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OER-Enabled Pedagogy
David Wiley, PhD
Lumen Learning / Creative Commons / BYU
@opencontent
Unless otherwise noted
this presentation is licensed CC BY 4.0
http://slideshare.net/opencontent/
A Word About Lumen
• Founded in 2012 here in Portland, OR
• 30 people
• Services and tools to make OER adoption
(1) simple...
Why not “open pedagogy?”
“OER-enabled Pedagogy”
Open Educational Resources (OER)
Which “open”?
open ≈ free
the internet is already free to
read / watch / listen to
open = free + permissions
• Make and own a copyRetain
• Use in a wide range of waysReuse
• Adapt, modify, and improveRevise
• Combine two or moreRem...
• Make and own a copyRetain
• Use in a wide range of waysReuse
• Adapt, modify, and improveRevise
• Combine two or moreRem...
Open
Free plus permission to engage in
the 5R activities
“Faux-pen”
1. Free (but gated) access
2. All Rights Reserved plus draconian
Terms of Use
Cost to
Students
Permissions
for Faculty and
Students
Commercial Textbooks Expensive Restrictive
“The Web”
MOOCs
Library R...
OER Examples
Full courses, complete textbooks,
chapters, modules, videos, simulations,
assessments, syllabi, etc.
Pedagogy
The theory and practice of teaching
OER-Enabled Pedagogy
The set of teaching and learning
practices only possible or practical
when you have permission to eng...
Why OER-Enabled Pedagogy?
1. We learn by the things we do.
2. Copyright restricts what we are
permitted to do.
3. Conseque...
“OER-enabled”
Not it’s own form of pedagogy
“OER-enabled”
What do the 5R activities enable in the
context of your preferred pedagogy?
“OER-enabled”
Should be used as a modifier with
“real” pedagogies
“OER-enabled”
OER-enabled constructionist pedagogy
Constructionist Pedagogy
We learn best when we’re “actively
engaged in constructing something that
has personal meaning to...
Constructionist Pedagogy
Learning “happens especially felicitously
in a context where the learner is
consciously engaged i...
Student
creates
an
artifact
Artifact has
personal
meaning for
student
Artifact is
shared
publicly
Artifact is
shared
under...
OER-E Constructivist Pedagogy
From knowledge “consumers” to
knowledge creators
OER-E Constructivist Pedagogy
From knowledge “consumers” to
knowledge creators
From knowledge creators to
enabling other k...
OER-ECP
Examples
Medical School Students
• UCSF Expanding WikiProject Medicine -
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:WikiP
roject_Medic...
Graduate Students
• District Policies Regarding Blogs and Wikis -
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4_Lk2uU
_elU
• PM4ID - h...
Undergraduate Students
• Murder, Madness, Mayhem: Latin American
Literature in Translation -
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki...
Middle and High School Students
A Preliminary Exploration of the
Relationships Between Student-
Created OER, Sustainability, and
Student Success at the Se...
Online, public
charter school
➢ Opened in 2009 as
Open High School
of Utah
➢ 7-12 grades
➢ 575 full-time
students
➢ 200 pa...
Research Context
• Course on Digital Photography
• Data covering 181 middle and high school
students over 4 years
• Teache...
Methodology
• Post-hoc design
• Students were invited to create / remix
open tutorials, study guides, and games
• Extra cr...
IRRODL (in press)
US college students spend
approximately 40 million hours
doing homework every year
Reclaiming and Sustaining
1. Our current model of producing OER is
unsustainable (e.g., $500k - $1M / textbook).
2. In the...
Practical Considerations, 1
• Talking to students about open licensing
• Providing alternatives
• Talking to students abou...
Practical Considerations, 2
• Keeping your course OER outside the LMS
(public!)
• Managing attribution
• Time, time, time
...
Conversation!
david@lumenlearning.com
@opencontent
OER-Enabled Pedagogy
OER-Enabled Pedagogy
OER-Enabled Pedagogy
OER-Enabled Pedagogy
OER-Enabled Pedagogy
OER-Enabled Pedagogy
OER-Enabled Pedagogy
OER-Enabled Pedagogy
OER-Enabled Pedagogy
OER-Enabled Pedagogy
OER-Enabled Pedagogy
OER-Enabled Pedagogy
OER-Enabled Pedagogy
OER-Enabled Pedagogy
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Keynote address at Portland State University's 2017 OER Symposium. 11 May 2017. Portland, OR.

