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The Power of
Open Educational Resources
David Wiley, PhD
@opencontent
Unless otherwise noted
this presentation is licensed CC BY 4.0
education
education =
education = sharing
sharing
what you know
sharing
feedback
sharing
encouragement
sharing
passion
sharing
yourself
“internet”
Handwriting Printing Press Internet
Copying
a book
$1000s per
copy
$1s per copy $0.0001s per
copy
Distributing
a book
$100...
unprecedented capacity
sharing
education = sharing
unprecedented capacity
education
except, it doesn’t
©
Copyright
Regulates
Handwriting Printing Press Internet
Copying
a book
$1000s per
copy
$1s per copy $0.0001s per
copy
Dist...
Internet
Enables
Copyright
Forbids
Open Educational Resources
Which “open”?
open ≈ free
free is assumed online
open = free + permissions
Free
Open
Open
1. Free and unfettered access
2. Perpetual, irrevocable 5R permissions
• Make and own a copyRetain
• Use in a wide range of waysReuse
• Adapt, modify, and improveRevise
• Combine two or moreRem...
retain is fundamental
retain is prerequisite
to revise and remix
• Make and own a copyRetain
• Use in a wide range of waysReuse
• Adapt, modify, and improveRevise
• Combine two or moreRem...
Open Educational Resources
1. Free and unfettered access
2. Perpetual, irrevocable 5R permissions
“Faux-pen”
1. Free (possibly gated) access
2. All rights reserved (or stronger)
traditionally © materials
+ internet
openly licensed materials
+ internet
Internet
Enables
OER
Permits
OER Examples
Full courses, complete textbooks,
chapters, modules, videos, simulations,
assessments, syllabi, etc.
OER Adoption
Replacing whatever was previously in
the “Required Materials” section of your
syllabus with OER
High Impact OER Adoption
Adoption that:
1. Improves affordability,
2. Improves student success,
3. Invigorates pedagogy, a...
High Impact OER Adoption
Adoption that:
1. Improves affordability,
2. Improves student success,
3. Invigorates pedagogy, a...
Textbook Pricing in Context
One Month Access to… Costs…
Netflix – 20k Movies / TV Episodes $7.99 / month
Spotify – 15M Son...
A Wizard of Earthsea
Studying from texts
written in
disappearing ink
“Disappearing Ink” Strategies
Buyback, rental, e-books
online subscriptions
The Academic Costs of Textbooks
35% take fewer courses
14% drop a course
10% withdraw from a course
23% go without textboo...
High Impact OER Adoption
Adoption that:
1. Improves affordability,
2. Improves student success,
3. Invigorates pedagogy, a...
A Multi-Institutional Study of the
Impact of Open Textbook Adoption
on the Learning Outcomes of Post-
secondary Students
F...
Participants
• 4,909 treatment
• 11,818 control
• 50 different undergraduate courses
• 130 teachers
• 10 institutions
Method
Quasi-experimental design with:
• Propensity score matched groups
• Dependent variables: Completion; C or Better;
C...
Journal of Computing in Higher Education (2015)
Credits Taken
Semester OER Users Others Result
Fall 13.29 11.14 t (8101) = 27.81 p < .01
Winter 10.71 9.16 F(1, 6440) = 15...
Improving Course Throughput Rates
and Open Educational Resources:
Results from the Z Degree Program
at Tidewater Community...
Course Throughput Rate
IRRODL (in press)
Drop
Deadline
Withdraw
Deadline
Final
Grade
Students
Commercial vs OER
2.3% | 1.8%
9.9% | 8.1%
68% | 74%
(Face to Face)
60% | 66%
Drop
Withdraw
C or Better
CTR
IRRODL (in pres...
Commercial vs OER
4.0% | 1.4%
13.7% | 13.1%
66% | 70%
(Online)
54% | 60%
Drop
Withdraw
C or Better
CTR
IRRODL (in press)
The Tidewater Z-Degree and the
INTRO Model for Sustaining OER
Adoption
Wiley, Hilton, Williams, and DeMarte
Educational Po...
182 * .89 * $164.35 (in-state) * 3
+ 182 * .11 * $358.95 (out-of-state) * 3
$101,042 INTRO annually
INcreased Tuition Reve...
openedgroup.org/review
impact.lumenlearning.com
High Impact OER Adoption
Adoption that:
1. Improves affordability,
2. Improves student success,
3. Invigorates pedagogy, a...
“What does open allow me to do?”
Disposable Assignments
Students hate doing them
You hate grading them
Huge wasted opportunity
US college students spend
approximately 40 million hours
doing homework every year.
Renewable Assignments
Students see value in doing them
You see value in grading them
The work adds value to the world
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AsFU3sAlPx4
PM4ID
Renewable Assignments
Are enabled by the open nature of OER
High Impact OER Adoption
Adoption that:
1. Improves affordability,
2. Improves student success,
3. Invigorates pedagogy, a...
OER-based Degrees
When elective and required courses
adopt OER so a student can
graduate without ever being asked
to buy a...
OER-based Degrees
OER-based Degrees
• Tidewater, NOVA (2013)
• VCCS Zx23 – 23 colleges (2015)
• Achieving the Dream
38 colleges (2016)
• Cal...
High Impact OER Adoption Can:
1. Improve affordability,
2. Improve student success,
3. Invigorate pedagogy, and
4. Do it a...
OER Office Hours
http://lumenlearning.com/office-hours/
Discussion
@opencontent
david@lumenlearning.com
The Power of Open Educational Resources
The Power of Open Educational Resources
The Power of Open Educational Resources
The Power of Open Educational Resources
The Power of Open Educational Resources
The Power of Open Educational Resources
The Power of Open Educational Resources
The Power of Open Educational Resources
The Power of Open Educational Resources
The Power of Open Educational Resources
The Power of Open Educational Resources
The Power of Open Educational Resources
The Power of Open Educational Resources
The Power of Open Educational Resources
The Power of Open Educational Resources
The Power of Open Educational Resources
The Power of Open Educational Resources
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Keynote address to the Michigan Community College Association. July 2016.

