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Scale-free social networks in Ukrainian democratic movement since 1976

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Scale-free social networks maintain the crucial role in sustainability of democratic movement in Ukraine since the establishment of Ukrainian Helsinki Group in 1976.

Publié dans : Technologie
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Scale-free social networks in Ukrainian democratic movement since 1976

  1. 1. Scale-free social networks in Ukrainian democratic movement since 1976 Presentation for the International Symposium "Three Revolutions – Portraits of Ukraine„ 1 March 2017, Natolin campus of the College of Europe in Warsaw
  2. 2. Scale-free networks Complex network degree distribution of random and scale-free Social Entrepreneurship. Theory and Practice. Ryszard Praszkier, Andrzej Nowak. Random network Small worlds with weak ties Scale-free network
  3. 3. Fragile hierarchies The structure and function of complex networks. M. E. J. Newman Hierarchical organization in complex networks. Erzsebet Ravasz and Albert-Laszlo Barabasi
  4. 4. Fault tolerance and resilience
  5. 5. Mediation-driven attachment model Social networks can be presented as graphs and described by formulas
  6. 6. Social Entrepreneurship. Theory and Practice. Ryszard Praszkier, Andrzej Nowak. Cambridge Vibrant network
  7. 7. Major development problem Most Ukr.Dem.Nets had created •no identity (no name) •no social capital •no memory
  8. 8. Why Ukr.Dem.Nets evolved? • Created for countering existential threat • Goal seemed unreachable • “We cannot possibly win, but we should fight” • Dissidents’ toast „For the success of our hopeless cause”
  9. 9. After the victory Ukr.Dem.Nets tried to prolong its existence after the goal was achieved, but degraded according to the same scenario. Why? Community detection in graphs. Santo Fortunato
  10. 10. Ukr.Dem.Nets connectivity problems
  11. 11. But the war goes on… Ukr.Dem.Nets transformed into volunteer networks, which are mostly ego-networks.
  12. 12. (c) Steve Borgatti MGT 780 Social Network Analysis
  13. 13. Structural holes Structural Holes and Good Ideas. Ronald S Burt.
  14. 14. Connectors are needed Ukr.Dem.Nets were connectors, bridges, social intermediaries for Ukrainian society We propose Social Intermediary is a new institution to fill the structural holes
  15. 15. Social intermediary concept Social intermediary as an expert on preparation and organization of inclusive multi-stakeholder social dialogues in local communities in zones of ongoing or potential violent conflicts.
  16. 16. Oleksa Tykhyj (1927 - 1984), one of founders of Ukrainian Helsinki Group, political prisoner, school teacher from Donbas. Oleksa Tykhyj Avenue - facilitating co-decision of local councils of 5 towns of Kramatorsk agglomeration and Donetsk oblast regional administration to give a name of a
  17. 17. Social Intermediaries as connectors
  18. 18. Alumni achievements They created new practices of dialogues and joint activities on community security and sustainable development, integration of internally displaced persons and displaced universities into local communities, psychological rehabilitation of victims of war, civil education, cooperation between civil and military.
  19. 19. Who knows this man?
  20. 20. Who knows this man? Vasyl Ovsienko, political prisoner, member of Ukrainian Helsinki Group from 1977, participant of all the three revolutions and all Maidans.
  21. 21. Mapping the majority
  22. 22. Who is she?
  23. 23. Further research ideas •Mapping social networks of participants of all 3R  My hypothesis – Ukr.Dem.Nets were better connected and had lower homophily (more diversity) than average •Studying the role of anti-development groups in Ukr.Dem.Nets
  24. 24. Next step
  25. 25. Arrival Language is the foundation of civilization. It is the glue that holds a people together. It is the first weapon drawn in a conflict.
  26. 26. Nataliya ZubarNataliya Zubar Maidan Monitoring Information Center, Chair Kharkiv, Ukraine Email: pani@maidan.org.ua Phone: +38 068 550 6687 Twitter: @nataliezubar @contact@contact