Définition des altmetrics, plusieurs exemples d'API disponibles, limitations et contexte.
Ensemble des méthodes de mesure, d’analyse et de suivi de la communication savante basées sur le Web social.
DOI: Digital Object Identifier
API=Interface de programme d’application
Each day, scholarly articles receive ~15,000 new mentions across social media, news, and blogs. That’s 1 mention every 7 seconds!
Each week, ~20,000 unique articles are shared.
Majorité des mentions colligées: tweets (4 millions pointant vers 1 million d’articles, 2013-2014)
National Information Standards Organization: Phase 2 Projects
Development of specific definitions for alternative assessment metrics – This working group will come up with specific definitions for the terms commonly used in alternative assessment metrics, enabling different stakeholders to talk about the same thing. This work will also lay the groundwork for the other working groups.
Definitions for appropriate metrics and calculation methodologies for specific output types – Research outputs that are currently underrepresented in research evaluation will be the focus of this working group. This includes research data, software, and performances, but also research outputs commonly found in the social sciences. The working group will come up with recommendations for appropriate metrics for these research outputs and will develop guidelines for their use.
Development of strategies to improve data quality through source data providers – Data quality is essential before any alternative assessment metrics can be used for research evaluation. This working group will look at issues of data quality and will recommend strategies to overcome these issues, or to clarify the limitations of particular assessment metrics.
Promotion and facilitation of use of persistent identifiers in scholarly communications – Persistent identifiers are needed to clearly identify research outputs for which collection of metrics is desired, but also to describe their relationships to other research outputs, to contributors, institutions, and funders. This working group will work closely with other initiatives in the space of identifiers.
Descriptions of how the main use cases apply to and are valuable to the different stakeholder groups – Alternative assessment metrics can be used for a variety of use cases from research evaluation to discovery. This working group will try to identify the main use cases, the stakeholder groups to which they are most relevant, and will also develop a statement about the role of alternative assessment metrics in research evaluation.
La bibliométrie peut être définie comme « l’application des mathématiques et des méthodes statistiques aux livres, articles et autres moyens de communication ». Wikipédia, https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bibliom%C3%A9trie