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Diversity and Inclusion in Wikipedia

Presentation on the role of information architects in improving diversity and inclusion of underrepresented topics in Wikipedia, given at the 2017 Information Architecture Summit in Vancouver on March 25, 2017.

Wikipedia is the world's largest encyclopedia; however, fair representation of notable, but underrepresented people and topics remains a major concern. In response, the Wikimedia Foundation has supported many grassroots efforts including Women in Red, Art+Feminism, Wiki Loves Pride, Black Lunch Table and AfroCROWD, among others, to improve discovery of these topics.

This presentation offered an overview of current efforts to diversify the information available on Wikipedia. Learn how we can use our Information Architecture skills and Wikimedia tools to improve the findability and representation of valuable, but missing information, and start contributing to the topics you care about.

Visit WikiProject:Information Architecture and join the movement: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:WikiProject_Information_Architecture

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Diversity and Inclusion in Wikipedia

  1. 1. Diversity and Inclusion in Information A Working Wikipedia Session Noreen Y. Whysel, COO, Decision Fish nwhysel@gmail.com Wikipedia User:nwhysel #IAwikipedia #ias17
  2. 2. Session Overview ⬜ Inclusion in Information ⬜ Wikipedia Diversity Programs ⬜ Wikipedia Conduct Policies ⬜ Core Content Policies ⬜ Be Bold! https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:List_of_policies#Conduct
  3. 3. Inclusion in Information ⬜ Newspaper ownership ⬜ Bias in academic research ⬜ Disparity in positions of authority ⬜ Number of editors within a given group ⬜ Translating articles from one Wikipedia language site to another.
  4. 4. Projects, initiatives, user groups ⬜ AfroCROWD ⬜ Art+Community ⬜ Art+Feminism ⬜ Black WikiHistory Month ⬜ Black Lunch Table ⬜ Black Women Intelligentsia ⬜ Indigenous Film & Media ⬜ Indigenous Storytellers WikiThon ⬜ Smithsonian APA Asian Pacific American ⬜ Wiki Loves Pride ⬜ wikiD: Women. Wikipedia. Design. ⬜ Women in Red ⬜ Writing Middle Eastern Women into History Initiative (WMWH) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Meetup#Projects.2C_initiatives.2C_user_groups
  5. 5. WikiProject Women in Red https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:WikiProject_Women_in_Red ⬜ Redlinks are pages that have not been created. ⬜ If a woman’s name is linked and she does not have a Wikipedia page yet, the link will be red. ⬜ The objective of WikiProject Women in Red is to turn Redlinks into Blue Links.
  6. 6. Art + Feminism ⬜ Less than 10% of contributors to Wikipedia identify as female. ⬜ Our main purpose is to contribute and amend meaningful content to the Wikipedia. ⬜ All gender identities and expressions welcome. http://www.artandfeminism.org
  7. 7. AfroCROWD http://www.afrocrowd.org ⬜ Afro Free Culture Crowdsourcing Wikimedia (AfroCROWD) seeks to increase the number of people of African Descent who actively partake in the Wikimedia and free knowledge, culture and software movements.
  8. 8. Wiki Loves Pride ⬜ Supported by Wikimedia LGBT+, a user group that promotes the development of content on Wikimedia projects which is of interest to LGBT+ communities. ⬜ Activities usually in June and September. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Wiki_Loves_Pride
  9. 9. Refugees 2016 ⬜ In May 2016 the Wikimedia DC Chapter held an editathon on issues affecting refugees worldwide. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Meetup/DC/Refugees2016
  10. 10. Her Girl Friday / Lenny Letter ⬜ Women Journos Unconference and Editathon, a Her Girl Friday Tackles the Gender Gap: The Wikipedia Editing Brunch event co-sponsored by Her Girl Friday and Lenny Letter, January 28, 2017, New York. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Meetup/NYC/2017-01_HGF_Lenny
  11. 11. Projects in Vancouver ⬜ Indigenous Storytellers WikiThon (April 4, 2017 @ UBC) : Theme: Indigenous storytellers, specifically those working in film and theatre and situated in the country known as Canada. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Meetup/Indigenous_Storytellers _WikiThon ⬜ Art + Feminism (March 18, 2017 @ Belkin Art Gallery, UBC & March 19, 2017 @ Western Front Society): https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Meetup/Vancouver/ArtAndFemi nism_2017 ⬜ Local Women in Science (September 21, 2016 @ UBC, SFU, BCIT): Theme: Local Women in Science, specifically, female scientists at BCIT, SFU, and UBC. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Meetup/Vancouver/LocalWome ninSciencey