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OER-Enabled Pedagogy

  1. 1. OER-Enabled Pedagogy David Wiley, PhD Lumen Learning / Creative Commons / BYU @opencontent
  2. 2. Unless otherwise noted this presentation is licensed CC BY 4.0 http://slideshare.net/opencontent/
  3. 3. A Word About Lumen • Founded in 2012 here in Portland, OR • 30 people • Services and tools to make OER adoption (1) simple and (2) effective • CC BY license all content we create • Saved 110k+ students $10M in 2016 • Will save 160k+ students $15M in 2017 • Focus on at-risk students
  4. 4. Why not “open pedagogy?”
  5. 5. “OER-enabled Pedagogy”
  6. 6. Open Educational Resources (OER)
  7. 7. Which “open”?
  8. 8. open ≈ free
  9. 9. the internet is already free to read / watch / listen to
  10. 10. open = free + permissions
  11. 11. • Make and own a copyRetain • Use in a wide range of waysReuse • Adapt, modify, and improveRevise • Combine two or moreRemix • Share with othersRedistribute The 5R Activities
  12. 12. • Make and own a copyRetain • Use in a wide range of waysReuse • Adapt, modify, and improveRevise • Combine two or moreRemix • Share with othersRedistribute The 5R Activities
  13. 13. Open Free plus permission to engage in the 5R activities
  14. 14. “Faux-pen” 1. Free (but gated) access 2. All Rights Reserved plus draconian Terms of Use
  15. 15. Cost to Students Permissions for Faculty and Students Commercial Textbooks Expensive Restrictive “The Web” MOOCs Library Resources “Free” Restrictive Open Educational Resources Free 5Rs
  16. 16. OER Examples Full courses, complete textbooks, chapters, modules, videos, simulations, assessments, syllabi, etc.
  17. 17. Pedagogy The theory and practice of teaching
  18. 18. OER-Enabled Pedagogy The set of teaching and learning practices only possible or practical when you have permission to engage in the 5R activities.
  19. 19. Why OER-Enabled Pedagogy? 1. We learn by the things we do. 2. Copyright restricts what we are permitted to do. 3. Consequently, copyright restricts the ways we are permitted to learn. 4. Open removes these restrictions, permitting us to do new things. 5. Consequently, open permits us to learn in new ways.
  20. 20. “OER-enabled” Not it’s own form of pedagogy
  21. 21. “OER-enabled” What do the 5R activities enable in the context of your preferred pedagogy?
  22. 22. “OER-enabled” Should be used as a modifier with “real” pedagogies
  23. 23. “OER-enabled” OER-enabled constructionist pedagogy
  24. 24. Constructionist Pedagogy We learn best when we’re “actively engaged in constructing something that has personal meaning to [us] - be it a poem, a robot, a sandcastle, or a computer program.” - Seymour Papert
  25. 25. Constructionist Pedagogy Learning “happens especially felicitously in a context where the learner is consciously engaged in constructing a public entity.” - Seymour Papert
  26. 26. Student creates an artifact Artifact has personal meaning for student Artifact is shared publicly Artifact is shared under an open license Disposable X Authentic X X Constructionist X X X Renewable X X X X
  27. 27. OER-E Constructivist Pedagogy From knowledge “consumers” to knowledge creators
  28. 28. OER-E Constructivist Pedagogy From knowledge “consumers” to knowledge creators From knowledge creators to enabling other knowledge creators
  29. 29. OER-ECP Examples
  30. 30. Medical School Students • UCSF Expanding WikiProject Medicine - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:WikiP roject_Medicine/UCSF_Elective_2013
  31. 31. Graduate Students • District Policies Regarding Blogs and Wikis - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4_Lk2uU _elU • PM4ID - https://pm4id.org/ • Open Ed Reader- https://openedreader.org/
  32. 32. Undergraduate Students • Murder, Madness, Mayhem: Latin American Literature in Translation - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:WikiP roject_Murder_Madness_and_Mayhem • Robin's work
  33. 33. Middle and High School Students
  34. 34. A Preliminary Exploration of the Relationships Between Student- Created OER, Sustainability, and Student Success at the Secondary Level David Wiley, DeLaina Tonks, Sarah Weston, and Ashley Webb IRRODL, forthcoming
  35. 35. Online, public charter school ➢ Opened in 2009 as Open High School of Utah ➢ 7-12 grades ➢ 575 full-time students ➢ 200 part-time students CC-BY MountainHeightsAcademy
  36. 36. Research Context • Course on Digital Photography • Data covering 181 middle and high school students over 4 years • Teacher, course assignments, and grading rubrics remained stable over the four years IRRODL (in press)
  37. 37. Methodology • Post-hoc design • Students were invited to create / remix open tutorials, study guides, and games • Extra credit or TA credit • From no student-created OER to 10% of the course over four years • Compare student grades on course assignments IRRODL (in press)
  38. 38. IRRODL (in press)
  39. 39. US college students spend approximately 40 million hours doing homework every year
  40. 40. Reclaiming and Sustaining 1. Our current model of producing OER is unsustainable (e.g., $500k - $1M / textbook). 2. In the US alone, undergraduates spend about 40M hours per year on homework that is mostly thrown away. 3. Can students sustainably create OER that supports learning both by them and other students? YES.
  41. 41. Practical Considerations, 1 • Talking to students about open licensing • Providing alternatives • Talking to students about digital identity • Merging student OER into the "official" course OER
  42. 42. Practical Considerations, 2 • Keeping your course OER outside the LMS (public!) • Managing attribution • Time, time, time • Prioritizing contributions - http://lumenlearning.com/how/learning- lab/oer2/
  43. 43. Conversation! david@lumenlearning.com @opencontent
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Keynote address at Portland State University's 2017 OER Symposium. 11 May 2017. Portland, OR.

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