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قواعد الانجليزية للمرحلة الابتدائية

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شرح قواعد grammer اللغة الإنجليزية للمرحلة الابتدائية

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قواعد الانجليزية للمرحلة الابتدائية

  1. 1. /‫ت‬ ‫ﺧﻠﯿﻞ‬ ‫اﺑﺮاھﯿﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ‬ ‫أ/اﺑﺮاھﯿﻢ‬٠١٢٢١٩٩٥٦٣٠face/ibrheemmohamedibrheem ١ ‫ﻣﺬﻛﺮة‬‫َﯿﺰ‬‫ﻤ‬ّ‫ﺘ‬‫اﻟ‬‫اﻻﺑﺘﺪاﺋﯿﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺮﺣﻠﺔ‬ ‫اﻻﻧﺠﻠﯿﺰﯾﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻠﻐﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﻮاﻋﺪ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬
  2. 2. /‫ت‬ ‫ﺧﻠﯿﻞ‬ ‫اﺑﺮاھﯿﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ‬ ‫أ/اﺑﺮاھﯿﻢ‬٠١٢٢١٩٩٥٦٣٠face/ibrheemmohamedibrheem ٢ ‫اﻟﺤﺮوف‬ zyxwvutsrqponmlkjihgfedcba ZYXWVUTSRQPONMLKJIHGFEDCBA Aa- Bb- Cc- Dd- Ee- Ff -Gg -Hh -Ii -Jj Kk- Ll- Mm- Nn- Oo- Pp- Qq- Rr- Ss - Tt Uu- Vv- Ww- Xx- Yy- Zz ‫ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬‫ــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺘﺤﺮﻛﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺤﺮوف‬lettersvowels A -E - O - u - I - ‫ﻗﺒﻠﮭﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﻣﻔﺮد‬ ‫وھﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﺤﺮك‬ ‫ﺑﺤﺮف‬ ‫اﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺪأت‬ ‫اذا‬an An appel an orange anegg an icecream
  3. 3. /‫ت‬ ‫ﺧﻠﯿﻞ‬ ‫اﺑﺮاھﯿﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ‬ ‫أ/اﺑﺮاھﯿﻢ‬٠١٢٢١٩٩٥٦٣٠face/ibrheemmohamedibrheem ٣ Iam Ali. ‫اﻟﺘﺮﻗﯿﻢ‬ Punctuation ‫ﻛﺒﯿﺮ‬ ‫ﺣﺮف‬ ‫إﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺻﻐﯿﺮ‬ ‫ﺣﺮف‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﻜﻠﻤﺎت‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺾ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺣﺮف‬ ‫أول‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻮﯾﻞ‬ ‫ھﻮ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺮﻗﯿﻢ‬ - From small into capital : ‫ﻛﺒﯿﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺤﺮف‬ ‫ﺗﺒﺪأ‬ ‫أن‬ ‫ﯾﺠﺐ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫اﻟﻜﻠﻤﺎت‬ ‫ﻧﻌﺮف‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺎ‬ ‫ھﯿﺎ‬ )١‫أول‬ (. ( ‫اﻟﺠﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺪاﯾﺔ‬ ) ‫اﻟﺠﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻤﺔ‬ )٢‫ﻣﺜﻞ‬ ‫اﻟﻨﺎس‬ ‫أﺳﻤﺎء‬ (Ali – Heba – Dina – Mona )٤‫ﻣﺜﻞ‬ ‫اﻷﻣﺎﻛﻦ‬ ‫أﺳﻤﺎء‬ (Cairo – Giza )٥‫ﻣﺜﻞ‬ ‫اﻷﺳﺒﻮع‬ ‫أﯾﺎم‬ (Saturday – Sunday – Monday ------ )٦‫اﻟﺸﮭﻮر‬ (January – February – March ------ )٧(‫ﻣﺜﻞ‬ ‫اﻟﻠﻐﺎت‬Arabic – English )٨‫اﻟ‬ (‫ﻀﻤﯿﺮ‬I )٩‫ﻧﻀﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﺠﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻧﮭﺎﯾﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ().(full stop )١٠(‫ﻧﻀﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﺴﺆال‬ ‫ﻧﮭﺎﯾﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬)‫؟‬(Question mark )١١) ‫ﻧﺴﺘﺨﺪم‬ ً‫ﺎ‬‫أﺣﯿﺎﻧ‬ ‫و‬ (,(comma) ‫أو‬'(.apostrophe : ‫اﻟﺘﺎﻟﯿﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺠﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻧﺮﻗﻢ‬ ‫ﻛﯿﻒ‬ ‫ﻧﺘﻌﻠﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺎ‬ ‫ھﯿﺎ‬ 1- my name s mohamed - My name's Mohamed. 2- nancy doesn t go to school on friday - Nancy doesn't go to school on Friday.
