7. • Unsafe and wasteful method.
• Practice in developing countries
• Lack of health and environmental
8. Modern (Clean) Technologies
• Cleaner recycling technologies w/
higher environmental and
occupational safety standards
• Cost-effective processing of bulk
10. TOXIC SUBSTANCES in
Arsenic Skin diseases, lung cancer, decreased
nerve conduction velocity
Barium Brain swelling, muscle weakness,
damage to heart, liver and spleen.
Beryllium Lung cancer (beryllicosis), skin disease
BFRs Severe hormonal disorders
Cadmium Lung cancer, kidney damage,
pulmonary emphysema and bone
CFCs Skin cancer, deleterious to ozone layer
Chromium(VI) Irritating to eyes, skin and mucous
membranes, DNA damage
11. TOXIC SUBSTANCES in
Dioxins* Impairment of the immune system
Lead Vomiting, diarrhea, convulsions, coma,
Mercury Brain and liver damage if ingested or
PCB Cause cancer, damage to immune
system, reproductive system, nervous
system, endocrine system etc.
PVC* (on combustion) respiratory problems.
Selenium Hair loss, nail brittleness, and
12. Existing Legislations and
The Basel Convention or The Basel
Ban Ammendment of 1995
Extended Producer Responsibility
Waste Electrical and Electronic
Equipment (WEEE) and Reduction of
Hazardous Substances (RoHS)
13. [ Republic Act No. 9003 ]
• Act providing for :
–ecological solid waste management
–creating the necessary institutional
mechanisms and incentives
–declaring certain acts prohibited
–providing penalties, appropriating
funds therefor, and for other
14. • Locally Generated E-Waste
• Foreign Generated E-Waste
–2005: approx. 2.7 Million units of
TV, Refrigerators, Air
Conditioners, Washing machines
and radios are obsolete
E-Waste in Philippine Setting...
15. A Challenge to Take…
• Philippines become e-waste
processors for foreign e-waste
• 2020 – 12.3 M metric tons of e-
waste will be produced = 6 Payatas
dumpsites; enough to pack the
Araneta Coliseum 32 TIMES!
• 2003 – 12, 000 scavengers relied on
28. 3 Rs...
• Reduce: what you do need
• Reuse: what you can't reduce
• Recycle: what you can't reuse
29. Learn, Share & Act
• Learn more about the health effects of
e-waste and practical ways to protect
health now and into the future.
• Share this information with family,
friends and colleagues.
• Take action both to adapt to current
health threats and prevent future
• Rapid technology change and low initial
cost have resulted in a fast-growing e-
• Legislation, regulatory action and
public awareness can Help.
• Adoption of modern recycling
technologies can help transform the
problem into a multi-million opportunity.
• Philippines is not equipped yet to face
31. We are all part of
Not of the
• Pirzada, M.D. and F.N. Pirzada. 2013. E-Waste:
An Impending Challenge. Pakistan Institute of
Nuclear Science & Technology, P.O. Nilore,
• Rode, S. 2012. E-WASTE MANAGEMENT IN
MUMBAI METROPOLITAN REGION:
CONSTRAINTS AND OPPORTUNITIES.
University of Mumbai, Mumbai, India.
Theoretical and Empirical Researches in Urban
Management Volume 7 Issue 2
• Sthiannopkao S, Wong MH. (2012) Handling e-
waste in developed and developing countries:
Initiatives, practices, and consequences. Sci
Total Environ. China
• ATTERO Electronics Asset Management
Company. 2014. What is E-Waste: Electronic
Waste Generation, Management, Recycling by
Attero. India What%20is%20E%EF%BF
• Gutierrez, R. and A. Gabrielle. 2011. The
Vanishing E-Waste of the Philippines. A
report of Ban Toxics. June 2011.
University of Cebu. Philippines
• SAÑEZ, G.R. 2012 International Workshop on
Management of Waste Electrical and Electronic
Equipment. “E-Waste Management Issues in
the Philippines”. 2012. Howard Civil Service
International House. Taipei, Taiwan.
Environmental Management Bureau