  12. 12. Neutral point of view – All Wikipedia articles and other encyclopedic content must be written from a neutral point of view, representing significant views fairly, proportionately and without bias. Basic Rules: Core Content Policies Be aware of the difference between a neutral point of view and a common understanding, which may reflect structural or institutional bias.
  13. 13. No original research – Wikipedia does not publish original thought: all material in Wikipedia must be attributable to a reliable, published source. Articles may not contain any new analysis or synthesis of published material that serves to advance a position not clearly advanced by the sources. BASIC RULES: CORE CONTENT POLICIES Basic Rules: Core Content Policies If a topic is little known or studied in academic institutions, it may be difficult to find sources to point to. For example, if you want to create an article about an endangered indigenous language, where would you find secondary sources?
  14. 14. Verifiability – Material challenged or likely to be challenged, and all quotations, must be attributed to a reliable, published source. In Wikipedia, verifiability means that people reading and editing the encyclopedia can check that information comes from a reliable source. Basic Rules: Core Content Policies How would you find a reliable source? Journal articles on the subject with DOI link. Texts written by researchers at academic programs. “Mainstream media.” Avoid primary sources. What do you do if the source you use is challenged?
  15. 15. BASIC RULES: NOTABILITY What if notability guidelines reproduce structural sexism and racism? How can we address and amend this? Basic Rules: Core Content Policy Notability is a test used by editors to decide if a given topic warrants its own article. If a topic has received significant coverage in reliable sources that are independent of the subject, it is presumed to be suitable for a stand-alone article or list. If no reliable, third-party sources can be found on a topic, it will not be given a separate article.
  16. 16. BASIC RULES: NOTABILITY Basic Rules: Core Content Policy H.W. Janson’s History of Art ● Seminal reference work ● Published in 1962 ● Hundreds of artists profiled ● Only 27 female artists ● Zero female artists were included before the 1980s
  17. 17. BASIC RULES: NOTABILITY Basic Rules: Core Content Policies Biographies of Living Persons: Articles about living persons, which require a degree of sensitivity, must adhere strictly to Wikipedia's content policies. Be very firm about high-quality references, particularly about details of personal lives. “Unsourced or poorly sourced contentious material— whether negative, positive, or just questionable—about living (or sometimes recently deceased) persons should be removed immediately and without discussion from Wikipedia articles, talk pages, user pages, and project space."
  18. 18. If you think you have a Conflict Of Interest (COI), don’t create the article, post that someone else should create it on a related talk page. Basic Rules: Conflict of Interest
  19. 19. BASIC RULES: NOTABILITY Content Guidelines ...or how to avoid rejection or reversion ⬜ Cite sources ⬜ Do not create hoaxes ⬜ No full text of primary sources ⬜ Identify reliable sources ⬜ No plagiarism ⬜ No patent nonsense
  20. 20. Wikipedia Conduct Policies ⬜ Civility ⬜ Clean start ⬜ Consensus ⬜ Dispute resolution ⬜ Edit warring ⬜ Editing policy ⬜ Harassment ⬜ No personal attacks ⬜ Ownership of articles ⬜ Sock puppetry ⬜ Username policy ⬜ Vandalism https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:List_of_policies#Conduct
  21. 21. Wikipedia Conduct Policies ⬜ Code of Conduct ⬜ Safer Spaces ⬜ Child Care ⬜ Focus on collaborative editing ⬜ Access for the disabled
  22. 22. BASIC RULES: NOTABILITY Creating a Gender Perspective The Women You Have Never Met project offers guidelines for sensitivity to gendered point of view. ⬜ Titles: Avoid using a married name in a title, if the person is known by their maiden name. ⬜ Relationships: Avoid describing a female subject in relation to her spouse or father (“wife of”, “daughter of”) in the lead paragraph. ⬜ Description: Avoid referencing a subject’s gender, race or sexuality if it is irrelevant to their importances as a subject (“woman scientist” or “female author”) https://meta.m.wikimedia.org/wiki/The_Women_You_Have_Never_Met #How_to_edit_including_the_gender_perspective_in_Wikipedia.3F
  23. 23. BASIC RULES: NOTABILITY Creating a Gender Perspective https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frida_Kahlo
  24. 24. BASIC RULES: NOTABILITY Creating a Gender Perspective https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hélène_Langevin-Joliot