  4. 4. /‫ت‬ ‫ﺧﻠﯿﻞ‬ ‫اﺑﺮاھﯿﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ‬ ‫أ/اﺑﺮاھﯿﻢ‬٠١٢٢١٩٩٥٦٣٠face/ibrheemmohamedibrheem ٤ Reflexive pronouns Object pronouns Possessive pronouns Possessive adjectives Subject pronouns ‫اﻟﻀﻤﺎﺋﺮ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻨﻌﻜﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺿﻤﺎﺋﺮ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻔﻌﻮل‬ ‫ﺿﻤﺎﺋﺮ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻠﻜﯿﺔ‬ ‫ﺻﻔﺎت‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻠﻜﯿﺔ‬ ‫ﺿﻤﺎﺋﺮ‬ ‫اﻟﻔﺎﻋﻞ‬ MyselfmeMinemyI HimselfHisHisHisHe HerselfherHersherShe ItselfitItsItsIt OurselvesusOursourWe YourselvesYourYoursYourYou ThemselvesthemTheirstheirThey ‫اﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬ ‫أﺟﺰاء‬of speechparts Ali‫ا‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﺳﻢ‬Noun I-He-she-It-We-you-They‫اﻟ‬‫ﻀﻤﺎﺋﺮ‬pronoun go-eat‫اﻟ‬‫ﻔﻌﻞ‬verb Good-tall-fat‫اﻟ‬‫ﺼﻔﺔ‬‫اﻟﻤﻮﺻﻮف‬ ‫ﺗﺴﺒﻖ‬ ‫وھﻰ‬adjective Quickly‫اﻟ‬‫ﺤﺎل‬adveb On-at-in‫ﺟﺮ‬ ‫ﺣﺮوف‬prepostions ‫ﻋﻄﻒ‬ ‫ﺣﺮف‬conjunction ‫اﻻﻓﻌﺎل‬ verbs ‫أﺳﺎﺳﯿﺔ‬ ‫أﻓﻌﺎل‬ Go-eat-write ‫ﻣﺴﺎﻋﺪة‬ ‫أﻓﻌﺎل‬ Verb to be Verb to do Verb to have ‫أﺳﺎﺳﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺪھﺎ‬ ‫ﯾﺄﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻢ‬ ‫اذا‬ ‫اﻷﺳﺎﺳﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻔﻌﻞ‬ ‫ھﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﻜﻮن‬ ‫ﻗﺼﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻨﺎ‬ ‫اﻷﻓﻌﺎل‬ Can-could-will- would-might-must- shall-ahoud‫ﺗﺤﺘﺎج‬‫ﻟﻔﻌﻞ‬ ‫ﻰ‬ ‫اﺳﺎﺳ‬
  5. 5. /‫ت‬ ‫ﺧﻠﯿﻞ‬ ‫اﺑﺮاھﯿﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ‬ ‫أ/اﺑﺮاھﯿﻢ‬٠١٢٢١٩٩٥٦٣٠face/ibrheemmohamedibrheem ٥ ‫اﻟﻘﺮﯾﺐ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻔﺮد‬ ‫اﻷﺷﺎرة‬bookThis is ‫اﻟﺒﻌﯿ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻔﺮد‬ ‫اﻷﺷﺎرة‬‫ﺪ‬That is bird ‫اﻟﻘﺮﯾﺐ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺠﻤﻊ‬ ‫اﻷﺷﺎرة‬These are books ‫اﻟﺒﻌﯿﺪ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺠﻤﻊ‬ ‫اﻷﺷﺎرة‬birdsThose are This is -‫ﯾﻜﻮن‬ ‫ھﺬا‬ ) ‫ﺑﻤﻌﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﺴﺘﺨﺪم‬–.‫اﻟﻘﺮﯾﺐ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻔﺮد‬ ‫إﺷﺎرة‬ ‫ﻛﺈﺳﻢ‬ ( ‫ﺗﻜﻮن‬ ‫ھﺬه‬ - This is a tree. - This is a ball. isatTh -) ‫ﺑﻤﻌﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﺴﺘﺨﺪم‬‫ﯾﻜﻮن‬ ‫ھﺬا‬–‫ﺗﻜﻮن‬ ‫ھﺬه‬‫اﻟ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻔﺮد‬ ‫إﺷﺎرة‬ ‫ﻛﺈﺳﻢ‬ (‫ﺒﻌﯿﺪ‬. - That is a tree. - That is a ball. ‫ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﺤﻮظﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺼﺪر‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻔﻌﻞ‬ ‫ﯾﺄﺗﻰ‬ ١-‫اﻟﺴﺆال‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬?gowhere did you ٢-‫ﺣ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬‫اﻟﻨﻔﻰ‬ ‫ﺎﻟﺔ‬to school.goIdidnot ٣-‫ﺑﻌﺪ‬toI whant to go club. ٤-‫ﺑﻌﺪ‬letslet s go to club. ‫ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬
