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Indo us nuclear deal(nipun)

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Indo us nuclear deal(nipun)

  1. 1. CONTENTS1. NUCLEAR ENERGY: THE INEVITABLE SOURCE OF ENERGY TO RELY2. INDIA’S QUEST FOR NUCLEAR ENERGY3. HER IMPACT BEING A NUCLEAR POWER4. TERMINOLOGY: IAEA, NPT, NWS, CTBT5. THE CATASTROPHE: THE NUCLEAR DEAL AND THE 1-2-3 AGREEMEN6. THE TERMS AND CONDITIONS7. ADVANTAGES8. WORRIES9. U.S. INTERVENETION AND AREAS OF INTEREST SURROUNDING THE10. WHY SO DESPERATION?11.POLITICAL DIVERSION OVER THE DEAL12. EXPLOITATION OF RIGHTS13.THE RIGHT WAY THROUGH
  2. 2. NUCLEAR ENERGY: THE INEVITABLESOURCE OF ENERGY TO RELY UPON 1.Dwindling resources of fossil fuel 2.Very high cost 3.The greenhouse effect
  3. 3. INDIA’S QUEST FOR NUCLEAR ENERGYCurrently, only 40 per cent of the rural area in India is covered byelectricity. Our current capacity to produce electricity is 131 Gigawatts(GW) a year, and judging by the eight per cent growth in our economyand current lack of power, we would need approximately 800-950 GW by2030. We are more or less dependent on thermal power as of now, witharound 65 per cent (87 GW) of our current production fulfilled by thermalpower, but coal is also depleting fast and we would need an alternativesource of energy by 2025.Currently, India only adds about 30-35 GW a year which is half of the plannedamount.
  4. 4. HER IMPACT BEING A NUCLEAR POWER1. INDIA’S RELUCTANCY TO SIGN CTBT2. HER SELF DEPENDENCY3. HER GROWING ECONOMY4. PURELY INDIGENOUS MILLITARY PROGRAMME
  5. 5. TERMINOLOGIES1.IAEA: INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY2. NPT: NON PROLIFERATION TREATY3. CTBT;COMPREHENSIVE TEST BAN TREA4. 123 AGREEMENT OR THE HYDE ACT
  6. 6. THE CATASTROPHE: THE NUCLEAR DEAL AND THE 1-2-3 AGREEMENT1. WHAT IS THE 1-2-3 AGREEMENT?2. WHAT THE U.S. IS OFFERING EXCEPTIONALLY TO INDIA?3. FORMS THE BASIS OF NUCLEAR DEAL4. THE NUCLEAR DEAL
  7. 7. THE TERMS AND CONDITIONSFollowing are the key aspects of the Indo-US civil nuclear deal:* The agreement not to hinder or interfere with Indias nuclear programme formilitary purposes.* US will help India negotiate with the IAEA for an India-specific fuel supplyagreement.* Washington will support New Delhi develop strategic reserves of nuclear fuelto guard against future disruption of supply.* In case of disruption, US and India will jointly convene a group of friendlysupplier countries to include nations like Russia, France and the UK to pursuesuch measures to restore fuel supply.* Both the countries agree to facilitate nuclear trade between themselves in theinterest of respective industries and consumers.* India and the US agree to transfer nuclear material, non-nuclear material,equipment and components.
  8. 8. THE TERMS AND CONDITIONS (cotd.)* Any special fissionable material transferred under the agreement shall be lowenriched uranium.* Low enriched uranium can be transfered for use as fuel in reactor experimentsand in reactors for conversion or fabrication.* The ambit of the deal include research, development, design, construction,operation, maintenance and use of nuclear reactors, reactor experiments anddecommissioning.* The US will have the right to seek return of nuclear fuel and technology but itwill compensate for the costs incurred as a consequence of such removal.* India can develop strategic reserve of nuclear fuel to guard against anydisruption of supply over the lifetime of its reactors.* Agreement provides for consultations on the circumstances, includingchanged security environment, before termination of the nuclear cooperation.* Provision for one-year notice period before termination of the agreement.