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The Power of Open Educational Resources

  1. 1. The Power of Open Educational Resources David Wiley, PhD @opencontent
  2. 2. Unless otherwise noted this presentation is licensed CC BY 4.0
  3. 3. education
  4. 4. education =
  5. 5. education = sharing
  6. 6. sharing
  7. 7. what you know
  8. 8. sharing
  9. 9. feedback
  10. 10. sharing
  11. 11. encouragement
  12. 12. sharing
  13. 13. passion
  14. 14. sharing
  15. 15. yourself
  16. 16. “internet”
  17. 17. Handwriting Printing Press Internet Copying a book $1000s per copy $1s per copy $0.0001s per copy Distributing a book $1000s per copy $1s per copy $0.0001s per copy
  18. 18. unprecedented capacity
  19. 19. sharing
  20. 20. education = sharing
  21. 21. unprecedented capacity
  22. 22. education
  23. 23. except, it doesn’t
  24. 24. ©
  25. 25. Copyright Regulates Handwriting Printing Press Internet Copying a book $1000s per copy $1s per copy $0.0001s per copy Distributing a book $1000s per copy $1s per copy $0.0001s per copy
  26. 26. Internet Enables Copyright Forbids
  27. 27. Open Educational Resources
  28. 28. Which “open”?
  29. 29. open ≈ free
  30. 30. free is assumed online
  31. 31. open = free + permissions
  32. 32. Free Open
  33. 33. Open 1. Free and unfettered access 2. Perpetual, irrevocable 5R permissions
  34. 34. • Make and own a copyRetain • Use in a wide range of waysReuse • Adapt, modify, and improveRevise • Combine two or moreRemix • Share with othersRedistribute The 5Rs
  35. 35. retain is fundamental
  36. 36. retain is prerequisite to revise and remix
  37. 37. • Make and own a copyRetain • Use in a wide range of waysReuse • Adapt, modify, and improveRevise • Combine two or moreRemix • Share with othersRedistribute The 5Rs
  38. 38. Open Educational Resources 1. Free and unfettered access 2. Perpetual, irrevocable 5R permissions
  39. 39. “Faux-pen” 1. Free (possibly gated) access 2. All rights reserved (or stronger)
  40. 40. traditionally © materials + internet
  41. 41. openly licensed materials + internet
  42. 42. Internet Enables OER Permits
  43. 43. OER Examples Full courses, complete textbooks, chapters, modules, videos, simulations, assessments, syllabi, etc.
  44. 44. OER Adoption Replacing whatever was previously in the “Required Materials” section of your syllabus with OER
  45. 45. High Impact OER Adoption Adoption that: 1. Improves affordability, 2. Improves student success, 3. Invigorates pedagogy, and 4. Does it at scale
  46. 46. High Impact OER Adoption Adoption that: 1. Improves affordability, 2. Improves student success, 3. Invigorates pedagogy, and 4. Does it at scale
  47. 47. Textbook Pricing in Context One Month Access to… Costs… Netflix – 20k Movies / TV Episodes $7.99 / month Spotify – 15M Songs $9.99 / month VitalSource – 1 Biology Textbook $28.37 / month
  48. 48. A Wizard of Earthsea Studying from texts written in disappearing ink
  49. 49. “Disappearing Ink” Strategies Buyback, rental, e-books online subscriptions
  50. 50. The Academic Costs of Textbooks 35% take fewer courses 14% drop a course 10% withdraw from a course 23% go without textbooks 18% earn a poor grade
  51. 51. High Impact OER Adoption Adoption that: 1. Improves affordability, 2. Improves student success, 3. Invigorates pedagogy, and 4. Does it at scale