  6. 6. /‫ت‬ ‫ﺧﻠﯿﻞ‬ ‫اﺑﺮاھﯿﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ‬ ‫أ/اﺑﺮاھﯿﻢ‬٠١٢٢١٩٩٥٦٣٠face/ibrheemmohamedibrheem ٦ Verb to be Am I ‫ا‬‫ﻟﻤﺎﺿﻰ‬was Is He-she-it ‫اﻟﻤﺎﺿﻰ‬was Ar e We- you-they ‫اﻟﻤﺎﺿﻰ‬were Verb to do Do I-we-you- they Dose He-she- it did ‫ﻓﻰ‬‫اﻟﻤﺎﺿﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻀﻤﺎﺋﺮ‬ ‫ﻛﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻊ‬ Verb to have Have We-you -they Has He-she- it ‫ﻣﻨﮭﻤﺎ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺎﺿﻰ‬ Had ‫اﻟﻀﻤﺎﺋﺮ‬ ‫ﻛﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻊ‬
  7. 7. /‫ت‬ ‫ﺧﻠﯿﻞ‬ ‫اﺑﺮاھﯿﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ‬ ‫أ/اﺑﺮاھﯿﻢ‬٠١٢٢١٩٩٥٦٣٠face/ibrheemmohamedibrheem ٧ ‫اﺻﻐﺮﺳﻨﺎ‬The youngest‫ااﻛﺒﺮﺳﻨﺎ‬The oldest ‫رﺧﯿﺺ‬cheap‫ﻏﺎﻟﻰ‬expensive ‫اﻷﺟﺪد‬The newest‫اﻷﻗﺪم‬The oldest ‫ﻗﺪﯾﻢ‬old‫ﺟﺪﯾﺪ‬New ‫ﻣﺘﺸﺎﺑﮫ‬The same‫ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ‬different‫ﺻﻠﺐ‬hard‫ﻟﯿﻦ‬Soft ‫ﺷﻤﺎل‬left‫ﯾﻤﯿﻦ‬right‫ﻏﯿﺮﻋﻄﻮف‬unkind‫ﻋﻄﻮف‬Kind ‫ﺧﻄﺄ‬wrong‫ﺻﺢ‬right‫ﻣﻌﺘﻢ‬dim‫ﻻﻣﻊ‬shin ‫ﯾﺨﺴﺮ‬lose‫ﯾﻔﻮز‬win‫ﻗﺼﯿﺮ‬short‫طﻮﯾﻞ‬long ‫ﯾﻐﺎدر‬leave‫ﯾﺼﻞ‬arrive‫ﺻﻐﯿﺮ‬small‫ﻛﺒﯿﺮ‬big ‫اﺳﻔﻞ‬down‫اﻋﻠﻰ‬up‫ﺻﻐﯿﺮاﻟﺴﻦ‬young‫ﻛﺒﯿﺮاﻟﺴﻦ‬old ‫ﺷﺒﻌﺎن‬Full up‫ﺟﺎﺋﻊ‬hungry‫ﺑﻌﺪ‬after‫ﻗﺒﻞ‬before ‫ﻏﺒﻰ‬stupid‫ﻣﺎھﺮ‬clever‫ﻣﺒﺼﺮ‬sighted‫ﻛﻔﯿﻒ‬blind ‫ﻋﺎﻗﻞ‬wise‫اﺣﻤﻖ‬foolish‫اﻗﻞ‬less‫اﻛﺜﺮ‬more ‫ﻏﯿﺮﺻﺤﻰ‬unhealthy‫ﺻﺤﻰ‬healthy‫ﺳﺊ‬bad‫ﺣﺴﻦ‬good ‫ﻏﺮب‬west‫ﺷﺮق‬east‫اﺑﺪا‬never‫داﺋﻤﺎ‬always ‫ﺑﻌﯿﺪ‬Far from‫ﻗﺮﯾﺐ‬near‫ﻗﺒﯿﺢ‬ugly‫ﺟﻤﯿﻞ‬beautiful ‫ﺧﺎرج‬Out side‫داﺧﻞ‬inside‫اﻟﻌﺪد‬ ‫ﻗﻠﯿﻞ‬few‫اﻟﻌﺪد‬ ‫ﻛﺜﯿﺮ‬many ‫ﻓ‬‫ﻮق‬above‫ﺗﺤﺖ‬under‫ﻟﻠﻜﻤﯿﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﻠﯿﻞ‬little‫ﻛﺜﯿﺮﻟﻠﻜﻤﯿﺔ‬much ‫ﯾﺘﺬﻛﺮ‬remember‫ﯾﻨﺴﻰ‬forget‫ﻏﯿﺮﻣﻌﺮوف‬unknown‫ﻣﺸﮭﻮر‬famous ‫ﻏﯿﺮﻣﺮﺗﺐ‬Un tidy‫ﻣﺮﺗﺐ‬tidy‫ﺟﻨﻮب‬south‫ﺷﻤﺎل‬north ‫ﺧﻄﯿﺮ‬dangerous‫اﻣﻦ‬safe‫اﺧﯿﺮ‬last‫اوﻻ‬first ‫ﺳﺎﺧﻦ‬hot‫ﺑﺎرد‬cold‫ﯾﺄﺧﺬ‬take‫ﯾﻌﻄﻰ‬give ‫ﺿﻮﺿﺎء‬noisy‫ھﺎدئ‬quite‫ﺻﻐﯿﺮاﻟﺤﺠﻢ‬small‫ﻛﺒﯿﺮاﻟﺤﺠﻢ‬large ‫ﻧﻘﻰ‬ ‫ﻏﯿﺮ‬impure‫ﻧﻘﻰ‬pure‫ھﻨﺎك‬there‫ھﻨﺎ‬here ‫ﺣﺪﯾﺚ‬modern‫ﺗﻘﻠﯿﺪى‬tradition‫ﺣﺰﯾﻦ‬unhappy‫ﺳﻌﯿﺪ‬happy ‫ﺟﺪﯾﺪ‬NEW‫ﻗﺪﯾﻢ‬ancient‫ﺷﯿﻖ‬ ‫ﻏﯿﺮ‬uninteresting‫ﺷﯿﻖ‬interesting ‫اﻷﻣﺲ‬YESTERDAY‫اﻟﯿﻮم‬today‫اﻛﺜﺮ‬ ‫اﻧﺨﻔﺎﺿﺎ‬ The lowest‫اﻷﻋﻠﻰ‬The highest ‫اﻗﻞ‬ ‫ﺣﺮارة‬ COLDER‫اﻛﺜﺮﺣﺮارة‬hotter‫اﻷﺻﻐﺮ‬The smallest‫اﻷﻛﺒﺮ‬The biggest ‫ﻻﺋﻖ‬ ‫ﻏﯿﺮ‬UNFIT‫ﺑﺪﻧﯿﺎ‬ ‫ﻻﺋﻖ‬fit‫اﻷﻗﺼﺮ‬The shortest‫اﻷطﻮل‬The longest adjectives ‫اﻟﺼﻔﺎت‬
  8. 8. /‫ت‬ ‫ﺧﻠﯿﻞ‬ ‫اﺑﺮاھﯿﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ‬ ‫أ/اﺑﺮاھﯿﻢ‬٠١٢٢١٩٩٥٦٣٠face/ibrheemmohamedibrheem ٨ ١.: ‫ﺻﻔﺎت‬ ‫اﻹﻧﺠﻠﯿﺰﯾﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻠﻐﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﺴﻤﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺎﻟﯿﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻜﻠﻤﺎت‬ ( hot . cold . fast . tall . short . big . small . nice . late . young . old . easy) ‫اﻟﺼ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﮫ‬‫ﻛﻠﻤ‬‫ﮫ‬ ‫ﺗ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﻒ‬‫اﻹﺳﻢ‬( ‫اﻟﻤﻮﺻﻮف‬ )‫ﻗﺒ‬ ‫وﺗﺄﺗﻰ‬‫ﻠﮫ‬.  It’s a hot day.  I draw a nice picture. ٢.‫اﻟﺼ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﻓﻌﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﺄﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﮫ‬( am . is . are . was . were ) to be  My aunt is old.  The boys are tall. ٣..