  25. 25. BASIC RULES: NOTABILITY Creating a Gender Perspective https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Irène_Joliot-Curie
  26. 26. • Post a question on the talk page of another Wikipedia User's talk page. • Ask a question to the Wikipedia Teahouse question board. • Resolving disputes; Wikipedia:Dispute resolution, Wikipedia:Etiquette, Wikipedia:Staying cool when the editing gets hot. • Email info@art.plusfeminism.org with specific Wikipedia editing questions if you can't find what you need on Wikipedia Asking for Help and Resolving Disputes
  27. 27. • Wikipedia is highly democratic. Anyone can edit any page. This can create challenges in developing an authentic and neutral point of view. • Even information from reliable sources can be contentious (Fake News, intersectionality) • Who speaks for the subject? Whose “neutral point of view” is most authentic? Must an authentic article equal an “authentic point of view”? Challenge: Establishing Authenticity
  28. 28. • Wikimedia Projects Wikidata Wikimedia Commons Wikisource Wikiquotes Wikipedia features and tools for organizing information include: • Categories • Infoboxes • Portals • WikiProjects • WikiTools Reasonator ListeriaBot PetScan How IAs Can Help
  29. 29. Categories https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frida_Kahlo
  30. 30. Infoboxes https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frida_Kahlo
  31. 31. Portals https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portal:Mexico
  32. 32. WikiProjects https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Talk:Frida_Kahlo https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:WikiProject_Disability
  33. 33. Wikimedia Projects https://meta.m.wikimedia.org/wiki/Wikimedia_projects
  34. 34. WikiTools: Reasonator https://meta.m.wikimedia.org/wiki/Wikimedia_projects
  35. 35. WikiData: Q5588 https://m.wikidata.org/wiki/Q5588
  36. 36. Wikisource and Wikiquotes https://en.m.wikisource.org/wiki/Author:Frida_Kahlo https://en.m.wikiquote.org/wiki/Frida_Kahlo
  37. 37. Wikimedia Commons https://commons.m.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Frida_Kahlo
  38. 38. DBpedia: Linked Open Data http://wiki.dbpedia.org
  39. 39. • Creating an Account • Anatomy of a Wikipedia Page: "Talk", "Read", "Edit", and "View History“ • Making Simple Edits • Userpages • Working in the Sandbox • Putting in Citations • Additional Ways to Contribute • Copyright and Wikipedia • Basic Rules • Asking for Help and Resolving Disputes http://bit.ly/IA-WikipediaTraining Videos: http://www.artandfeminism.org/editing-kit/ Training Guides
  40. 40. TRAINING OUTLINE: LINKS TO KEEP OPENTraining: Helpful Links Guide to Contributing to Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Contributing_to_Wikipedia Wiki Markup Cheat Sheet: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Wiki_markup_cheatsheet_EN.pdf WikiProject: Information Architecture https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:WikiProject_Information_Architecture IA Ongoing Tasks: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:WikiProject_Information_Architecture#O ngoing_Tasks
  41. 41. March is Women’s History Month ⬜ Join 41 Art + Feminism events worldwide in March and April. ⬜ Calendar: http://www.artandfeminis m.org/find-an-event/
  42. 42. Upcoming Meetups - April ⬜ Apr 1: Black Lunch Table @ UNC Chapel Hill ⬜ Apr 8: WikiSalon @ Chemical Heritage Fdn, Philadelphia ⬜ Apr 9: London 117 ⬜ Apr 21: Black Lunch Table @ Boston U, Day 1 ⬜ Apr 22: Black Lunch Table @ Boston U, Day 2 ⬜ Apr 23: Oxford 49 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Meetup
  43. 43. Upcoming Meetups - Tomorrow ⬜ Mini IA Editathon: Sunday at Lunch in Balmoral. ⬜ Signup for the IAS17 editathon via the signup dashboard at http://bit.ly/ias17wikidash ⬜ Continue editing remotely. ⬜ Join WikiProject: Information Architecture
  44. 44. THANK YOU! // What Now? ⬜ Join WikiProject Information Architecture ⬜ Find an article in need of improvement and add it to WikiProject Information Architecture or pick one from the project list. ⬜ Tag the Talk page of an article with the WikiProject Information Architecture category. [[Category:WikiProject_Information_Architecture]] ⬜ Research citations on a person or topic that interests you. ⬜ Suggest citations or content on the Talk page of an article. ⬜ Fix typos and grammatical errors on existing articles. ⬜ Ask for help if you need it! ⬜ Are You Hooked? Find a Wikipedia Meetup near you at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Meetup Noreen Whysel Decision Fish LLC nwhysel@gmail.com @nwhysel Links available at the WikiProject IA Facebook page: