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Paris Presentation

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ile de la cite, left bank, right bank

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Paris Presentation

  1. 1. Paris <ul><li>Île de la Cité </li><ul><li>an island in the center </li></ul></ul>of the Seine River <ul><ul><li>site of the city’s earliest </li></ul></ul> settlements <ul><ul><ul><li>Parisii, a Celtic </li></ul></ul></ul>people who settled in the 3rd century bc. <ul><ul><ul><li>first noted in Roman </li></ul></ul></ul>general Julius Caesar’s commentary on the Gallic Wars written in probably 51 or 50 b.c.,describing Roman conquest of the city in 52 b.c. <ul><ul><ul><ul><li>during the Roman occupation, the city (settlement) was called Lutetia
  2. 2. became a substantial Roman city during the 1st century a.d., spreading to what is now the Latin Quarter on the Left Bank, with a forum, two amphitheaters, an aqueduct, and baths. Some of these Roman structures still stand in the Left Bank, including baths, notably the Thermes de Cluny </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><ul><li>collapse of the Roman empire (@ 400a.d.) and the fifth-century Germanic invasions sent the city (Lutetia) into decline </li><ul><li>reclaimed the name “Paris” towards the end of the Roman occupation
  4. 4. largely abandoned, the population retreated to (a fortified) Île de la Cité
  5. 5. the Frankish (Germanic tribe) king Clovis I established Paris as his capital in 508 a.d. </li><ul><li>the western part of the Île de la Cité remained the home to the kings of France through the 14 th century.
  6. 6. the medieval palace was largely replaced by the massive 19th-century Palais de Justice (at left below) and the Conciergerie </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. western Île de la Cité - Conciergerie picturesque, maybe... but the Conciergerie was the &quot;antechamber to the guillotine&quot; <ul><ul><ul><li>within a 25 month period, between between April 1793 and 31 May 1795 nearly 2,600 people were sent to the guillotine, including Marie Antoinette
  8. 8. The three pointed towers at center are remnants of the medieval palace, with the furthest tower, the Bonbec, having housed the torture chamber </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. eastern Île de la Cité – Notre Dame <ul><ul><li>the eastern side of the Île de la Cité is the spiritual center of France, represented by the Gothic cathedral of Notre Dame </li><ul><li>“ Our Lady”
  10. 10. begun 1163 a.d.
  11. 11. on the site of an ancient monument to the Roman god Jupiter </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 13. <ul><ul><ul><li>shared the eastern Île de la Cité with many other churches until the square was significantly remodeled in the 19 th century </li><ul><li>first (enlarged) by Napolean Bonaparte for his coronation as Emperor (1804)
  13. 14. then by Georges Eugène Haussmann under Napolean III (reigned 1852-70) </li><ul><li>the present aspect of Île de la Cité is largely due to Haussmann, who cleared most of its old streets, mansions and churches. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 15. What's with the 19 th century? <ul><ul><li>Haussmann extensively redesigned Paris </li><ul><li>large sections of medieval Paris were swept away by his rebuilding.
  15. 16. most of central Paris as seen today, with broad avenues and six-story buildings, is Haussmann’s legacy </li><ul><li>Not only aesthetic, but strategic, civil aim </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 18. Left or Right Bank? <ul><li>“ arrondissements” 1-20 </li><ul><li>refers to “ neighborhoods ”
  17. 19. arrondissements 5,6,7,13,14,15 are “Left Bank” (smaller than “Right Bank”) </li><ul><li>left of the Seine River and Île de la Cité when facing upstream (actually south)
  18. 20. the Latin Quarter is found in the 5 th and 6 th arrondissements </li><ul><li>called such because from </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>medieval times, when universities arose, through the late eighteenth century, latin was the official language of learning <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>the University of Paris is </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>the oldest university in Europe (early 1200s a.d.) <ul><ul><ul><li>Montparnasse neiborhood is </li></ul></ul></ul>found in the 14 th arrondissement <ul><ul><ul><ul><li>artistic center of Paris in the </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>first half of the 20 th century
