We express gratitude to MR. VIBHU ASHOK
Our Social Psychology teacher and guide , who guided
us throughout this presentation and also gave
valuable suggestions and guidance for completing the
presentation. He helped us to understand the intricate
issues involved in making the presentation , beside
effectively presenting it. This intricacies would have
been lost otherwise. Our presentation has been a
success only because of his guidance .
• Imagine yourself looking into a mirror. What do
you see? Do you see your ideal self or your actual
self? Your ideal, or imagined, self is the self that
you aspire to be. It is the one that you hope will
possess characteristics similar to that of a
mentor or some other worldly figure. Your actual
self, however, is the one that you actually see. It
is the self that has characteristics that you were
nurtured or, in some cases, born to have.
• Self-concept is the construct that negotiates
these two selves. In other words, it connotes first
the identification of the ideal self as separate
from others, and second, it encompasses all the
behaviour vetted in the actual self that you
engage in to reach the ideal self. Behavioural
scientists often assert that the self-concept is
the sole perspective from which one can
understand an individual's behaviour because it
includes all the dimensions of the self, including
how one looks (self-image) and what one knows
(self-knowledge), and the ways in which these
exist for others (fulfilling the ego).
7. Self concept is self image created by the individual based on the
feedback received from external sources. The individual thinks
that the world thinks about him the way the self concept is. It is
important to bring changes in the self concept in order to correct
one's behaviour. It is a psychological construct learnt over a
period of time.
Self concept is self image created by the
individual based on the feedback received from
external sources. The individual thinks that the
world thinks about him the way the self concept
is. It is important to bring changes in the self
concept in order to correct one's behaviour. It is
a psychological construct learnt over a period of
9. SELF ESTEEM
Self esteem is your opinion of yourself. High self esteem is a good
opinion of yourself and low self esteem is a bad opinion of yourself.
Low self esteem comes from a poor self image. Your self image is based
on how you see yourself. Do you think you are a good, reliable,
hardworking, honest or friendly person? Do you like what you see when
you look in the mirror or do you believe others look better and dress
better than you?
Low self esteem also depends on other factors like your job. For
example, do you value the job you do? Does the job you have help you
be happy with who you are? Do the others in your office respect you?
Low self esteem feeds your negative thinking and causes you to believe
the criticism others make of you. Do you take what others say and not
speak up? This can cause you to lose confidence so it is vital to end
negative thoughts if you want to build your self esteem.
What is Low Self Esteem?
10. What is High Self Esteem?
• High self esteem is the opposite of the above! If you have a
high level of self esteem you will be confident, happy, highly
motivated and have the right attitude to succeed.
The Importance of Self Esteem
• Self esteem is crucial and is a cornerstone of a positive
attitude towards living.
• It is very important because it affects how you think, act and
even how you relate to other people. It allows you to live life
to your potential. Low self esteem means poor confidence
and that also causes negative thoughts which means that
you are likely to give up easily rather than face challenges. In
addition, it has a direct bearing on your happiness and
12. 1. Know Yourself.
2. Understand What makes you feel great.
3. Recognize thing that you get down.
4. Set goals to achieve what you want.
5. Develop Trusting Friendship that make you feel
6. Don`t be afraid to ask for help.
7. Stand up for your beliefs & value
8. Help someone else.
9. Take responsibility for your own actions.
10. Take good care of yourself.
14. SELF EFFICACY
• Self-efficacy refers to an individual's belief in his or her
capacity to execute behaviour necessary to produce
specific performance attainments (Bandura, 1977, 1986,
1997). Self-efficacy reflects confidence in the ability to
exert control over one's own motivation, behaviour, and
social environment. These cognitive self-evaluations
influence all manner of human experience, including the
goals for which people strive, the amount of energy
expended toward goal achievement, and likelihood of
attaining particular levels of behavioural performance.
Unlike traditional psychological constructs, self-efficacy
beliefs are hypothesized to vary depending on the
domain of functioning and circumstances surrounding
the occurrence of behaviour.
16. SELF MONITORING
• Self-monitoring, or the capacity to observe (or measure) and
evaluate one's behaviour is an important component of
executive functioning in human behaviour. Executive
functioning is part of cognitive processing and includes a
person's ability to connect past knowledge with present
experiences in a way that allows the individual to plan,
organize, strategize, pay attention to details, and manage time.
• Self-monitoring allows humans to measure their behavioural
outcomes against a set of standards. Small children typically do
not have the ability to self-monitor. It develops over time.
Consider Jenny, a toddler, who does not have the capacity to
monitor her expressive behaviours. She will let her mom know
when she is unhappy with a snack choice.
17. SELF FOCUSING
• Self-focus, the process of directing attention toward attributes of
the self, including
• emotions, self-evaluations, and personal attitudes, has attracted
the interest of
• social and clinical psychologists during the last four decades
(Liebling & Shaver,
• 1973; Nasby, 1985; Woody, 1996; Woody & Rodriguez, 2000), in
• of its association with personality and psychopathological
• 1990). A second impetus of this interest has been the recognition
• attention is implicated in motivation and goal-directed behaviour.