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Seating elements

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Seating types in landscape architecture

Publié dans : Ingénierie
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Seating elements

  1. 1. Seating Elements 46
  2. 2. Shade • Comparative darkness and coolness. • Relative inferiority or obscurity. Shaded & Semi Shaded seating elements Shades Seating elements Semi Shades Semi shades • Refraction of the protection structure • Sunlight reach 3-6 hours of each day. Semi shades (Pergola) Cantilever shades 47
  3. 3. Different Types of Shade Structures Cantilever Shade Structures Hip Shade Structures • Minimizes column obstruction • Provide versatile and customizable product options • Feature a straight roofline with two, four, six, and eight column options • Effective & economical. Blue colored hip shades Metal stands are used as support Metal standsFabric shadesCantilever shaped shade in an airport 48
  4. 4. Multi Panel Shades • Utilize multiple fabric tops; • Multi-level designs; • Design styles including Octagons, Hexagons, Pyramids, and more Canopy Shade Structures • Cabana-style structures with curtains that can be opened or closed for additional privacy. • Bus stop benches and walkways. • Colorful multilevel fabrics are used as shades • Metal stands are used as support Canopy shades for outdoor areas Wooden support 49
  5. 5. Shade Sails • Available in 3-Point, 4-Point Hyper and 5-Point Sails • Multiple column heights and attachment points Colorful fabrics are used. Pergola Shades (Full Shade) • Simple frames covered with a variety of materials • Lattice panels, fixed fabrics are also used. Reeds Branches of bamboo Wooden supportIron Rods 50
  6. 6. Semi Shaded seating elements Tensile structure as Semi shaded structure  Tension, Compression  Mesh tensioned Structures are mainly semi shaded. Pergola Shades (Semi Shades) Live foliage Semi shades of Tensile structure Pergola shades of tricots Pergola shades of wooden frame 51
  7. 7. Uses • School, park • Outdoors seating place • Parks and moretim • Playgrounds, multiple seating areas, outdoor event spaces, and covered parking. • Bus stop benches and walkway • Pool spaces, splash pads, open-air venues, entrances to buildings. 52
  8. 8. Seating Elements Wooden Seats Concrete Seats Wooden frames Concrete seats Wooden seats decorated with flowers 53
  9. 9. Iron Rod or Steel Seats Bamboo Seats 54
  10. 10. Rattan Seats Stone Seats Black and white stone are used to maintain the color with water body 55
  11. 11. Some open Seating placeS and it’S elementS Normal design consisting shaped tree logs and wooden carved table A wooden structure on the concrete base creates a comfortable seating space for the urban pedestrian. Benches constructed by wood furnishes open spaces 56
  12. 12. Concrete benches are also provided at urban open places Outdoor Iron Rod Benches Stones made benches 57
  13. 13. Other artificially made open seats for outdoor spaces • Public open spaces provide many functions and substantial benefits which meet human needs • Place for social interaction Necessity of Seating Places in Open Spaces 58
  14. 14. Tensile Structure Tensile structure is the term usually used to refer to the construction of roofs using a membrane held in place on steel cables. Most often used as a: 1. Roof 2. As completing buildings, warehousing and storage buildings, and exhibition venues. Tensile structures in Hajj Terminal and Boston respectively 59
  15. 15. Tensile Structure Materials 1. Structural Fabric: Requirements • Strong, Be safe to walk on • Waterproof, fire resistant and durable • To be transmitted in daylight, reflect heat, control sound, and be easy to keep clean. 2. Rigid Structural Elements Requirements: • strong, light, reliable, • easy to fabricate, transport and erect. 3. Cables Requirements: Light, high-strength and flexible. 60
  16. 16. Rigid Structural Elements Structural Fabric Cable Tensile Structure Materials 61
  17. 17. Tensile construction systems Membrane tensioned structures Mesh tensioned structures Pneumatic structures 62
  18. 18. Consideration For Selecting Shade Materials Geographic Location Rainfall Climate 63
  19. 19. Glass Poly carbonate/ fiber glass sheeting Canvas or other tightly woven cloths Timber Steel roof sheeting Suitability Good windbreak where visibility and light are required Roofing, walling, louvre, awnings, skylights, canopies Good for small, low-budget jobs Pergolas, trellis, screens Roofing, walling; steep or low pitches Waterproof Yes Yes Yes Depends on detailing Yes Light transmission High, depending on tint High, Light colors allow more light Depends on detailing No light transmission Solar heat gain* Less heat gain if tinted High Dark colors are hotter Does conduct heat High if not insulated Life span Long life, if does not sustain impact About 10 years. Discoloration may occur sooner Limited. Susceptible to breakdown due to UV radiation exposure Long life if well maintained Long life if well maintained Maintenance requirements Needs regular cleaning Low maintenance. Without specific treatment is not mould resistant Need to guard against termites Subject to moisture and condensation conditions Different Types of Shade Material & Their Suitability Types Characteristics 64
  20. 20. Thank You