Semiotics final bmo

Olivia Llagostera, Barbara Van Stigt and Maria Eugenia Errobidarte
Clockwork Orange


“Based on Anthony Burgess's disturbing novel about England
in the totalitarian future, Malcolm McDowell portrays Alex, a
Beethoven-loving, head-bashing punk who leads his gang of
droogs on ultra-violent assaults--until he is captured by
authorities and subjected to nasty behavior-modification
therapy”.
Technical Information
-Title: A Clockwork Orange

-Date of Release: 1971

-Language: English / Slang

-Director: Stanley Kubrick

-Writer: Stanley Kubrick (Screenplay)
         Anthony Burgess (Novel)

-Genre: Crime, Satire, Thriller, Sci-Fi

-Run time: 136 min

-Camera: Newman Sinclair and Arriflex 35 IIC

-Location: Binsey Walk, Southmere Lake, Thamesmead South, London, England, UK
Filming Techniques
- Many documentary style techniques used (2$ million budget)
- Music played while filming at the set. Not included later in post production.
- Only shooting with natural light.
- Using a wheelchair for tracking shots.
- Originally ‘X’ Rated, Kubrick replaced 30 seconds of the film to change the rating to ‘R’.


- The film took 7 months to shoot (the fastest produced film by Kubrick).
- Many scenes were filmed with a fisheye lens to give a dream- like, fantasy quality.
- The film was mostly shot on location around London with very little studio usage.
- Handheld cameras were used for aesthetic intimacy.
- The use of slow motion and speeded up frames to emphasize some fight, rape and
violence scenes, it very often contradicts the characters actions.
Stanley Kubrick

     - 1928-1999
     - American filmmaker, screenwriter and producer
     - Born in New York, late Sixties moved to England
     - Visual Effects: A Space Odyssey (1968)
     - Most of his films are based on novels
     - Main themes used: war, sex, violence and the dark side of human nature
     - The use of long "zooming out" and "zooming in" techniques
     - Many close-ups of intensely emotional faces
     - All of Kubrick's films feature a scene that takes place in a bathroom


Films and Documentaries:
•Day of the Fight (1951)   •Killer's Kiss (1955)   •A Space Odyssey (1968) (Oscar)
                                                                                     •Full Metal Jacket (1987)
•Feature films:            •Spartacus (1960)       •A Clockwork Orange (1971)
                                                                                     •Eyes Wide Shut (1999)
•Fear and Desire (1953)    •Lolita (1962)          •The Shining (1980)
“A Clockwork Orange”

- A person who has the appearance of an organism lovely with colour and juice but is
in fact only a clockwork toy to be wound up by God or the Devil or the Almighty State.

-"Application of a mechanistic morality to a living organism oozing with juice and
sweetness". - Anthony Burgess

- Robotic behaviorally but human in all other aspects.
A Clockwork Orange

“There was me, that is Alex, and my three droogs, that is Pete, Georgie, and Dim, and
we sat in the Korova Milkbar trying to make up our rassoodocks what to do with the
evening. The Korova milkbar sold milk-plus, milk plus vellocet or synthemesc or
drencrom, which is what we were drinking. This would sharpen you up and make you
ready for a bit of the old ultra-violence.”
                                                    - Alex
A Clockwork Orange
Historical and Social Context
-England in the near future, forms of futuristic art work in a mood of rejection of moral principals and
religion- sculpted, sleek, hygienic white glass nude furniture and statues are used.

-The central idea of the film has to do with the question of free-will. The movie takes place in a corrupted
and totalitarian society in England’s 60’s.

-Their names are symbolic: Alex represents the heroic and majestic leader, Alexander the Great, but in
this case "A-lex" - a man without law or 'a law unto himself.' A-lex literally means 'without law.'.

-The droogs have Russian names and Dim is probably a shortened version of Dimitri.

-The film makes a reference to Christ. (Alex brutally fantasizes about being a Roman guard at the
Crucifixion while he feigns Bible study in the prison library).

-Everything that happens in the movie is seen though Alex’s eyes, this may have some effect in
distancing the violence and it’s context.

-In the film, the State is worse than the criminals and the scientists are worse than the State.