‫ﻣﺬﻛﺮ‬ ‫أو‬ ‫ﻣﺆﻧﺚ‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻊ‬ ‫أو‬ ‫ﻣﻔﺮد‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻒ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻠﮭﺎ‬ ‫ﯾﺘﻐﯿﺮ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫أى‬ ‫ُﺠﻤﻊ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫اﻟﺼﻔﮫ‬  a tall boy ‫طﻮﯾﻞ‬ ‫وﻟﺪ‬ - tall boys ‫طﻮال‬ ‫أوﻻد‬  a tall girl ‫طﻮﯾﻠﮫ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺖ‬ - tall girls ‫طﻮال‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺎت‬ ٤.‫ﻣﻘﺎرن‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺪ‬: ‫اﻟﺼﻔﺎت‬ : ‫اﻷوﻟﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﺪرﺟﺔ‬‫ﻗﺒﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺄﺗﻰ‬ ‫و‬ ‫اﻹﺳﻢ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻒ‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻤﺔ‬‫اﻟﺼﻔﺔ‬ 1. A donkey is fast. ‫اﻟﺼﻔﺔ‬ + ‫اﺳﻢ‬ 1. Yesterday was hot. ‫اﻟﺜﺎﻧﯿﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺪرﺟﺔ‬:‫ﺻﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫إﺛﻨﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﺔ‬‫ر‬‫اﻟﻤﻘﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺪ‬‫ﻗﺼﻴﺮة‬‫اﻟﺼﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫أﺿﻒ‬)er(‫ﺑﻌﺪﻫﺎ‬ ‫وﺿﻊ‬‫ﻛﻠﻤﺔ‬)than . ( 2.A horse is faster than a donkey. ‫اﻟﺼﻔﺔ‬ + er + thann 2.Today is hotter than yesterday. ♣ tall taller than ♠ short shorter than ►old older than ♥ young younger than ☺small smaller than .Alitaller thanAhmed is► ► The shop is smaller than the supermarket ‫ﻻﺣظ‬: ١.) ‫اﻷﺧﻴﺮ‬ ‫اﻟﺤﺮف‬ ‫ﻣﻀﺎﻋﻔﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺜﺎﻟﺜﺔ‬ ‫و‬ ‫اﻟﺜﺎﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬big / hot / fat.‫ﻣﺘﺤﺮك‬ ‫ﺑﺤﺮف‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺒﻮق‬ ‫أﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫(ﺣﻴﺚ‬ ٢.) ‫ـ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﺣﺮف‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻮﻳﻞ‬ ‫اﻟﺜﺎﻟﺜﺔ‬ ‫و‬ ‫اﻟﺜﺎﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺪرﺟﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬y‫اﻟﻰ‬ ()i) ‫اﻟﺼﻔﺎت‬ ‫ﻣﻊ‬ (easy / heavy(  Comparing adjectives ‫اﻟﺼﻔﺎت‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎرﻧﺔ‬
  9. 9. /‫ت‬ ‫ﺧﻠﯿﻞ‬ ‫اﺑﺮاھﯿﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ‬ ‫أ/اﺑﺮاھﯿﻢ‬٠١٢٢١٩٩٥٦٣٠face/ibrheemmohamedibrheem ٩ ٣.) ‫ـ‬‫ﺑ‬ ‫اﻟﻨﺘﻬﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺼﻔﺎت‬e) ‫ﺑﺈﺿﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﻂ‬ ‫ﻧﻜﺘﻔﻰ‬ (r‫ﻓﻰ‬ () ‫ﻣﺜﻞ‬ ‫اﻟﺜﺎﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺪرﺟﺔ‬nice / late( -Long Adjective: more + long adjective + than ♥ beautiful more beautiful than ☻ expensive more expensive than ♫ exciting more exciting than - dangerous more dangerous than the bike.more expensive than► The car is Amira.more beautiful than► Heba is Irregular Adjectives ♥ good better than ♣ bad worse than Science and maths.better than►English is his sister.worse than► He is ‫اﻟﺜﺎﻟﺜﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺪرﺟﺔ‬:‫ﺑﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﺔ‬‫ر‬‫اﻟﻤﻘﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺪ‬‫وﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺷﺨﺺ‬‫ﺻﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬‫ﻗﺼﻴﺮة‬ ‫أﺿﻒ‬‫اﻟﺼﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬)est(‫وﺿﻊ‬‫اﻟﺼﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻞ‬the Ali is the tallest boy in the class ‫ﻗﺒﻠﮭﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻀﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﻜﺒﯿﺮة‬ ‫اﻟﺼﻔﺎت‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬the most The car is the most expensive Irregular Adjectives The bestgoo