  9. 9. THE TERMS AND CONDITIONS (cotd.)* The US will have the right to seek return of nuclear fuel and technology.* In case of return, Washington will compensate New Delhi promptly for the"fair market value thereof" and the costs incurred as a consequence ofsuch removal.* Both the countries to set up a Joint Committee for implementation of thecivil nuclear agreement and development of further cooperation in this field.* The agreement grants prior consent to reprocess spent fuel.* Sensitive nuclear technology, nuclear facilities and major criticalcomponents can be transferred after amendment to the agreement.* India will establish a new national facility dedicated to reprocessingsafeguarded nuclear material under IAEA safeguards.* Nuclear material and equipment transferred to India by the US be subjectto safeguards in perpetuity.
  10. 10. ADVANTAGES1. NUCLEAR FUEL SUPPLY2. MAKE USE OF THE LATEST TECHNOLOGY AVAILABLE3. AMEND POWER SHORTAGE4. CAN BE A BOOST FOR GROWING ECONOMY5. WILL ENJOY A STATUS OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS STAT6. WOULD BE CLOSER TO GETTING A PERMANENT MEMBERSHIP FROM U.N. SECURITY COUNCIL
  11. 11. U.S. INTERVENETION AND AREAS OF INTEREST SURROUNDING THE DEAL1. WELL AWARE OF INDIA’S POTENTIAL2. INDIA’S FAST GROWING ECONOMY3. THE CHINA FACTOR4. INDIA’S CLEAN IMAGE ON THE GLOBAL MINDSET5. HER UTTER IMPORTANCE IN ASIA
  12. 12. WHY SO DESPERATION1. POST AFGHANISTAN AND IRAQ, AMERICA’S DWINDLING ECONOMY2. AN IMPOSED THREAT BY ECONOMICALLY VIOLANT CHINA3. AN EFFORT TO CLEAN ITS IMAGE AFTER RECEIVING FIERCE CRITICSM OF THE IRAQ INVASION4. FURTHER ENHANCE ITS RELATIONSHIP WITH INDIA, THE CENTRESTAG ASIA’S EXTERNAL AFFAIRS
  13. 13. POLITICAL DIVERSION OVER THE DEAL: PROVIDING STUBBORN RESISTANCE1. LEFT’S RELUCTANCY TO ZERO IN ON A PEACEFUL AGREEMENT WITH THE CENTRE GOVT.2. BJP’s INSANE POLICY OF PROVIDING NO SUPPORT WHATSOEVER3. BSP’s USELESS ANTICIPATION OF THE CENTRE GOVT.4. PRIME MINISTER’S THEORY OF NOT SPILLING THE BEANS
  14. 14. WORRIES1. PRICE AMOUNTING TO THE SKY2. A TITHER TO CHINA3. NUCLEAR WASTE: A GREAT AND RISKY MESS TO DEAL WIT4. A HIT BACK TO THE SELF DEFENSE5. INDIA’S IMAGE REDUCING TO A MERE STOOGE IN FRONT O U.S.
  15. 15. THE RIGHT WAY THROUGH1. THE GOVT. SHOULD DEDUCE A RIGHT AGREEMENT THAT GETS DOW EVERYONE’S THROAT2. INDIA SHOULD HAVE THE RIGHT TO TEST NUKE WEAPONS IN THE WAGE OF SELF DEFENSE3. IT SHOULD HAVE FULL ACCESS TO ALL ITS POWERPLANTS WHETHER BE SUPERVISED BY IAEA OR NOT4. IT SHOULD HAVE THE RIGHT TO EXPORT SURPLUS FUEL5. U.S. SHOULD ALSO BEHOLD SOME RESPONSIBILITY FOR PROPER RE OF WASTE NUKE MATERIAL6. THE COST SHOULD BE AS PER THE CURRENT PRICES OF THE FUEL7. THERE SHOULD BE NO HIDDEN TERMS AND CONDITIONS
  16. 16. THANK YOU

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