-The prison is the most acceptable place in the whole movie. Music is used as a cultural reference. The
use of modern and pop art (milk bar, cat lady house...)
The Counter Culture


             A counterculture rejects or challenges mainstream culture or particular elements of it.

- Rebel against the accepted or acceptable way of doing things.

- Struggle for liberation when you are oppressed or marginalised.

- Creating your own culture when you aren’t happy with the culture around you and finding new ways to
represent.


It happened during the Sixties were denoting the complex of inter-related cultural and political trends in the
west

People opposing of political and cultural situation and wanting a social revolution.
The Counter Culture
POLITICS:
-In UK, the Labour Party gained power in 1964 - a left-of-center political party formed in 1900 to represent
the interest of ordinary working people.

-In the UK violence and crime were increasing. The total figures for reported crime in the sixties went up to
21,046 in 1968.


MOVIE INDUSTRY IN THE 60‘s
-Movies began to break social taboos such as sex and violence causing both controversy and fascination.

-This was the beginning of the New Hollywood era.




                                                                   Harold Wilson:
                                                                Labour Party - Prime
     Janet Leigh
                                                                     Minister
    Psycho, 1960
                                                                  1964-1970 and
                                                                    1974-1976
Cast and Characters


Leading actor
Malcolm McDowell Alex

Supporting actors / actresses
Warren Clarke         Dim
James Marcus          Georgie
Michael Tarn          Pete
Patrick Magee         Mr Alexander
Michael Bates         Chief Guard
Adrienne Corri        Mrs. Alexander
Carl Duering          Dr Brodsky
Cast and Characters
                                                         F. Alexander:
                                                         - He is a writer that bases all his action on
                                                         concept
Pete:                                                    - He is a strong believer of human rights and
- A member of Alex’s gang.                               free will
- He is the simplest member and least important of the   - However he turns out to be the hypocrite
gang.                                                    - He also proves that there can be evil and
                                                         violence in everyone
Dim:
- A member of Alex’s gang who later becomes a police
officer.
                                                         Interior Minister:
- He is the biggest, strongest, yet stupidest member.
                                                         - Represents the highest ranking
- He fights with a chain.
                                                         - Leads an extremely repressive government
                                                         - His only concern is the stability of the society
Georgie:
                                                         - Sets up two major policies
- A member of Alex’s gang.
                                                         - Has the typical values of a socialist
- He is the most rebellious and head strong.
                                                         government that overlooks the needs and
- He is the one to lead the rebellion against Alex.
                                                         rights of individuals.
- He also joins the police force in the end.
                                                         - Also stands for a totalitarian government
                                                         using mass media to get the message across.
Clothing Analysis
- The uniforms look a lot like those used by the Nazis.

- The genital gard shows that he is protected
emotionally. Also gives him security due to it’s size, as if
showing off to have a big penis.

- Eroticism (using excessive decor cane/genital
protection).

- The white of the costumes stands for purity and
innocence it is a paradox as they believe in violence.

- The eyeball on Alex’s costumes stands for him being the
leader and have an eye on all the operations.

- The clown disguise means that the acts of violence
represent a game.

- The costumes are associated with male power.
Themes


Order in Society vs. Freedom of Choice
The Necessity of Evil in Human Nature
        Youth Culture in Britain
   Interdependance of Life and Art
          Sexual aggression
       Representation of Women
               Religion
Themes


                    Order in Society vs. Freedom of Choice
- Freedom to make choices is problematic when undermining safety and stability of society.

- The state protects society by taking away the freedom of choice.

- Alex, rapes, murders and steals which is dangerous. By taking away his ability to choose is just as
   dangerous: element of humanity.
Themes


       The Necessity of Evil in Human Nature

-Importance of evil as well as good in human nature.
-Being “bad” is what makes him human.
-The “Ludovico” treatment makes him less dangerous, but also less human.
-Alex doesn’t become good because he chose to.
Themes


Youth Culture in Britain
      East London
      Drug taking
      Milk bar
      Violent Nature
      Gangs
Themes


                                  Interdependance of Life and Art

-Characters view and use art in many different ways.

