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Innovative security for improved E- Governance Gis system

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  1. 1. INNOVATIVE SECURITY FOR IMPROVED E- GOVERNANCE GIS SYSTEM Jun 26, 2019 Niharika Dhandhukiya 1 Prepared by: Niharika Dhandhukiya
  2. 2. Contents • Abstract • Introduction • GIS systems • Architectural model for server security • Aggregation of data and clustering • Best practices of E- Governance system • Gap analysis • Problem Statement • Conclusion • References Jun 26, 2019 Niharika Dhandhukiya 2
  3. 3. Introduction • E Governance system refers government system • common people and • government is involved • Betterment of the society and country. • E- governance provides a best solution  information could easily be obtained. • Tremendous exchange of information. • The data could be obtained in a fraction of time. • The load balancing plays an important role for maintenance of the site. [1] • During peak time there is instant need to maintain load balance and thus dynamic load balancing is needed. [1] • E- government plan is been executed by different sates according to the need and different outcomes are also been carried out. • From maintaining its sources in education sector to the business change on the quality of service provided to the citizens.[2] Jun 26, 2019 Niharika Dhandhukiya 3
  4. 4. Introduction • For the services to provide on the cloud platform three different types of cloud service providers are there which are: • Infrastructure as a Service • Platform as a service and • Software as a service • Physical machines load balancing becomes a difficult task for maintenance. • Once the infrastructure and services are setup then it becomes easier to develop different kinds of database where different information could be stored. • GIS plays an important role in E-Governance system because most important information could be gathered using such systems. • Tracking of data, geographical location information, route tracing and analysis of it could be done easily while entering the information in the database. Jun 26, 2019 Niharika Dhandhukiya 4
  5. 5. GIS Systems • The GIS systems analyses and visualizes the relations and patterns of geographic information systems. • Better utilization of resources and improved services • The GIS systems are fusion of • supporting the information technology as well as • communicating the geographic sphere. • Geomatics helps in projects like land development • Study of resources would be carried out for gathering complete information for future developmental plans. • GIS compatible data could be used for various other processes in terms of land resource management. • The details of Adhar card, income tax certifications and many more details are now being stored on the cloud platform.[5] • GIS implementation is such a thing and scheduled planning is to be required for decision making. • GIS handles all the related maps functionality and provides information with maps.[7] • All the aspects mentioned plays a vital role in the governmental management GIS applications.[7] Jun 26, 2019 Niharika Dhandhukiya 5
  6. 6. GIS Systems Jun 26, 2019 Niharika Dhandhukiya 6 Figure 1.1: Aggregation and Segregation of Data
  7. 7. GIS Systems • The data which comes from the user are mainly in segregated form as shown in figure 1.1 • During the aggregation time all the data would be collected and then would be allocated to different servers. • Here different kind of data based on the analysis is separated. • In any of the servers locations would be steered. • Thus here the GIS services are applied. • In the GIS images mostly of the format .JPEG, .JIF, .BMP is stored. • Applications related to GIS are: • Regional planning for urban and rural development • Land management and its resources for better utilization. • Property and real estates management • planning for the housing and property management. • Planning for the municipal facilities management and • management of day to day basic needs Vehicular traffic management and controlling of the emergency traffic management.[7] Jun 26, 2019 Niharika Dhandhukiya 7
  8. 8. Architectural model for Server security • Use of the different servers for the aggregation and segregation purpose. • The software platform divides into such parts as:[8] • Application tools, • Application servers, • Cloud platforms, • Real time data module • Tools can be used for the spatial analysis of input and output operation for editing, processing and analyzing the request. • The real time data insertion model uses a user friendly design for the display. • A uniform system in structure design, database design, modularized functional design and component development method can be implanted to GIS for the setup. • The database could be managed on the cloud.[9] • The management model is per the SAAS model. Jun 26, 2019 Niharika Dhandhukiya 8
  9. 9. Architectural model for server security Jun 26, 2019 Niharika Dhandhukiya 9 Fig : Feed forward Neural Network [2] Figure 1.2: Server Management Model
  10. 10. Load balancing in Cloud Computing Jun 26, 2019 Niharika Dhandhukiya 10 • Load balancing plays a vital role in performance of the system maintain high performance and better response.[10] • Load balancing is a process where load is divided among various nodes and each node is compatible to handle required amount of load either dynamically or statically. [10] • Specified amount of load is loaded and • fixed amount of traffic is to be divided equally among the various layers in the servers. • Some times the load may get increased or decreased and unbalance may get created. • Unevenly distributed load may raise some issues.[11] • In dynamic load balancing technique the load balances on its own and thus the time gets decreased while processing requests. • Handling load the current state of the system is used. • Dynamic load balancing proves to be more effective for the cloud performance of the system.
  11. 11. Jun 26, 2019 Niharika Dhandhukiya 11 Load balancing in Cloud Computing Figure 1.3 : Cloud Computing Scenario
  12. 12. Jun 26, 2019 Niharika Dhandhukiya 12 Load balancing in Cloud Computing Figure 1.4 : Load balancing in Cloud computing
  13. 13. Aggregation of data and Clustering Jun 26, 2019 Niharika Dhandhukiya 13 • Clustering: • E Governance system refers to large number of servers connected to a network system. • Clustering helps in maintenance of servers • The concept of scalability is to be carried upon. • As the number of nodes vary the features of clusters also depending upon the capacity of nodes used for clustering.[13] • Aggregation of data • It is one of the efficient approach for the restricted resource of the sensor nodes and energy is one of them.[14] • The data is collected from the different node and by using the aggregation function the data is synchronized.
