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OER 101

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Presentation for the OER Degrees kickoff meeting. Achieving the Dream, San Francisco, June 2016.

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OER 101

  1. 1. OER 101 David Wiley, PhD @opencontent
  2. 2. Unless otherwise noted this presentation is licensed CC BY 4.0
  3. 3. education
  4. 4. education =
  5. 5. education = sharing
  6. 6. sharing
  7. 7. what you know
  8. 8. sharing
  9. 9. feedback
  10. 10. sharing
  11. 11. encouragement
  12. 12. sharing
  13. 13. passion
  14. 14. sharing
  15. 15. yourself
  16. 16. “internet”
  17. 17. Handwriting Printing Press Internet Copying a book $1000s per copy $1s per copy $0.0001s per copy Distributing a book $1000s per copy $1s per copy $0.0001s per copy
  18. 18. unprecedented capacity
  19. 19. sharing
  20. 20. education = sharing
  21. 21. unprecedented capacity
  22. 22. education
  23. 23. except, it doesn’t
  24. 24. ©
  25. 25. Copyright Regulates Handwriting Printing Press Internet Copying a book $1000s per copy $1s per copy $0.0001s per copy Distributing a book $1000s per copy $1s per copy $0.0001s per copy
  26. 26. Internet Enables Copyright Forbids
  27. 27. Open Educational Resources
  28. 28. Which “open”?
  29. 29. open ≈ free
  30. 30. free is assumed online
  31. 31. open = free + permissions
  32. 32. Open 1. Free and unfettered access 2. Perpetual, irrevocable 5R permissions
  33. 33. • Make and own a copyRetain • Use in a wide range of waysReuse • Adapt, modify, and improveRevise • Combine two or moreRemix • Share with othersRedistribute The 5Rs
  34. 34. retain is fundamental
  35. 35. retain is prerequisite to revise and remix
  36. 36. • Make and own a copyRetain • Use in a wide range of waysReuse • Adapt, modify, and improveRevise • Combine two or moreRemix • Share with othersRedistribute The 5Rs
  37. 37. Open Educational Resources 1. Free and unfettered access 2. Perpetual, irrevocable 5R permissions
  38. 38. “Faux-pen” 1. Free (possibly gated) access 2. All rights reserved (or stronger)
  39. 39. “Closed Until Proven Open” 1. Online resources without an explicit copyright statement 2. Resources in library databases
  40. 40. traditionally © materials + internet
  41. 41. openly licensed materials + internet
  42. 42. Internet Enables OER Permits
  43. 43. OER Adoption Replacing whatever was previously in the “Required Materials” section of your syllabus with OER
  44. 44. High Impact OER Adoption Adoption that: 1. Improves affordability, 2. Improves student success, 3. Invigorates pedagogy, and 4. Does it at scale
  45. 45. High Impact OER Adoption Adoption that: 1. Improves affordability, 2. Improves student success, 3. Invigorates pedagogy, and 4. Does it at scale
  46. 46. Textbook Pricing in Context One Month Access to… Costs… Netflix – 20k Movies / TV Episodes $7.99 / month Spotify – 15M Songs $9.99 / month CourseSmart – 1 Biology Textbook $19.67 / month
  47. 47. There is a direct relationship between textbook costs and student success       60%+ do not purchase textbooks at some point due to cost 35% take fewer courses due to textbook cost 31% choose not to register for a course due to textbook cost 23% regularly go without textbooks due to cost 14% have dropped a course due to textbook cost 2012 Florida Virtual Campus student survey
  48. 48. High Impact OER Adoption Adoption that: 1. Improves affordability, 2. Improves student success, 3. Invigorates pedagogy, and 4. Does it at scale
  49. 49. A Multi-Institutional Study of the Impact of Open Textbook Adoption on the Learning Outcomes of Post- secondary Students Fischer, Hilton, Robinson, and Wiley Journal of Computing in Higher Education (2015)