-Singing in the rain scene - transforms a violent act into a song and dance, distancing himself from the brutality and
from his victims suffering.

-Alex uses music, film and art to express and understand his life.

- The cat lady, expresses sexuality through her statues and her paintings. (Through art, she makes sexuality an object
not to be touched).

- Art has potential for good an evil.

- Kubirck makes sex and violence look unreal in the film. He directs fight scenes to look like dance, slows down the
camera, and distorts images. He plays with out perceptions so that we never forget we are watching a work of art.

- In many sets there are pieces of art present in the background, which creates another reference to art.
Themes

                                       Sexual aggression

- Sex is not an expression of love or intimacy, but rather an exhibition of power and violence.

- All human relationships revolve around the question of control.

Sexual References:

   Phalic: Nose Masks
           Two teenage girls (teeny boppers), licking phalic shaped ice cream lolli pops.

   Orgies: Has sex with teeny boppers in turns, which is filmed in ultra speed creating a reference to art
Themes

                             Representation of Women
-Women are portrayed through Alex’s eyes:

1. Mother Figures (His own mother)
2. Sexual Objects used for rape and portrayed in a vulnerable way.

Example: In the props at the Milk bar (tables are naked female mannequins) - dehumanising.

The girls from the music store, he immediately perceives them as sexual objects and later has a
threesome with them.
Themes

                 Religion

- Jesus Christ statues represents 4 droogs
- Alex relationship with religion
Symbols

                                 The Korova Milk Bar
- Dual image of innocence and misbehaviour.
- Mothers milk symbolizes comfort and nurturing
- Only teenangers drinking milk
- Milk refering to babies
- The fact that the milk flows from women in sexual position isn’t sexual at all.
- Drugs in the milk – heighten their tendency for ultra violence
- Bar reflects Alex own nature – childlike and frightfully brutal
Themes

                                                  Music

- Music brings Alex to ecstasy.

- Signal of freedom of choice.

- Music connects the movie to history.

- References to Ludwig van Beethoven throughout the whole movie, using different Symphonies.

- Represents a sacred ideal for Alex - Highest form of art therefore joy.

- Compositions always accompany perpetration of crimes.

- Crimes apparently committed for aesthetic or sensory ecstacy.
Symbols


Ludwig van Beethoven, Wolgang Amadeus Mozart, Handel
Alex’s crimes are simply comitted for his own plesaure.

Beethoven, Mozart & Handel’s classical music is perceived as art by many.
Alex uses art as a type of ecstacy and therefore the music is a vehicle to his actions.



                 Ludwig van Beethoven’s Ninth Symphony
        - Beethoven meant to express the heights of human goodness rather than abandonment

        - Ninth symphony punctuates heights and depths of human experience.
Symbols

                                             Cigarettes


Known as "cancers" in nadsat, giving them a negative connotation

Cigarettes used to perceive a cool image / Modern Youth.




                                                Blood
To Alex, blood is beauty.
- Blood symbolizes vitality and energy.
- Alex experiences joy from blood.
- Alex takes pleasure in his descriptions of the red, hot blood that poors out of his victims.
Broken Elevator = Iconic Imagery
- Reflects the society
- Decadent / chic
- Lack of functionality


Mirror = Symbolic Imagery
 -Truth or vanity
 - Reflection of one self
 - Becomes himself


Jesus = Iconic Imagery
- Martyr figure
- Sacrifices his individual identity for society
- Sayings of Christ


Facial Expression = Indexical Imagery
- Pleasuring himself
- Strong sexual connotation
- Very real
Symbols


                              ORANGE
                                 - Vibrant
                                  - Energy
                                 - Warmth

- A stimulator (for emotions and appetite).
- Demands attention.
- Indicate a bridge between two opposing factors (Good Versus Evil and Order
of Society Versus Freeedom of Choice.
- Used to get people thinking or talking.
Motifs

                                                Slang

- The slang that they use is known as Nadsat (meaning teen in Russian)
- A mix of old Russian and cockney English
- Only used by teenagers as a form of rebelliousm
- The language was invented at the time of the two biggest superpowers: American Capitalist
Democracy & Soviet Communism
- Its used as a teenager language


Examples
The old in and out = sex
Bratty = Brother
 Deng = Money
Baddiwad Bad
pee and em = pop and mom
 sarky = sarcastic
 sinny = cinema
Scene
Scene

Characters:

- Mr. Alexander
- Ms. Alexander
- Alex
- Georgie
- Pete
- Dim
Scene


- Mr & Misses Alexander’s house.