  10. 10. /‫ت‬ ‫ﺧﻠﯿﻞ‬ ‫اﺑﺮاھﯿﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ‬ ‫أ/اﺑﺮاھﯿﻢ‬٠١٢٢١٩٩٥٦٣٠face/ibrheemmohamedibrheem ١٠ The present simple  )١(‫اﻟﺗﻛوﯾن‬Formation:- ‫ﻣﻊ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻔﻌﻞ‬ ‫اﻷول‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺼﺮﯾﻒ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﯾﺘﻜﻮن‬I – they – you – we ‫ﺷﯿﺌﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻔﻌﻞ‬ ‫ﻧﻀﯿﻒ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫أى‬ I play-they play ) ‫ﻟﻠﻔﻌﻞ‬ ‫ﯾﻀﺎف‬ ‫و‬S‫ﻣﻊ‬ (he – she – it‫اﻟﻤﻔﺮد‬ ‫و‬ He plays - she plays ) ‫ﻟﻠﻔﻌﻞ‬ ‫ﯾﻀﺎف‬es‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﻻ‬ (‫ﻦ‬)S‫اﻵﺗﯿﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺤﺮوف‬ ‫ﺑﺄﺣﺪ‬ ‫اﻧﺘﮭﻰ‬ ‫إذا‬ ( ss-sh-ch-o-x)(s- Watch he watches. Go he goes. )٢(‫اﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪام‬Usage:- . ‫ﻣﺘﻜﺮرة‬ ‫ﻋﺎدة‬ ‫أو‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﻘﯿﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﺒﺴﯿﻂ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻀﺎرع‬ ‫ﯾﻌﺒﺮ‬ - I go to school every day. - The sun rises in the morning. )٣(: ‫اﻟﺪاﻟﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻜﻠﻤﺎت‬key words every ‫ﻛﻞ‬ nowadays ‫اﻷﯾﺎم‬ ‫ھﺬه‬ sometimes ً‫ﺎ‬‫أﺣﯿﺎﻧ‬ often ً‫ﺎ‬‫ﻏﺎﻟﺒ‬ usually ‫ﻋﺎدة‬ always ً‫ﺎ‬‫داﺋﻤ‬ generally ‫ﻋﻤﻮﻣﺎ‬ never ‫أﺑﺪا‬ rarely ً‫ا‬‫ﻧﺎدر‬ )٤(‫ﻛﺎﻵﺗﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﺒﺴﯿﻂ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻀﺎرع‬ ‫وﯾﻨﻔﻰ‬:- ١-‫ﺑﮫ‬ ‫اﻟﻔﻌﻞ‬ ‫ﻛﺎن‬ ‫إذا‬S–es‫اﻟﻤﺼﺪر‬ " ‫ﻓﻨﻀﻊ‬doesn’t. ‫اﻟﻔﻌﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﺪل‬ " - He washes the car. -He doesn’t wash the car. ٢-‫ﺑﺪون‬ ‫اﻟﻔﻌﻞ‬ ‫ﻛﺎن‬ ‫وإذا‬S+ ‫اﻟﻤﺼﺪر‬ " ‫ﻓﻨﻀﻊ‬don’t. ‫اﻟﻔﻌﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﺪل‬ " - They watch TV. - They don’t watch TV. )٥(: ‫اﻻﺳﺘﻔﮭﺎم‬ - Do you cook your food? Yes, I do. No, I don’t. - Does she wash her dress? Yes, she does. No, she doesn’t.
  11. 11. /‫ت‬ ‫ﺧﻠﯿﻞ‬ ‫اﺑﺮاھﯿﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ‬ ‫أ/اﺑﺮاھﯿﻢ‬٠١٢٢١٩٩٥٦٣٠face/ibrheemmohamedibrheem ١١ The Present Continuous  )١(‫اﻟﺘﻜﻮﯾﻦ‬formation:- ( Am, is ,are) + v + ing Ex: - The girl isn't singing now. -‫اﻟﻤﻀﺎرع‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻜﻦ‬ ،‫اﻟﻤﺴﺘﻤﺮ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻀﺎرع‬ ‫زﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﺄﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫اﻷﻓﻌﺎل‬ ‫ھﺬه‬ ‫أن‬ ‫ﻻﺣﻆ‬ :‫اﻟﺒﺴﯿﻂ‬ - like – dislike – love – hate – want – know – prefer understand – hear. Ex: - Mona wants to leave now.  He is playing.  They are eating. )٢(‫اﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪام‬Usage:- .