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High Impact OER Adoption

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Keynote at UConn Symposium on Affordable Textbooks

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High Impact OER Adoption

  1. 1. High Impact OER Adoption: Ambitions, Practical Considerations, and Outcomes David Wiley, PhD @opencontent
  2. 2. Unless otherwise noted this presentation is licensed CC BY 4.0
  3. 3. “The World is Changed” Galadriel
  4. 4. Analog  Digital Music, Phones, TV, Newspapers, Movies, Journals, &c.
  5. 5. Tethered  Mobile Phones, Internet Access, Employment
  6. 6. Concealing  Sharing Photos, Videos, Journal Entries
  7. 7. Isolated  Connected People, Content, Systems
  8. 8. Generic  Personal Cars, Computers, Mobile Phones
  9. 9. Consuming  Creating Newspapers / Blogs Movies & TV / YouTube
  10. 10. Closed  Open Research (Articles, Journals) Data (Government, Weather, GIS) Content (Open Educational Resources)
  11. 11. Then vs Now Analog  Digital Tethered  Mobile Concealing  Sharing Isolated  Connected Generic  Personal Consuming  Creating Closed  Open
  12. 12. Education vs Everyday Analog  Digital Tethered  Mobile Concealing  Sharing Isolated  Connected Generic  Personal Consuming  Creating Closed  Open
  13. 13. “Daily Divide” (As opposed to the digital divide)
  14. 14. “Academic” (This is where the common usage derives)
  15. 15. “Academic” (This is where the common usage derives)
  16. 16. What About Online Learning?
  17. 17. What About Online Learning? Very innovative in 1993!
  18. 18. Online Learning Analog or Digital Tethered or Mobile Concealing or Sharing Isolated or Connected Generic or Personal Consuming or Creating Closed or Open
  19. 19. education
  20. 20. education =
  21. 21. education = sharing
  22. 22. sharing
  23. 23. what you know
  24. 24. sharing
  25. 25. feedback
  26. 26. sharing
  27. 27. encouragement
  28. 28. sharing
  29. 29. passion
  30. 30. sharing
  31. 31. yourself
  32. 32. “internet”
  33. 33. Handwriting Printing Press Internet Copying a book $1000s per copy $1s per copy $0.0001s per copy Distributing a book $1000s per copy $1s per copy $0.0001s per copy
  34. 34. unprecedented capacity
  35. 35. sharing
  36. 36. education = sharing
  37. 37. unprecedented capacity
  38. 38. education
  39. 39. except, it doesn’t
  40. 40. ©
  41. 41. Copyright Regulates Handwriting Printing Press Internet Copying a book $1000s per copy $1s per copy $0.0001s per copy Distributing a book $1000s per copy $1s per copy $0.0001s per copy
  42. 42. Internet Enables Copyright Forbids
  43. 43. Open Educational Resources
  44. 44. Which “open”?
  45. 45. open ≈ free
  46. 46. free is assumed online
  47. 47. open = free + permissions
  48. 48. Open 1. Free and unfettered access 2. Perpetual, irrevocable 5R permissions
  49. 49. • Make and own a copyRetain • Use in a wide range of waysReuse • Adapt, modify, and improveRevise • Combine two or moreRemix • Share with othersRedistribute The 5Rs
  50. 50. retain is fundamental
  51. 51. retain is prerequisite to revise and remix
  52. 52. • Make and own a copyRetain • Use in a wide range of waysReuse • Adapt, modify, and improveRevise • Combine two or moreRemix • Share with othersRedistribute The 5Rs
  53. 53. Open 1. Free and unfettered access 2. Perpetual, irrevocable 5R permissions
  54. 54. “Faux-pen” 1. Free (possibly gated) access 2. All rights reserved (or stronger)
  55. 55. Cost to Students Permissions to Faculty and Students Commercial Textbooks Expensive Restrictive Websites and Library Resources Free Restrictive Open Educational Resources Free 5Rs
  56. 56. Open Educational Resources 1. Free and unfettered access 2. Perpetual, irrevocable 5R permissions
  57. 57. traditionally © materials + internet
  58. 58. openly licensed materials + internet
  59. 59. Internet Enables Open Permits
  60. 60. OER Adoption Replacing whatever was previously in the “Required Materials” section of your syllabus with OER
  61. 61. High Impact OER Adoption Adoption that: 1. Improves affordability, 2. Improves student success, and 3. Does it at scale
  62. 62. High Impact OER Adoption Adoption that: 1. Improves affordability, 2. Improves student success, and 3. Does it at scale
  63. 63. Textbook Pricing in Context One Month Access to… Costs… Netflix – 20k Movies / TV Episodes $7.99 / month Spotify – 15M Songs $9.99 / month CourseSmart – 1 Biology Textbook $19.67 / month
  64. 64. There is a direct relationship between textbook costs and student success       60%+ do not purchase textbooks at some point due to cost 35% take fewer courses due to textbook cost 31% choose not to register for a course due to textbook cost 23% regularly go without textbooks due to cost 14% have dropped a course due to textbook cost 2012 Florida Virtual Campus student survey
  65. 65. Supporting faculty costs money Many institutions use a $5 - $10 fee
  66. 66. High Impact OER Adoption Adoption that: 1. Improves affordability, 2. Improves student success, and 3. Does it at scale
  67. 67. A Multi-Institutional Study of the Impact of Open Textbook Adoption on the Learning Outcomes of Post- secondary Students Fischer, Hilton, Robinson, and Wiley Journal of Computing in Higher Education (2015)