- In their living room.

- The droogs invade their home.

- Miss Alexander won’t let the droogs in (door bell is to the fifth symphony of Beethoven) - “never let
strangers in” as a moral value.

- Rape Miss Alexander.

(When Alex comes home, we find out they have also taken money and watches from the Alexander’s
property as he adds them to his collection in his nightstand).
Scene


            Clothes and Costumes

- 4 droogs: White Typical Costume
- Mr. Alexander: Hawai floral print shirt (Orange print)
- Mrs. Alexander: Orange Red Mono
Scene
                     Symbols

- Colour Orange (Typewriter, tables, clothing of
Alexander’s).

- House: Ultra Modern home, prediciting futurustic
arhectecial design ( Burges writes the novel in
futurustic England

- “Home” - Hanging on the gate of the home
where F. Alexander lives.

Part 1: When going to Alexander’s home they are
seeking violence and fun time. Their actions
oppose all positive connections of a home-

Part 3: Alex goes to the same “Home”, after being
left out by Georgie and Pete. “Home” here
symbolizes a place of refugee, solice and a
“meeting of minds” (F. Alexander and Alex are
both against the government now) against the
government.
Scene
               Objects
- Typewriter
- White Chair: Futurism
- Mirror: Surrealism - Reflection - Sexual
- Black & White floor
- Painting: Reassurance
- Masks: Phalic-nosed
Scene

                                                    Music



-“Singing in the Rain” by Gene Kelly.

- Transforms a violent act into a song and dance, distancing himself from the brutality and from his victims
suffering..

- The music adds to his ironic connotation.


- Non Verbal Communication (Dancing)     .
Signs

- Qualisign - White Clothing

- Single Sign - Genital Gard

- Legisign - Milk

- Rhema = Alex’s clothing, behaviour and actions

- Dicent= Eyelash

- Argument= Eyelash shows Alex is the leader as he is the only
one wearing it.

- Eyelash only on one eye (Good Versus Evil)
Model Of Communication Scene
Model of Communication




- Sender: Alex

- Reciever: Audience

- Channel:Cinema

- Context: Alex is the leader

- Message: Alex through physical agression, demonstrates leadership.