  19. 21. Left Bank - Thermes de Cluny <ul><li>Roman bathhouse </li><ul><li>constructed around the beginning of the 3rd century (200 a.d.)
  20. 22. ruins constitute about one-third of a once massive bath complex
  21. 23. baths were freely open to the public and a means of romanizing the ancient Gauls
  22. 24. Julian the Apostate (the last non-Christian ruler of the Roman Empire) was proclaimed Emperor in the Thermes de Cluny in February 360 a.d.
  23. 25. conveniently located across the street from Starbucks
  24. 26. In Latin Quarter (of Left Bank) </li></ul></ul>
  25. 27. Left Bank – Eiffel Tower designed and built by the French civil engineer Alexandre-Gustave Eiffel for the Paris World's Fair of 1889
  26. 28. Where is it? (everywhere)
  27. 29. Left Bank – Les Invalides & Napoleon's Tomb Built between1670 and 1676 as a combination hospital for soldiers and a sort of retirement home for retired soldiers, known as a “hôpital des invalides” (hospital for invalids).
  28. 30. <ul><li>the most recognizable feature of Les Invalides- the gold-capped dome - was added a few years later as a private royal chapel for King Louis XIV.
  29. 31. although he died in 1821, it wasn’t until 1840 that Napolean Bonaparte's body was moved from the island of Saint Helena to Les Invalides. Then it wasn’t until 1861 that Napoleon’s remains were moved to their present location under the dome. </li></ul>
  30. 32. Left Bank – Musee d'Orsay <ul><li>occupies the former Gare d’Orsay, a train station built at the turn of the 20th century and served as the Paris station for trains coming from southern France until 1939. </li><ul><li>continued to be used for smaller and more local trains until the station was closed in 1973.
  31. 33. in 1977, the French government began converting the building into the Musee d’Orsay, which opened in 1986.
  32. 34. houses works created between 1848 and 1914 </li></ul></ul>
  33. 36. we 'll have our own guide for this as well as all other museums on our trip
  34. 42. Left or Right Bank? <ul><li>“ arrondissements” 1-20 </li><ul><li>refers to “ neighborhoods ”
  35. 43. Arrondissements 1, 2, 3, 4, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 16, 17, 18, 19 and 20 are “Right Bank” (larger than “Left Bank”) </li><ul><li>right of the Seine River and Île de la Cité when facing upstream (actually north) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  36. 44. The “Upper Crust” <ul><ul><li>“ upper crust” refers to the wealthy who traditionally inhabited the Right Bank </li><ul><li>in part due to the elevation and the relative lesser odor as compared to that which accumulated on the Left Bank prior to more modern sanitation
  37. 45. The french term “gauche”, describing someone or something who is awkward, crude, or unsophisticated literally just means “left” and is a remnant of the historical class distinctions between those of the Right and Left Banks </li></ul></ul></ul>
  38. 46. Right Bank – Avenue des Champs-Elysees <ul><li>most famous street in Paris </li><ul><li>name mean “Elysian Fields” </li><ul><li>reference to Greek mythology, and refers to the part of the Underworld where virtuous souls rested for all eternity
  39. 47. home of the Arc de Triomphe </li><ul><li>Arch of Titus (you'll see it in Rome) inspired Napoleon to build this 19th-century tribute to his ‘Grande Armee’
  40. 48. built 1806-1836
  41. 49. unknown soldiers tomb added in 1921. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  42. 50. Right Bank – Louvre
  43. 51. <ul><li>until 1682 a residence of the kings of France, is one of the largest palaces in the world </li><ul><li>occupies the site of a 13th-century fortress
  44. 52. covers 48 acres </li></ul><li>glass pyramid entrance designed by American architect I.M. Pei </li></ul>
  45. 57. Right Bank – Sacre Coeur <ul><li>Constructed between 1875 and 1914 </li><ul><li>travertine stone that makes up the basilica contains a substance which keeps it sparkling white
  46. 58. By having a church hovering just above the Pigalle district, it was hoped that some of the holiness might rub off on the wilder side of Paris. It didn’t really work. The Moulin Rouge is still going strong and Pigalle is still considered the ‘Red Light district’ of Paris. </li></ul></ul>
  47. 59. Right Bank – Centre Pompidou named for former French President Georges Pompidou who governed in the early 1970s, was started in 1971 but not completed until 1977.
  48. 60. Right and Left Banks – there's art in the streets!