  50. 50. Participants • 4909 treatment • 11,818 control • 50 different undergraduate courses • 130 teachers • 10 institutions
  51. 51. Method Quasi-experimental design with: • Propensity score matched groups • Dependent variables: Completion; C or Better; Credits Enrolled This Term; Credits Enrolled Next Term • Independent variable: Textbook condition • 3 covariates: age, gender, and race
  52. 52. Journal of Computing in Higher Education (2015)
  53. 53. Credits Taken Semester OER Users Others Result Fall 13.29 11.14 t (8101) = 27.81 p < .01 Winter 10.71 9.16 F(1, 6440) = 154.08, p <.01 Journal of Computing in Higher Education (2015)
  54. 54. Improving Course Throughput Rates and Open Educational Resources: Results from the Z Degree Program at Tidewater Community College Hilton, Fischer, Wiley, and Williams Accepted International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning
  55. 55. Course Throughput Rate IRRODL (in press) Drop Deadline Withdraw Deadline Final Grade Students
  56. 56. Commercial vs OER 2.3% | 1.8% 9.9% | 8.1% 68% | 74% (Face to Face) 60% | 66% Drop Withdraw C or Better CTR IRRODL (in press)
  57. 57. Commercial vs OER 4.0% | 1.4% 13.7% | 13.1% 66% | 70% (Online) 54% | 60% Drop Withdraw C or Better CTR IRRODL (in press)
  58. 58. openedgroup.org/review
  59. 59. impact.lumenlearning.com
  60. 60. Poverty Impedes Cognitive Function Mani, Mullainathan, Shafir, and Zhao Science (2013)
  61. 61. Study Design Participants • Shoppers in a New Jersey mall • Sugarcane farmers in India Test cognitive capacity during financial stress • Thinking through car repairs ($150 / $1500) • Before and after harvest
  62. 62. Results • Considering a financial decision affects people's performance on unrelated spatial and reasoning tasks. • Lower-income individuals performed poorly if the repairs were expensive but did fine if the cost was low. • Sugarcane farmers performed the same tasks better after harvest than before.
  63. 63. High Impact OER Adoption Adoption that: 1. Improves affordability, 2. Improves student success, 3. Invigorates pedagogy, and 4. Does it at scale
  64. 64. 1. Don’t stop at the swap
  65. 65. Take advantage of the additional capabilities (5Rs)
  66. 66. 2. Use outcomes as outline
  67. 67. Outcome Assessment Resources License 1. Students will understand statistical test… 60 second explainer video URL 1 Video 1 CC BY CC BY 2. Students will analyze data… Govt data analysis URL 1 URL 2 CC BY CC BY SA 3. … … … … Create Alignment
  68. 68. 3. Rethink your assessments
  69. 69. “What does open allow me to do?”
  70. 70. Disposable Assignments Students hate doing them You hate grading them Huge wasted opportunity
  71. 71. US undergraduates spend approximately 40 million hours doing homework every year.
  72. 72. Renewable Assignments Students see value in doing them You see value in grading them The work is valuable
  73. 73. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AsFU3sAlPx4
  74. 74. PM4ID
  75. 75. Renewable Assignments Are enabled by the open nature of OER
  76. 76. High Impact OER Adoption Adoption that: 1. Improves affordability, 2. Improves student success, 3. Invigorates pedagogy, and 4. Does it at scale
  77. 77. OER-based Degrees When elective and required courses adopt OER so a student can graduate without ever being asked to buy a textbook
  78. 78. OER-based Degrees
  79. 79. In summary…
  80. 80. Open Educational Resources 1. Free and unfettered access 2. Perpetual, irrevocable 5R permissions
  81. 81. “Closed Until Proven Open” 1. Online resources without an explicit copyright statement 2. Resources in library databases
  82. 82. High Impact OER Adoption Can: 1. Improves affordability, 2. Improves student success, 3. Invigorates pedagogy, and 4. Does it at scale
  83. 83. OER 101 @opencontent david@lumenlearning.com

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