- Code: Physical Agression
Thank You
1 sur 40

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Semiotics final bmo

  • 1. Olivia Llagostera, Barbara Van Stigt and Maria Eugenia Errobidarte
  • 2. Clockwork Orange “Based on Anthony Burgess's disturbing novel about England in the totalitarian future, Malcolm McDowell portrays Alex, a Beethoven-loving, head-bashing punk who leads his gang of droogs on ultra-violent assaults--until he is captured by authorities and subjected to nasty behavior-modification therapy”.
  • 3. Technical Information -Title: A Clockwork Orange -Date of Release: 1971 -Language: English / Slang -Director: Stanley Kubrick -Writer: Stanley Kubrick (Screenplay) Anthony Burgess (Novel) -Genre: Crime, Satire, Thriller, Sci-Fi -Run time: 136 min -Camera: Newman Sinclair and Arriflex 35 IIC -Location: Binsey Walk, Southmere Lake, Thamesmead South, London, England, UK
  • 4. Filming Techniques - Many documentary style techniques used (2$ million budget) - Music played while filming at the set. Not included later in post production. - Only shooting with natural light. - Using a wheelchair for tracking shots. - Originally ‘X’ Rated, Kubrick replaced 30 seconds of the film to change the rating to ‘R’. - The film took 7 months to shoot (the fastest produced film by Kubrick). - Many scenes were filmed with a fisheye lens to give a dream- like, fantasy quality. - The film was mostly shot on location around London with very little studio usage. - Handheld cameras were used for aesthetic intimacy. - The use of slow motion and speeded up frames to emphasize some fight, rape and violence scenes, it very often contradicts the characters actions.
  • 5. Stanley Kubrick - 1928-1999 - American filmmaker, screenwriter and producer - Born in New York, late Sixties moved to England - Visual Effects: A Space Odyssey (1968) - Most of his films are based on novels - Main themes used: war, sex, violence and the dark side of human nature - The use of long "zooming out" and "zooming in" techniques - Many close-ups of intensely emotional faces - All of Kubrick's films feature a scene that takes place in a bathroom Films and Documentaries: •Day of the Fight (1951) •Killer's Kiss (1955) •A Space Odyssey (1968) (Oscar) •Full Metal Jacket (1987) •Feature films: •Spartacus (1960) •A Clockwork Orange (1971) •Eyes Wide Shut (1999) •Fear and Desire (1953) •Lolita (1962) •The Shining (1980)
  • 6. “A Clockwork Orange” - A person who has the appearance of an organism lovely with colour and juice but is in fact only a clockwork toy to be wound up by God or the Devil or the Almighty State. -"Application of a mechanistic morality to a living organism oozing with juice and sweetness". - Anthony Burgess - Robotic behaviorally but human in all other aspects.
  • 7. A Clockwork Orange “There was me, that is Alex, and my three droogs, that is Pete, Georgie, and Dim, and we sat in the Korova Milkbar trying to make up our rassoodocks what to do with the evening. The Korova milkbar sold milk-plus, milk plus vellocet or synthemesc or drencrom, which is what we were drinking. This would sharpen you up and make you ready for a bit of the old ultra-violence.” - Alex
  • 9. Historical and Social Context -England in the near future, forms of futuristic art work in a mood of rejection of moral principals and religion- sculpted, sleek, hygienic white glass nude furniture and statues are used. -The central idea of the film has to do with the question of free-will. The movie takes place in a corrupted and totalitarian society in England’s 60’s. -Their names are symbolic: Alex represents the heroic and majestic leader, Alexander the Great, but in this case "A-lex" - a man without law or 'a law unto himself.' A-lex literally means 'without law.'. -The droogs have Russian names and Dim is probably a shortened version of Dimitri. -The film makes a reference to Christ. (Alex brutally fantasizes about being a Roman guard at the Crucifixion while he feigns Bible study in the prison library). -Everything that happens in the movie is seen though Alex’s eyes, this may have some effect in distancing the violence and it’s context. -In the film, the State is worse than the criminals and the scientists are worse than the State. -The prison is the most acceptable place in the whole movie. Music is used as a cultural reference. The use of modern and pop art (milk bar, cat lady house...)
  • 10. The Counter Culture A counterculture rejects or challenges mainstream culture or particular elements of it. - Rebel against the accepted or acceptable way of doing things. - Struggle for liberation when you are oppressed or marginalised. - Creating your own culture when you aren’t happy with the culture around you and finding new ways to represent. It happened during the Sixties were denoting the complex of inter-related cultural and political trends in the west People opposing of political and cultural situation and wanting a social revolution.
