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OWASP Wikipedia Training Presentation

Presented at the NYC OWASP Hackathon and (mini)Project Summit, Hotel Pennsylvania, New York, NY, March 18, 2015.

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OWASP Wikipedia Training Presentation

  1. 1. Editing Wikipedia Join WikiProjects to Make AppSec Visible Noreen Whysel, OWASP Community Manager
  2. 2. • Introduction: Cybersecurity on Wikipedia • Anatomy of a Wikipedia Page: "Talk", "Read", "Edit", and "View History“ • Making Simple Edits • Userpages • Working in the Sandbox • Putting in Citations • Additional Ways to Contribute • Copyright and Wikipedia • Basic Rules • Asking for Help and Resolving Disputes Training Outline
  3. 3. TRAINING OUTLINE: LINKS TO KEEP OPEN OWASP Community Etherpad http://owasp-community.etherpad.mozilla.org Guide to Contributing to Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Contributing_to_Wikipedia Cheat Sheet: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Wiki_markup_cheatsheet_EN.pdf WikiProject: Computer Security https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:WikiProject_Computer_Security Requested Articles on Computer Science and Security https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Requested_articles/Applied_arts_and_scien ces/Computer_science,_computing,_and_Internet#Security Training Outline: Helpful Links
  5. 5. WikiProject: Computer Security
  6. 6. WikiProject: Cryptography
  7. 7. Requested Articles: Computer Security
  9. 9.  Every page edit is publicly visible.  Every page edit you make is traceable to your user account.  Talk pages are Wikipedia's version of peer review.  A lot of extra information is available in the View History tab. Anatomy of a Wikipedia Page
  10. 10. Anatomy of a Wikipedia Page – View History
  11. 11.  Select Edit to view wikitext markup Anatomy of a Wikipedia Page - Editing
  12. 12.  You can enter an explanation of your changes in the Edit summary box, which you'll find below the edit window.  If the change you have made to a page is minor, check the box "This is a minor edit." Anatomy of a Wikipedia Page – Edit Summary
  13. 13.  You should always use the Show preview button. After you've entered a change in the edit box for the sandbox, click the Show preview. This lets you see what the page will look like after your edit, before you actually save. Anatomy of a Wikipedia Page – Show Preview
  14. 14. USER PAGES
  15. 15. • Click on Create account to sign up for a Wikipedia editor account. • Use your real name or a pseudonym. User Pages
  16. 16. • Usernames are governed by Wikipedia policy. • Anonymity is preferred. • If you are not sure which username to create, click help me choose: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wi kipedia:Username_policy User Pages
  17. 17. • Click on your Username in the top left to view your User Page. • Select Edit to make edits to your User Page. • Using this Cheatsheet, write something about yourself. User Pages
  19. 19. Over the next few weeks, add some well-cited sentences and paragraphs to articles in your area of expertise. In the following slides, we’ll offer some guidelines and helpful tips about editing Wikipedia articles. WHAT NOW? BE BOLD!
  20. 20. To experiment, you can use the shared sandbox or your personal sandbox (add {{My Sandbox|replace with your user name}} on your user page for future easy access). Editing the Sandbox
  21. 21. For a citation to appear in a footnote, it needs to be enclosed in "ref" tags (i.e. <ref>citation</ref>). …or highlight your whole citation and then click the markup icon to automatically enclose your citation in ref tags. References and Citations –Footnotes
  22. 22. On a new page, you may need to create a section usually named "Notes" or "References" near the end of the page: == Notes == <references /> or... == Notes == {{Reflist}} Example of a complete footnote: <ref>Name of author, [http://www.nytimes.com/article_name.html "Title of article"], ''The New York Times'', date</ref> References and Citations - Footnote
  23. 23. When you’re ready, add a citation to a page in your area of expertise! 1. In your sandbox, insert a reference for the book Tom Sawyer using the Worldcat entry for this book: Twain, Mark, and Paul Geiger. 1985. The adventures of Tom Sawyer. Pleasantville, N.Y.: Reader's Digest Association. 2. Insert a reference using a citation template for this magazine article: Li, Shirley. "Roger Ebert's Wikipedia [Citation Needed]." The Atlantic. October 9, 2014. Article link References and Citations – Your Turn!
  24. 24. • Do not copy-paste text from a website directly into Wikipedia. Paraphrasing and citation is necessary. • Most of Wikipedia's text and many of its images are co- licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution- ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC BY-SA) and the GNU Free Documentation License (GFDL) . Copyright and Wikipedia
  25. 25. Every image has a description page which indicates the license under which it is released or, if it is non-free, the rationale under which it is used. Copyright– Wikimedia Commons
  26. 26. Copyright– Wikimedia Commons
  28. 28. Wikipedia Conduct Policies • Civility • Clean start • Consensus • Dispute resolution • Edit warring • Editing policy • Harassment • No personal attacks • Ownership of articles • Sock puppetry • Username policy • Vandalism https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:List_of_policies#Conduct
  29. 29. Neutral point of view – All Wikipedia articles and other encyclopedic content must be written from a neutral point of view, representing significant views fairly, proportionately and without bias. Basic Rules: Core Content Policies
  30. 30. Verifiability – Material challenged or likely to be challenged, and all quotations, must be attributed to a reliable, published source. In Wikipedia, verifiability means that people reading and editing the encyclopedia can check that information comes from a reliable source. Basic Rules: Core Content Policies
  31. 31. No original research – Wikipedia does not publish original thought: all material in Wikipedia must be attributable to a reliable, published source. Articles may not contain any new analysis or synthesis of published material that serves to advance a position not clearly advanced by the sources. BASIC RULES: CORE CONTENT POLICIESBasic Rules: Core Content Policies
  32. 32. If you think you have a Conflict Of Interest (COI), don’t create the article, post that someone else should create it on a related talk page. Basic Rules: Conflict of Interest
  33. 33. If available, academic and peer-reviewed publications are usually the most reliable sources. Other reliable sources include: • university-level textbooks • books published by respected publishing houses • magazines • journals • mainstream newspapers More information here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Verifiability#What_coun ts_as_a_reliable_source Basic Rules: Reliable Source
  34. 34. BASIC RULES: NOTABILITY What if notability guidelines reproduce structural sexism and racism? How can we address and amend this? Basic Rules: Notability
  35. 35. BASIC RULES: NOTABILITYContent Guidelines • Cite sources • Do not create hoaxes • No full text of primary sources • Identify reliable sources • No plagiarism • No patent nonsense
  36. 36. • Post a question on the talk page of another Wikipedia User's talk page. • Ask a question to the Wikipedia Teahouse question board. • Resolving disputes; Wikipedia:Dispute resolution, Wikipedia:Etiquette, Wikipedia:Staying cool when the editing gets hot. • Email info@art.plusfeminism.org with specific Wikipedia editing questions if you can't find what you need on Wikipedia Asking for Help and Resolving Disputes
  37. 37. THANK YOU! // Q&A By Michael Mandiberg (Own work) [CC-BY-SA-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons
  38. 38. OWASPWikiand Wikipedia Learnhowtoedit theOWASPWiki LearnaboutAppSec onWikipedia JoinWikiProjectsto MakeAppSecVisible NoreenWhysel OWASPCommunityManager