  14. 14. Best practices observed for E-Governance • All the links with the • citizens empowerment, • strategically development and • continuous learning via a cloud platform is been provided and • Different services have been implemented for the well being of the society. • Computerized check posts for the interstate development • Reforms made in the rural remote location • Providing best mechanism in development have also become a part and parcel of the E-governance system.[15] • Impact of e-governance system can be on urban area as well as Rural areas • GIS can be implemented for the Agricultural, local information systems, land record management and the audits performed for the rural area. • Important sector is also being covered up in the growth of the county • That is education sector where facilities for students are provided so that the needy students could be helped.[4] Jun 26, 2019 Niharika Dhandhukiya 14
  15. 15. Literature Review Jun 26, 2019 Niharika Dhandhukiya 15 Table 2.1 Survey Table
  16. 16. Gap Analysis • For the E- governance system in India a lot many things are needed to be done and in case of considering the work of the Indian Government all the documents are to be under same platform. • The segregation of all the servers to work together for gathering information from different location is the main aspect in the Gap analysis process. • Not only the data coming from the users but the data gathered during the survey is need to segregated so that in one click the information could be gathered. • Various forms of applications are involved for fathering of information and the problem. • A group of database can be handled by the servers and thus concept of cloud approaches in the server manipulations. • Here different servers are arranged which would gather all the information in aggregated form and then required amount of information is being segregated. • Efforts are being made to link all the necessary documents so as to bridge a gap between technology with the older tedious time consuming working systems. Jun 26, 2019 Niharika Dhandhukiya 16
  17. 17. Problem Statement • System developed using cloud computing architecture is a boon in E- Governance system. • For enhancement of service quality cloud clusters are developed for the faster communication. • Speedier transaction of data access with GIS mapping provides location based services. Jun 26, 2019 Niharika Dhandhukiya 17
  18. 18. Conclusion • The cited paper concludes for the Efficient usage of E-governance system with help of cloud computing environment. • Dynamically or statically balancing load in clusters is the main purpose of the system. • Effective managing the cloud platform using SAAS platform for the better utilization of information upon which the GIS could be satisfactorily analysed. • Then main aim is to bridge a gap for the location based services so that the captured image could be better utilized. • Different servers are used for the proposed system for aggregation and segregation of data for user convenience. Jun 26, 2019 Niharika Dhandhukiya 18
  19. 19. References • E governance system. URL https://india.gov.in/e-governance. • Http://www.insightsonindia.com/2014/11/23/ e-governance-india-concept-initiatives-issues/. • http://www.esri.com/what-is-gis. • Monika Pathak and Gagandeep Kaur. Impact of e-governance on public sector services. • Aaradhana A Deshmukh, Albena Mihovska, and Ramjee Prasad. A cloud computing security schemes:-tgos [threshold group-oriented signature] and tms [threshold multisignature schemes]. In Information and Communication Technologies (WICT), 2012 World Congress on, pages 203–208. IEEE, 2012. • Atif Iqbal and RK Bagga. E-governance: Issues in implementation. In Proc. of the Int. Conference on e-Governance, Bangalore, 2010. • Yao Yongling and Wang Junsong. Applications of geographical information system in e- government. Encyclopedia of digital government, 1:80–86, 2007. • Liang Wang, Bin Li, Jiping Liu, Qingpu Zhang, and Rong Zhao. Spatial Aided Decision-making System for E-Government. INTECH Open Access Publisher, 2010. • Matthias Sommer, Michael Klink, Sven Tomforde, and J¨org H¨ahner. Predictive load balancing in cloud computing environments based on ensemble forecasting. In Autonomic Computing (ICAC), 2016 IEEE International Conference on, pages 300–307. IEEE, 2016. Jun 26, 2019 Niharika Dhandhukiya 19
  20. 20. References • Sidra Aslam and Munam Ali Shah. Load balancing algorithms in cloud computing: A survey of modern techniques. In 2015 National Software Engineering Conference (NSEC), pages 30–35. IEEE, 2015. • Aarti Vig, Rajendra Singh Kushwah, and Shivpratap Singh Kushwah. An efficient distributed approach for load balancing in cloud computing. In Computational Intelligence and Communication Networks (CICN), 2015 International Conference on, pages 751–755. IEEE, 2015. • Payal Jadhav and Rachna Satao. A survey on opportunistic routing protocols for wireless sensor networks. Procedia Computer Science, 79:603–609, 2016. • Sandeep Kaur and RC Gangwar. Hybrid gsteb routing protocol using clustering and artificial bee colony optimization. In Green Computing and Internet of Things (ICGCIoT), 2015 International Conference on, pages 661–666. IEEE, 2015. • Surbhi Kapoor and Chetna Dabas. Cluster based load balancing in cloud computing. In Contemporary Computing (IC3), 2015 Eighth International Conference on, pages 76–81. IEEE, 2015. • URL http://www.referencer.in/PayCommission/Reports/SCPC_Annex/ chapter_06.pdf. Jun 26, 2019 Niharika Dhandhukiya 20
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