  • 11. The Counter Culture POLITICS: -In UK, the Labour Party gained power in 1964 - a left-of-center political party formed in 1900 to represent the interest of ordinary working people. -In the UK violence and crime were increasing. The total figures for reported crime in the sixties went up to 21,046 in 1968. MOVIE INDUSTRY IN THE 60‘s -Movies began to break social taboos such as sex and violence causing both controversy and fascination. -This was the beginning of the New Hollywood era. Harold Wilson: Labour Party - Prime Janet Leigh Minister Psycho, 1960 1964-1970 and 1974-1976
  • 12. Cast and Characters Leading actor Malcolm McDowell Alex Supporting actors / actresses Warren Clarke Dim James Marcus Georgie Michael Tarn Pete Patrick Magee Mr Alexander Michael Bates Chief Guard Adrienne Corri Mrs. Alexander Carl Duering Dr Brodsky
  • 13. Cast and Characters F. Alexander: - He is a writer that bases all his action on concept Pete: - He is a strong believer of human rights and - A member of Alex’s gang. free will - He is the simplest member and least important of the - However he turns out to be the hypocrite gang. - He also proves that there can be evil and violence in everyone Dim: - A member of Alex’s gang who later becomes a police officer. Interior Minister: - He is the biggest, strongest, yet stupidest member. - Represents the highest ranking - He fights with a chain. - Leads an extremely repressive government - His only concern is the stability of the society Georgie: - Sets up two major policies - A member of Alex’s gang. - Has the typical values of a socialist - He is the most rebellious and head strong. government that overlooks the needs and - He is the one to lead the rebellion against Alex. rights of individuals. - He also joins the police force in the end. - Also stands for a totalitarian government using mass media to get the message across.
  • 14. Clothing Analysis - The uniforms look a lot like those used by the Nazis. - The genital gard shows that he is protected emotionally. Also gives him security due to it’s size, as if showing off to have a big penis. - Eroticism (using excessive decor cane/genital protection). - The white of the costumes stands for purity and innocence it is a paradox as they believe in violence. - The eyeball on Alex’s costumes stands for him being the leader and have an eye on all the operations. - The clown disguise means that the acts of violence represent a game. - The costumes are associated with male power.
  • 15. Themes Order in Society vs. Freedom of Choice The Necessity of Evil in Human Nature Youth Culture in Britain Interdependance of Life and Art Sexual aggression Representation of Women Religion
  • 16. Themes Order in Society vs. Freedom of Choice - Freedom to make choices is problematic when undermining safety and stability of society. - The state protects society by taking away the freedom of choice. - Alex, rapes, murders and steals which is dangerous. By taking away his ability to choose is just as dangerous: element of humanity.
  • 17. Themes The Necessity of Evil in Human Nature -Importance of evil as well as good in human nature. -Being “bad” is what makes him human. -The “Ludovico” treatment makes him less dangerous, but also less human. -Alex doesn’t become good because he chose to.
  • 18. Themes Youth Culture in Britain East London Drug taking Milk bar Violent Nature Gangs
  • 19. Themes Interdependance of Life and Art -Characters view and use art in many different ways. -Singing in the rain scene - transforms a violent act into a song and dance, distancing himself from the brutality and from his victims suffering. -Alex uses music, film and art to express and understand his life. - The cat lady, expresses sexuality through her statues and her paintings. (Through art, she makes sexuality an object not to be touched). - Art has potential for good an evil. - Kubirck makes sex and violence look unreal in the film. He directs fight scenes to look like dance, slows down the camera, and distorts images. He plays with out perceptions so that we never forget we are watching a work of art. - In many sets there are pieces of art present in the background, which creates another reference to art.
  • 20. Themes Sexual aggression - Sex is not an expression of love or intimacy, but rather an exhibition of power and violence. - All human relationships revolve around the question of control. Sexual References: Phalic: Nose Masks Two teenage girls (teeny boppers), licking phalic shaped ice cream lolli pops. Orgies: Has sex with teeny boppers in turns, which is filmed in ultra speed creating a reference to art
  • 21. Themes Representation of Women -Women are portrayed through Alex’s eyes: 1. Mother Figures (His own mother) 2. Sexual Objects used for rape and portrayed in a vulnerable way. Example: In the props at the Milk bar (tables are naked female mannequins) - dehumanising. The girls from the music store, he immediately perceives them as sexual objects and later has a threesome with them.
  • 22. Themes Religion - Jesus Christ statues represents 4 droogs - Alex relationship with religion
