 94. DIET • Eat a healthy diet. • Avoid Caffine (stimulant) • Take less salt
  95. 95. Stress Friendly Diet • Eat fresh fruits • • • • • • Take regular meals Eat slowly Eat variety of foods Take enough fluids Eat food with fiber Resist the temptation to overeat.
  96. 96. Smoking and Alcohol • Moderate your consumption
  97. 97. Benefits of Exercise • Uses up excess energy released by the ‘Fight or Flight’ reaction. • Improves blood circulation • Lowers blood pressure • Clears the mind of worrying thoughts • Improves self image • Makes you feel better about yourself • Increases social contact
  98. 98. Sleep • Good stress reducer • Difficult to cope when tired • Wake refreshed after night’s sleep • Plenty of daytime energy
  99. 99. Leisure • Interest • Gives you a ‘break’ from stresses • Provides outlet for relief • Provides social contact
  100. 100. Benefits of Relaxation • Lowers blood pressure • Combats fatigue • Promotes sleep • Reduces pain • Eases muscle tension
  101. 101. Benefits of Relaxation * Decreases mental worries * Increases concentration • Increases productivity • Increases clear thinking
  102. 102. Tips to Handle Stress • Work smarter, not harder • Carry reading material with you. • Accept the fact that time will be spent on activities outside your control. • Record daily activities, achievements, goals, sources of delay, and time wasted to realize hidden opportunities.
  103. 103. Tips to Handle Stress • Always maintain a short task list. • Continually ask yourself ”What is the best use of my time right now”? • Be physically active to relieve tension. • Make quick decisions. • Carefully mix work & breaks. • Have a positive attitude. • Relax.
  104. 104. Any Question?
  105. 105. Thank you By – N.G.Palit
  106. 106. At the End If you liked this presentation, please feel free to send your valuable feedback to me at nandapalit@yahoo.co.in

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