‫اﻟﺤﺪوث‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺘﻤﺮ‬ ‫و‬ ‫اﻵن‬ ‫ﯾﺤﺪث‬ ‫ﺣﺪث‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﺰﻣﻦ‬ ‫ھﺬا‬ ‫ﯾﺪل‬  I’m speaking now. )٣(‫اﻟﺪاﻟﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻜﻠﻤﺎت‬key words:- Now At present ‫ﺣﺎﻟﯿﺎ‬ Look At this moment ‫ﺬه‬‫ھ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻠﺤﻈﺔ‬ Listen :‫ﻣﻠﺣوظﺔ‬‫إذا‬‫ﻛﺎن‬) ‫ﺑـــ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺘﮭﯿﺎ‬ ‫اﻟﻔﻌﻞ‬e) ‫إﺿﺎﻓﯿﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺪ‬ ‫اﻷﺧﯿﺮ‬ ‫ﻧﺤﺬف‬ (ing( ride riding come coming ) ‫إﺿﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺪ‬ ‫اﻷﺧﯿﺮ‬ ‫اﻟﺤﺮف‬ ‫ﯾﻀﺎﻋﻒ‬ ‫أﻓﻌﺎل‬ ‫ھﻨﺎك‬ing( put putting sit sitting :‫ﻣﻠﺣوظﺔ‬‫ﺗﺴﻤﻰ‬ ‫و‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺴﺘﻤﺮ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻀﺎرع‬ ‫زﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﺴﺘﺨﺪم‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫أﻓﻌﺎل‬ ‫ھﻨﺎك‬ ‫إﻧﮫ‬ .‫اﻹﺣﺴﺎس‬ ‫و‬ ‫اﻟﺸﻌﻮر‬ ‫أﻓﻌﺎل‬ like forget understand see want mean believe know ‫ﺑﺈﺿﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺰﻣﻦ‬ ‫ھﺬا‬ ‫ﯾﻨﻔﻰ‬ ‫و‬)not(.‫اﻟﻤﺴﺎﻋﺪ‬ ‫اﻟﻔﻌﻞ‬ ‫إﻟﻰ‬
  12. 12. /‫ت‬ ‫ﺧﻠﯿﻞ‬ ‫اﺑﺮاھﯿﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ‬ ‫أ/اﺑﺮاھﯿﻢ‬٠١٢٢١٩٩٥٦٣٠face/ibrheemmohamedibrheem ١٢  He is not coming now. (isn’t) The Past Simple ‫اﻟﺒﺴﯿﻂ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺎﺿﻲ‬ ‫زﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻜﻮﯾﻦ‬Formation:-  ‫ﺑﺈﺿﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻔﻌﻞ‬ ‫اﻟﺜﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺼﺮﯾﻒ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﯾﺘﻜﻮن‬d – ed‫اﻟﻌﺎدﯾﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻸﻓﻌﺎل‬: visit ‫ﯾﺰور‬ visited like ‫ﯾﺤﺐ‬ liked :‫اﻟﺜﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﺮﯾﻔﮫ‬ ‫ﻓﯿﺤﻔﻆ‬ ‫ﺷﺎذ‬ ‫اﻟﻔﻌﻞ‬ ‫ﻛﺎن‬ ‫ﻟﻮ‬ ‫و‬ go ‫ﯾﺬھﺐ‬ went see ‫ﯾﺮى‬ saw ‫اﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪام‬Usage:- ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺣﺪث‬ ‫ﻓﻌﻞ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﯾﻌﺒﺮ‬:‫اﻟﻤﺎﺿﻰ‬ - He went to Cairo yesterday. - They played football last week. ‫ﻋﻠﯿﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺪاﻟﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻜﻠﻤﺎت‬ yesterday ‫أﻣﺲ‬ once ‫ﻣﺮة‬ ‫ذات‬ ago ‫ﻣﻨﺬ‬ last ‫اﻟﻤﺎﺿﻰ‬ in the past ‫اﻟﻤﺎﺿﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ in 1999 ‫وﯾﻨﻔﻰ‬+ ‫اﻟﻤﺼﺪر‬ " ‫ﺑﻮﺿﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﺰﻣﻦ‬ ‫ھﺬا‬didn’t" - He visited me yesterday. - He didn’t visit me yesterday. ‫ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ The Past Continuous ‫اﻟﻤﺴﺘﻤﺮ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺎﺿﻲ‬ ‫زﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻜﻮﯾﻦ‬Formation:- ( Was , were) + V – ing ‫اﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪام‬Usage:- ‫ﻣﺴﺘﻤﺮا‬ ‫ﻛﺎن‬ ‫ﺣﺪث‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﯾﻌﺒﺮ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﯿﻦ‬ ‫وﻗﺖ‬‫اﻟﻤﺎﺿﻲ‬.  He was reading at seven o’clock yesterday. ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺘﻤﺮا‬ ‫ﻛﺎن‬ ‫ﺣﺪث‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﯾﻌﺒﺮ‬ ‫و‬‫اﻟﻤﺎﺿﻲ‬‫ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﻏﺎﻟﺒﺎ‬ ‫و‬ ‫آﺧﺮ‬ ‫ﺣﺪث‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﯿﻨﻤﺎ‬ ‫اﻟﺤﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ھﺬه‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﯾﺴﺘﺨﺪم‬‫ﻣﻊ‬While, as, when  While (As –just as) ‫-----ﺑﯿﻨﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺿﻲ‬‫ﻣﺴﺘﻤﺮ‬ ----- ‫ﻣﺎﺿ‬‫ﺑﺴﯿﻂ‬ ‫ﻰ‬  While he was eating his father came.  When ‫ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ‬ ----- ‫ﻣﺎﺿﻲ‬‫ﺑﺴﯿﻂ‬ ----- ‫ﻣﺎﺿﻲ‬‫ﻣﺴﺘﻤﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺿﻲ‬‫ﻣﺴﺘﻤﺮ‬ ------ when ------- ‫ﻣﺎﺿﻲ‬‫ﺑﺴﯿﻂ‬
  13. 13. /‫ت‬ ‫ﺧﻠﯿﻞ‬ ‫اﺑﺮاھﯿﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ‬ ‫أ/اﺑﺮاھﯿﻢ‬٠١٢٢١٩٩٥٦٣٠face/ibrheemmohamedibrheem ١٣  He was eating when his father came. ‫واﻟﺸﺎذة‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺎدﯾﺔ‬ ‫اﻷﻓﻌﺎل‬ ‫ﺗﺼﺮﯾﻔﺎت‬ ‫ﺟﺪول‬ ِ◌ ‫اﻟﺜﺎﻟﺚ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺼﺮﯾﻒ‬‫اﻟﻤﺎﺿﻲ‬‫اﻟﻤﻌﻨﻲ‬( ‫ﻣﻀﺎرع‬ ) ‫اﻟﻔﻌﻞ‬ actedacted‫ﯾﺘﺼﺮف‬-‫ﯾﻤﺜﻞ‬act addedadded‫ﯾﻀﯿﻒ‬add agreedagreed‫ﯾﻮاﻓﻖ‬agree allowedallowed‫ﯾﺴﻤﺢ‬allow answeredanswered‫ﯾﺠﯿﺐ‬answer arrivedarrived‫ﯾﺼﻞ‬arrive askedasked‫ﯾﺴﺄل‬-‫ﯾﻄﻠﺐ‬ask awokenawoke‫ﯾﻮﻗﻆ‬awake awakedawaked‫ﯾﺴﺘﯿﻘﻆ‬awake backedbacked‫ﯾﺮﺟﻊ‬back bakedbaked‫ﯾﺨﺒﺰ‬bake bornbore‫ﺗﻠﺪ‬bear bornebore‫ﯾﺘﺤﻤﻞ‬bear becomebecame‫ﯾﺼﺒﺢ‬become begunbegan‫ﯾﺒﺪأ‬begin believedbelieved‫ﯾﻌﺘﻘﺪ‬believe belongedbelonged‫ﯾﻨﺘﻤﻲ‬belong blownblew‫ﯾﻔﺠﺮ‬-‫ﯾﻌﺼﻒ‬blow boxedboxed‫ﯾﻼﻛﻢ‬-‫ﯾﻌﺒﻲء‬box brokenbroke‫ﯾﻜﺴﺮ‬break brightenedbrightened‫ﯾﺴﻄﻊ‬brighten broughtbrought‫ﯾﺤﻀﺮ‬bring builtbuilt‫ﯾﺒﻨﻲ‬build bumpedbumped‫ﯾﺼﺪم‬bump boughtbought‫ﯾﺸﺘﺮي‬buy calledcalled‫ﯾﺴﻤﻲ‬-‫ﯾﻨﺎدي‬call carriedcarried‫ﯾﺤﻤﻞ‬carry caughtcaught‫ﯾﻤﺴﻚ‬-‫ﯾﺼﻄﺎد‬catch changedchanged‫ﯾﻐﯿﺮ‬change chasedchased‫ﯾﻄﺎرد‬chase cheeredcheered‫ﯾﺒﺘﮭﺞ‬cheer chosenchose‫ﯾﺨﺘﺎر‬choose cleanedcleaned‫ﯾﻨﻈﻒ‬clean climbedclimbed‫ﯾﺘﺴﻠﻖ‬climb closedclosed‫ﯾﻐﻠﻖ‬close colouredcoloured‫ﯾﻠﻮن‬colour comecame‫ﯾﺄﺗﻲ‬come comparedcompared‫ﯾﻘﺎرن‬compare completedcompleted‫ﯾﻜﻤﻞ‬complete
  14. 14. /‫ت‬ ‫ﺧﻠﯿﻞ‬ ‫اﺑﺮاھﯿﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ‬ ‫أ/اﺑﺮاھﯿﻢ‬٠١٢٢١٩٩٥٦٣٠face/ibrheemmohamedibrheem ١٤ containedcantained‫ﯾﺤﺘﻮي‬contain controlledcontrolled‫ﻋﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﯾﺴﯿﻄﺮ‬control cookedcooked‫ﯾﻄﮭﻲ‬cook copiedcopied‫ﯾﻨﺴﺦ‬copy correctedcorrected‫ﯾﺼﺤﺢ‬correct costcost‫ﯾﻜﻠﻒ‬cost countedcounted‫ﯾﻌﺪ‬count coveredcovered‫ﯾﻐﻄﻲ‬cover crashedcrashed‫ﯾﺘﺤﻄﻢ‬crash creakedcreaked‫ﯾﺰﯾﻖ‬creak crossedcrossed‫ﯾﻌﺒﺮ‬-‫ﯾﺸﻄﺐ‬cross criedcried‫ﯾﺼﺮخ‬-‫ﯾﺒﻜﻲ‬cry cutcut‫ﯾﻘﻄﻊ‬cut danceddanced‫ﯾﺮﻗﺺ‬dance decideddecided‫ﯾﻘﺮر‬decide dieddied‫ﯾﻤﻮت‬die dugdug‫ﯾﺤﻔﺮ‬dig dirtieddirtied‫ﯾﻮﺳﺦ‬dirty divideddivided‫ﯾﻘﺴﻢ‬divide donedid‫ﯾﻔﻌﻞ‬do downeddowned‫ﯾﻨﺰل‬down drawndrew‫ﯾﺮﺳﻢ‬-‫ﯾﺴﺤﺐ‬draw dreamtdreamt‫ﯾﺤﻠﻢ‬dream drunkdrank‫ﯾﺸﺮب‬drink drivendrove‫ﯾﻘﻮد‬drive droppeddropped‫ﯾﺴﻘﻂ‬drop drieddried‫ﯾﺠﻔﻒ‬dry eatenate‫ﯾﺄﻛﻞ‬eat endedended‫ﯾﻨﺘﮭﻲ‬end enjoyedenjoyed‫ﯾﺘﻤﺘﻊ‬enjoy excitedexcited‫ﯾﺜﯿﺮ‬excite exclaimedexclaimed‫ﯾﮭﺘﻒ‬exclaim excusedexcused‫ﯾﻌﺘﺬر‬excuse fallenfell‫ﯾﻘﻊ‬fall favouredfavoured‫ﯾﺆﯾﺪ‬favour fearedfeared‫ﯾﺨﺎف‬fear fedfed‫ﯾﻄﻌﻢ‬feed feltfelt‫ﯾﺸﻌﺮ‬feel ferriedferried‫ﺑﺎﻟﻤﻌﺪﯾﺔ‬ ‫ﯾﻌﺒﺮ‬ferry foughtfought‫ﯾﺤﺎرب‬fight filledfilled‫ﯾﻤﻸ‬fill foundfound‫ﯾﺠﺪ‬find finishedfinished‫ﯾﻨﮭﻲ‬finish