  • 23. Symbols The Korova Milk Bar - Dual image of innocence and misbehaviour. - Mothers milk symbolizes comfort and nurturing - Only teenangers drinking milk - Milk refering to babies - The fact that the milk flows from women in sexual position isn’t sexual at all. - Drugs in the milk – heighten their tendency for ultra violence - Bar reflects Alex own nature – childlike and frightfully brutal
  • 24. Themes Music - Music brings Alex to ecstasy. - Signal of freedom of choice. - Music connects the movie to history. - References to Ludwig van Beethoven throughout the whole movie, using different Symphonies. - Represents a sacred ideal for Alex - Highest form of art therefore joy. - Compositions always accompany perpetration of crimes. - Crimes apparently committed for aesthetic or sensory ecstacy.
  • 25. Symbols Ludwig van Beethoven, Wolgang Amadeus Mozart, Handel Alex’s crimes are simply comitted for his own plesaure. Beethoven, Mozart & Handel’s classical music is perceived as art by many. Alex uses art as a type of ecstacy and therefore the music is a vehicle to his actions. Ludwig van Beethoven’s Ninth Symphony - Beethoven meant to express the heights of human goodness rather than abandonment - Ninth symphony punctuates heights and depths of human experience.
  • 26. Symbols Cigarettes Known as "cancers" in nadsat, giving them a negative connotation Cigarettes used to perceive a cool image / Modern Youth. Blood To Alex, blood is beauty. - Blood symbolizes vitality and energy. - Alex experiences joy from blood. - Alex takes pleasure in his descriptions of the red, hot blood that poors out of his victims.
  • 27. Broken Elevator = Iconic Imagery - Reflects the society - Decadent / chic - Lack of functionality Mirror = Symbolic Imagery -Truth or vanity - Reflection of one self - Becomes himself Jesus = Iconic Imagery - Martyr figure - Sacrifices his individual identity for society - Sayings of Christ Facial Expression = Indexical Imagery - Pleasuring himself - Strong sexual connotation - Very real
  • 28. Symbols ORANGE - Vibrant - Energy - Warmth - A stimulator (for emotions and appetite). - Demands attention. - Indicate a bridge between two opposing factors (Good Versus Evil and Order of Society Versus Freeedom of Choice. - Used to get people thinking or talking.
  • 29. Motifs Slang - The slang that they use is known as Nadsat (meaning teen in Russian) - A mix of old Russian and cockney English - Only used by teenagers as a form of rebelliousm - The language was invented at the time of the two biggest superpowers: American Capitalist Democracy & Soviet Communism - Its used as a teenager language Examples The old in and out = sex Bratty = Brother Deng = Money Baddiwad Bad pee and em = pop and mom sarky = sarcastic sinny = cinema
  • 30. Scene
  • 31. Scene Characters: - Mr. Alexander - Ms. Alexander - Alex - Georgie - Pete - Dim
  • 32. Scene - Mr & Misses Alexander’s house. - In their living room. - The droogs invade their home. - Miss Alexander won’t let the droogs in (door bell is to the fifth symphony of Beethoven) - “never let strangers in” as a moral value. - Rape Miss Alexander. (When Alex comes home, we find out they have also taken money and watches from the Alexander’s property as he adds them to his collection in his nightstand).
  • 33. Scene Clothes and Costumes - 4 droogs: White Typical Costume - Mr. Alexander: Hawai floral print shirt (Orange print) - Mrs. Alexander: Orange Red Mono
  • 34. Scene Symbols - Colour Orange (Typewriter, tables, clothing of Alexander’s). - House: Ultra Modern home, prediciting futurustic arhectecial design ( Burges writes the novel in futurustic England - “Home” - Hanging on the gate of the home where F. Alexander lives. Part 1: When going to Alexander’s home they are seeking violence and fun time. Their actions oppose all positive connections of a home- Part 3: Alex goes to the same “Home”, after being left out by Georgie and Pete. “Home” here symbolizes a place of refugee, solice and a “meeting of minds” (F. Alexander and Alex are both against the government now) against the government.
  • 35. Scene Objects - Typewriter - White Chair: Futurism - Mirror: Surrealism - Reflection - Sexual - Black & White floor - Painting: Reassurance - Masks: Phalic-nosed
  • 36. Scene Music -“Singing in the Rain” by Gene Kelly. - Transforms a violent act into a song and dance, distancing himself from the brutality and from his victims suffering.. - The music adds to his ironic connotation. - Non Verbal Communication (Dancing) .
  • 37. Signs - Qualisign - White Clothing - Single Sign - Genital Gard - Legisign - Milk - Rhema = Alex’s clothing, behaviour and actions - Dicent= Eyelash - Argument= Eyelash shows Alex is the leader as he is the only one wearing it. - Eyelash only on one eye (Good Versus Evil)
  • 39. Model of Communication - Sender: Alex - Reciever: Audience - Channel:Cinema - Context: Alex is the leader - Message: Alex through physical agression, demonstrates leadership. - Code: Physical Agression