  68. 68. Participants • 4909 treatment • 11,818 control • 50 different undergraduate courses • 130 teachers • 10 institutions
  69. 69. Method Quasi-experimental design with: • Propensity score matched groups • Dependent variables: Completion; C or Better; Credits Enrolled This Term; Credits Enrolled Next Term • Independent variable: Textbook condition • 3 covariates: age, gender, and race
  70. 70. Propensity Score Matching
  71. 71. Journal of Computing in Higher Education (2015)
  72. 72. Credits Taken Semester OER Users Others Result Fall 13.29 11.14 t (8101) = 27.81 p < .01 Winter 10.71 9.16 F(1, 6440) = 154.08, p <.01 Journal of Computing in Higher Education (2015)
  73. 73. Improving Course Throughput Rates and Open Educational Resources: Results from the Z Degree Program at Tidewater Community College Hilton, Fischer, Wiley, and Williams Accepted International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning
  74. 74. Course Throughput Rate IRRODL (in press) Drop Deadline Withdraw Deadline Final Grade Students
  75. 75. Commercial vs OER 2.3% | 1.8% 9.9% | 8.1% 68% | 74% (Face to Face) 60% | 66% Drop Withdraw C or Better CTR IRRODL (in press)
  76. 76. Commercial vs OER 4.0% | 1.4% 13.7% | 13.1% 66% | 70% (Online) 54% | 60% Drop Withdraw C or Better CTR IRRODL (in press)
  77. 77. Mercy College: College Algebra Before and After OER + Emporium 64% 48% 69% 53% 74% 60% 77% 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% FALL TERM SPRING TERM YEAR # STUDENTS 2011 697 2012 695 2013 640 2011 486 2012 513 2013 457 2014 418 No OER All OER All OER Some OER All OER All OER All OER Passing rates up 60% Adapted from Zsuzsa Komeni-Fejes
  78. 78. The Tidewater Z-Degree and the INTRO Model for Sustaining OER Adoption Wiley, Hilton, Williams, and DeMarte Educational Policy Analysis Archives (2016)
  79. 79. 182 * .89 * $164.35 (in-state) * 3 + 182 * .11 * $358.95 (out-of-state) * 3 $101,042 INTRO annually INcreased Tuition Revenue (Open) Education Policy Analysis Archives (2016)
  80. 80. openedgroup.org/review
  81. 81. 11 Peer Reviewed Studies http://openedgroup.org/
  82. 82. 48,623 Students http://openedgroup.org/
  83. 83. 93% Same or Better Outcomes http://openedgroup.org/
  84. 84. 9 Peer Reviewed Studies of Perceptions of OER Quality http://openedgroup.org/
  85. 85. 4,510 Professors and Students http://openedgroup.org/
  86. 86. 50% Same35% Better 15% Worse http://openedgroup.org/
  87. 87. impact.lumenlearning.com
  88. 88. Ok. But how?
  89. 89. 1. Don’t stop at the swap
  90. 90. 2. Use outcomes as outline
  91. 91. Outcome Assessment Resources License 1. Students will understand statistical test… 60 second explainer video URL 1 Video 1 CC BY CC BY 2. Students will analyze data… Govt data analysis URL 1 URL 2 CC BY CC BY SA 3. … … … … Line ‘Em Up
  92. 92. 3. Rethink your assessments
  93. 93. “What does open allow me to do?”
  94. 94. Online Learning Analog or Digital Tethered or Mobile Concealing or Sharing Isolated or Connected Generic or Personal Consuming or Creating Closed or Open
  95. 95. Online Learning Analog or Digital Tethered or Mobile Concealing or Sharing Isolated or Connected Generic or Personal Consuming or Creating Closed or Open
  96. 96. Connecting It’s “hard” to connect to something if you don't have access to it
  97. 97. Personalizing It’s “hard” to personalize something if you don't have permission to modify it
  98. 98. Creating and Sharing It’s “hard” to make and share things when you’re constantly worried about being sued
  99. 99. When You Can Assume “Open” These problems disappear
  100. 100. OER-based Learning Analog or Digital Tethered or Mobile Concealing or Sharing Isolated or Connected Generic or Personal Consuming or Creating Closed or Open
  101. 101. Disposable Assignments Students hate doing them You hate grading them Huge wasted opportunity
  102. 102. US undergraduates spend approximately 40 million hours doing homework every year.
  103. 103. Renewable Assignments Students see value in doing them You see value in grading them The work is valuable
  104. 104. Learning Objects Book
  105. 105. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AsFU3sAlPx4
  106. 106. PM4ID
  107. 107. PM4ID
  108. 108. Renewable Assignments Are enabled by the open nature of OER
  109. 109. High Impact OER Adoption Adoption that: 1. Improves affordability, 2. Improves student success, and 3. Does it at scale
  110. 110. OER-based Degree When elective and required courses adopt OER so a student can graduate without ever being asked to buy a textbook
  111. 111. OER-based Degrees
  112. 112. OER-based Degrees
  113. 113. OER GenEd Pathway? No four year institution has made a significant commitment to OER. How about an OER-based pathway through GE requirements?
  114. 114. VCCS Zx23`
  115. 115. `
  116. 116. OER Office Hours http://lumenlearning.com/office-hours/
  117. 117. High Impact OER Adoption Can… 1. Improve affordability 2. Improve student success 3. At scale
  118. 118. `
  119. 119. More Discussion! @opencontent david@lumenlearning.com

Keynote at UConn Symposium on Affordable Textbooks

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