SlideShare utilise les cookies pour améliorer les fonctionnalités et les performances, et également pour vous montrer des publicités pertinentes. Si vous continuez à naviguer sur ce site, vous acceptez l’utilisation de cookies. Consultez nos Conditions d’utilisation et notre Politique de confidentialité.
SlideShare utilise les cookies pour améliorer les fonctionnalités et les performances, et également pour vous montrer des publicités pertinentes. Si vous continuez à naviguer sur ce site, vous acceptez l’utilisation de cookies. Consultez notre Politique de confidentialité et nos Conditions d’utilisation pour en savoir plus.
Indian Ocean plays a pivotal role in the global trade and economics and its strategic significance is also steadily increasing. Certain major aspects concerning non traditional security need in depth study and adoption of corrective measures by the Indian Ocean ring countries where India has to take a lead.
As a matter of prudence, security threats call for
urgent remedial measures from the State.
Non traditional security issues include areas
such as transnational organised crimes,
global terror, disaster relief, information
security, climate change and public health
epidemics, energy security and water security.
Non traditional security relates to aspects
other than traditional security where the
sources, nature, duration and intensity of
threat can be foreseen or identified and is
based on human or mechanical reasons.
Challenges to the survival and well being of
people and states that arise primarily out of
non military sources, such as climate
change, cross-border environmental
degradation and resource depletion,
infections diseases, irregular migration, food
shortages, people smuggling, drug
trafficking and other forms of transnational
A statement of an intention to inflict pain, injury,
damage or other hostile action on someone in
retribution for something done or not done.
An unfortunate incident, that happens
unexpectedly and unintentionally, typically
resulting in damage injury.
1946-54 - First Indo China War
1948 - Israel War of Independence
1954-58 - French Algerian War
1955-72 - First Sudanese Civil War
1956 - Suez Crisis
1959-73 - Vietnam War
1967 - Six Day War
1971 - Indo Pak Conflict
1980-88 - Iran Iraq War
1990-91 - Persian Gulf War
HARD Nation states
against one another
or with non-state
SOFT 1.Nation states
2.Non state actors
maintaining stability in the region
It implies making the region more stable and
less prone to conflict, both internal and
This refers to efforts to achieve compatibility
between the explosion of regional trading
arrangements around the world and the
global trading system as embodied in World
Trade Organisation. It is an effort to resolve
one of the central problems of contemporary
trade policy - in a manner just and balanced.
The term refer to organised crime co-
ordinated across national borders, involving
groups or networks of individuals working in
more than one country to plan and execute
illegal business ventures.
• International terror
• Counterfeit currency
• Illegal trade in small arms & light weapons.
• Illegal immigration
• Trafficking in persons
• Money laundering
• Cyber crime
It is undertaking of terrorist acts and
activities within the maritime environment,
using or against vessels or fixed platforms at
sea or in port or against any one of their
passengers or personnel, against coastal
facilities or settlements including tourist
resorts, port areas and port towns or seas.
Auth. The Council for Security Co-operation
in the Asia Pacific (CSCAP).
The term refers to entities that participate or
act in international relations. They are
organisations with sufficient power to
influence and cause a change even though
they do not belong to any established
institution of a state.
Nov 2008 Mumbai
18 Jul 2012 Burgas near Bulgarian
03 May 2014 Mombassa, Kenya
25 Jun 2014 Lagos, Nigeria
Jan 2006 - Suicide attack on US
Navy destroyer near Aden
Sep 2013 - Failed terrorist attack on
Suez Canal ship
Sep 2014 - Al-Qaeda attack on
Nov 2014 - Gunman attack on
Egyptian patrol ship
It incorporates the practice, military tactics,
and strategy that government, military,
intelligence, police and business organisations
use to combat or prevent terrorism.
Prevalent in weak or failed states along the
1. Any illegal acts of violence or detention, or any
act of depredation, committed for private ends
by the crew or the passengers of private ship or
a private aircraft, and detected.
i) On the high seas, against another ship or
aircraft or against persons or property on board
such ship or aircraft.
ii) Against a ship, aircraft persons or property
in a place outside the jurisdiction of any
2. Any act of voluntary participation in the
operation of a ship or of an aircraft with the
knowledge of facts making it a private ship
3. Any act inciting or of internationally
facilitating an act described in sub
Reported near narrow straits, islands and
conflict regions of South East Asia
(Indonesia, Malaysia, Burma and Thailand)
and Yemen, Sudan, Pakistan, Myanmar and
There is a gradual but perceptible
movement of the fulcrum of the glob
economic and military exchanges away from
the Atlantic to the Indian Ocean, a shift
which is being keenly watched by national &
Growth of international trade and commerce
is intrinsically linked to a secure
environment, in all its varied dimensions.