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Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome(aids)

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Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome(aids)

  2. 2.  AIDS is caused by a virus known as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) A person infected with HIV often have no symptoms of the disease therefore infect others without knowing it
  3. 3. A • ACQUIRED –means that it is the result of contact with a source external to the personI • IMMUNE • DEFICIENCY-describes theD condition which impairs the body’s ability to protect itself against disease • SYNDROME-a group of signs orS symptoms which result from a common cause or appear in combination to present a clinical picture of a disease
  4. 4. Through sexual activityThrough bloodExposure to contaminatedinstruments(parenteral)from mother to fetus prenatally, atbirth, or via breast milk(perinatal)
  5. 5.  Coughing or sneezing Sharing cups, plates and other eating utensils Sharing water or food Handshakes, touching or hugging Using the same toilet Insect bites
  6. 6. Sore throatFeverNight sweatingFatigueColdNausea
  7. 7. Outer envelope proteinTransmembrane protein Lipid membrane Matrix proteinMajor capsid proteinRNA protease Reverse transcriptase integrase
  8. 8. Avoid casual sex partners and unprotectedsexNever share injecting needlesMedical personnel should take appropriateprecaution to prevent potential transmission gain enough knowledge on HIV/AIDSDo HIV screening test
  9. 9.  AIDS is caused by HIV. Although scientist have been searching for vaccine to protect people from HIV infection since 1983, they have had no success so far. The only effective prevention strategies all closely relate to the means by which people contract HIV. HIV infection and AIDS are not uncontrollable conditions. We can reduce the risks of infection by taking precautions against HIV/AIDS.
  10. 10.  Gary P. Wormsen, W.D AIDS and other manfestations and HIV infection. Library for Nurses, Volume 1(Basic information on AIDS). CDC Health for International Travel, Gary W. Brunette, MD, MS.