  52. 52. A Multi-Institutional Study of the Impact of Open Textbook Adoption on the Learning Outcomes of Post- secondary Students Fischer, Hilton, Robinson, and Wiley Journal of Computing in Higher Education (2015)
  53. 53. Participants • 4,909 treatment • 11,818 control • 50 different undergraduate courses • 130 teachers • 10 institutions
  54. 54. Method Quasi-experimental design with: • Propensity score matched groups • Dependent variables: Completion; C or Better; Credits Enrolled This Term; Credits Enrolled Next Term • Independent variable: Textbook condition • 3 covariates: age, gender, and race
  55. 55. Journal of Computing in Higher Education (2015)
  56. 56. Credits Taken Semester OER Users Others Result Fall 13.29 11.14 t (8101) = 27.81 p < .01 Winter 10.71 9.16 F(1, 6440) = 154.08, p <.01 Journal of Computing in Higher Education (2015)
  57. 57. Improving Course Throughput Rates and Open Educational Resources: Results from the Z Degree Program at Tidewater Community College Hilton, Fischer, Wiley, and Williams Accepted International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning
  58. 58. Course Throughput Rate IRRODL (in press) Drop Deadline Withdraw Deadline Final Grade Students
  59. 59. Commercial vs OER 2.3% | 1.8% 9.9% | 8.1% 68% | 74% (Face to Face) 60% | 66% Drop Withdraw C or Better CTR IRRODL (in press)
  60. 60. Commercial vs OER 4.0% | 1.4% 13.7% | 13.1% 66% | 70% (Online) 54% | 60% Drop Withdraw C or Better CTR IRRODL (in press)
  61. 61. The Tidewater Z-Degree and the INTRO Model for Sustaining OER Adoption Wiley, Hilton, Williams, and DeMarte Educational Policy Analysis Archives (2016)
  62. 62. 182 * .89 * $164.35 (in-state) * 3 + 182 * .11 * $358.95 (out-of-state) * 3 $101,042 INTRO annually INcreased Tuition Revenue (Open) Education Policy Analysis Archives (2016)
  63. 63. openedgroup.org/review
  64. 64. impact.lumenlearning.com
  65. 65. High Impact OER Adoption Adoption that: 1. Improves affordability, 2. Improves student success, 3. Invigorates pedagogy, and 4. Does it at scale
  66. 66. “What does open allow me to do?”
  67. 67. Disposable Assignments Students hate doing them You hate grading them Huge wasted opportunity
  68. 68. US college students spend approximately 40 million hours doing homework every year.
  69. 69. Renewable Assignments Students see value in doing them You see value in grading them The work adds value to the world
  70. 70. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AsFU3sAlPx4
  71. 71. PM4ID
  72. 72. Renewable Assignments Are enabled by the open nature of OER
  73. 73. High Impact OER Adoption Adoption that: 1. Improves affordability, 2. Improves student success, 3. Invigorates pedagogy, and 4. Does it at scale
  74. 74. OER-based Degrees When elective and required courses adopt OER so a student can graduate without ever being asked to buy a textbook
  75. 75. OER-based Degrees
  76. 76. OER-based Degrees • Tidewater, NOVA (2013) • VCCS Zx23 – 23 colleges (2015) • Achieving the Dream 38 colleges (2016) • California – 25 colleges (2016)
  77. 77. High Impact OER Adoption Can: 1. Improve affordability, 2. Improve student success, 3. Invigorate pedagogy, and 4. Do it at scale
  78. 78. OER Office Hours http://lumenlearning.com/office-hours/
  79. 79. Discussion @opencontent david@lumenlearning.com
  • MarioBarro2

    Nov. 1, 2016

Keynote address to the Michigan Community College Association. July 2016.

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