  15. 15. /‫ت‬ ‫ﺧﻠﯿﻞ‬ ‫اﺑﺮاھﯿﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ‬ ‫أ/اﺑﺮاھﯿﻢ‬٠١٢٢١٩٩٥٦٣٠face/ibrheemmohamedibrheem ١٥ fishedfished‫ﯾﺼﻄﺎد‬fish flownflew‫ﯾﻄﯿﺮ‬fly foldedfolded‫ﯾﻄﻮي‬fold followedfollowed‫ﯾﺘﺒﻊ‬follow forgottenforgot‫ﯾﻨﺴﻲ‬forget forwardedforwarded‫ﯾﺮﺳﻞ‬forward frightenedfrightened‫ﯾﺨﯿﻒ‬frighten gottengot‫ﯾﺤﺼﻞ‬-‫ﯾﻨﺎل‬get gotten upgot up‫ﯾﻨﮭﺾ‬get up givengave‫ﯾﻌﻄﻲ‬give gonewent‫ﯾﺬھﺐ‬go governedgoverned‫ﯾﺤﻜﻢ‬govern growngrew‫ﯾﺰرع‬-‫ﯾﻨﻤﻮ‬grow guardedguarded‫ﯾﺤﺮس‬guard happenedhappened‫ﯾﺤﺪث‬happen headedheaded‫ﯾﺘﺼﺪر‬head heardheard‫ﯾﺴﻤﻊ‬hear helpedhelped‫ﯾﺴﺎﻋﺪ‬help hiddenhid‫ﯾﺨﺘﺒﻲء‬-‫ﯾﺨﻔﻲ‬hide hithit‫ﯾﻀﺮب‬hit heldheld‫ﯾﻤﺴﻚ‬hold hopedhoped‫ﯾﺄﻣﻞ‬hope hurriedhurried‫ﯾﺴﺮع‬hurry hurthurt‫ﯾﺆذي‬-‫ﯾﺆﻟﻢ‬hurt imaginedimagine‫ﯾﺘﺨﯿﻞ‬imagine includedincluded‫ﯾﺸﻤﻞ‬include introducedintroduced‫ﯾﻘﺪم‬introduce inventedinvented‫ﯾﺨﺘﺮع‬invent invitedinvited‫ﯾﺪﻋﻮ‬invite irrigatedirrigated‫ﯾﺮوي‬irrigate joinedjoined‫ﯾﺮﺑﻂ‬join jumpedjumped‫ﯾﻘﻔﺰ‬jump keptkept‫ﯾﺤﺎﻓﻆ‬keep kickedkicked‫ﯾﺮﻛﻞ‬kick killedkilled‫ﯾﻘﺘﻞ‬kill knownknew‫ﯾﻌﺮف‬know landedlanded‫ﯾﮭﺒﻂ‬land lastedlasted‫ﯾﺪوم‬last laughedlaughed‫ﯾﻀﺤﻚ‬laugh laidlaid‫ﯾﻀﻊ‬lay learntlearnt‫ﯾﺘﻌﻠﻢ‬learn leftleft‫ﯾﺘﺮك‬leave letlet‫ﯾﺴﻤﺢ‬-‫ﯾﺪع‬let
  16. 16. /‫ت‬ ‫ﺧﻠﯿﻞ‬ ‫اﺑﺮاھﯿﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ‬ ‫أ/اﺑﺮاھﯿﻢ‬٠١٢٢١٩٩٥٦٣٠face/ibrheemmohamedibrheem ١٦ liedlied‫ﯾﻜﺬب‬lie lainlay‫ﯾﺘﻤﺪد‬-‫ﯾﺮﻗﺪ‬lie liftedlifted‫ﯾﺮﻓﻊ‬lift litlit‫ﯾﻀﻲء‬-‫ﯾﺸﻌﻞ‬light likedliked‫ﯾﺤﺐ‬like listenedlistened‫ﯾﻨﺼﺖ‬listen livedlived‫ﯾﻌﯿﺶ‬-‫ﯾﻘﯿﻢ‬live lockedlocked‫ﯾ‬‫ﻘﻔﻞ‬lock lookedlooked‫ﯾﻨﻈﺮ‬look lostlost‫ﯾﻔﻘﺪ‬lose lovedloved‫ﯾﺤﺐ‬love mademade‫ﯾﺼﻨﻊ‬make marriedmarried‫ﯾﺘﺰوج‬marry matchedmatched‫ﯾﻨﺎﻓﺲ‬-‫ﯾﻼﺋﻢ‬match meantmeant‫ﯾﻌﻨﻲ‬mean measuredmeasured‫ﯾﻘﯿﺲ‬measure metmet‫ﯾﻘﺎﺑﻞ‬meet meltedmelted‫ﯾ‬‫ﺬﯾﺐ‬melt mendedmended‫ﯾﺼﻠﺢ‬mend milkedmilked‫ﯾﺤﻠﺐ‬milk mindedminded‫ﯾﻼﺣﻆ‬–‫ب‬ ‫ﯾﻌﻨﻲ‬mind missedmissed‫ﯾﺨﻄﻲء‬-‫ﯾﻔﺘﻘﺪ‬miss mixedmixed‫ﯾﺨﻠﻂ‬mix movedmoved‫ﯾﺘﺤﺮك‬move namednamed‫ﯾﺴﻤﻲ‬name neededneeded‫ﯾﺤﺘﺎج‬need openedopened‫ﯾﻔﺘﺢ‬open orderedordered‫ﯾﺄﻣﺮ‬order ownedowned‫ﯾﻤﻠﻚ‬own packedpacked‫ﯾﺤﺰم‬pack paintedpainted‫ﯾﺪھﻦ‬paint passedpassed‫ﯾﻤﺮ‬pass paidpaid‫ﯾﺪﻓﻊ‬pay phonedphoned‫ﯾﮭﺎﺗﻒ‬phone pinchedpinched‫ﯾﻘﺮص‬pinch plannedplanned‫ﯾﺨﻄﻂ‬plan playedplayed‫ﯾﻠﻌﺐ‬-‫ﯾﻌﺰف‬play pleasedpleased‫ﯾﺮﺿﻲ‬please pointedpointed‫ﯾﺸﯿﺮ‬point postedposted‫ﺑﺎﻟﺒﺮﯾﺪ‬ ‫ﯾﺮﺳﻞ‬post pouredpoured‫ﯾﺼﺐ‬-‫ﯾﺴﻜﺐ‬pour prayedprayed‫ﯾﺼﻠﻲ‬pray preferredpreferred‫ﯾﻔﻀﻞ‬prefer
  17. 17. /‫ت‬ ‫ﺧﻠﯿﻞ‬ ‫اﺑﺮاھﯿﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ‬ ‫أ/اﺑﺮاھﯿﻢ‬٠١٢٢١٩٩٥٦٣٠face/ibrheemmohamedibrheem ١٧ preparedprepared‫ﯾﺠﮭﺰ‬-‫ﯾﻌﺪ‬prepare pretendedpretended‫ﯾﺘﻈﺎھﺮ‬pretend pulledpulled‫ﯾﺴﺤﺐ‬-‫ﯾﺠﺮ‬pull pushedpushed‫اﻷﻣﺎم‬ ‫إﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﯾﺪﻓﻊ‬push putput‫ﯾﻀﻊ‬put questionedquestioned‫ﯾﺴﺄل‬question rainedrained‫ﺗﻤﻄﺮ‬rain reachedreached‫ﯾﺼﻞ‬reach readread‫ﯾﻘﺮأ‬read realizedrealized‫ﯾﺪرك‬realize rememberedremembered‫ﯾﺘﺬﻛﺮ‬remember repliedreplied‫ﯾﺠﯿﺐ‬reply reportedreported‫ﯾﺒﻠﻎ‬report rewardedrewarded‫ﯾﻜﺎﻓﻲء‬reward riddenrode‫ﯾﺮﻛﺐ‬ride rightedrighted‫ﯾﺼﺤﺢ‬right rolledrolled‫ﯾﻠﻒ‬-‫ﯾﺘﺪﺣﺮج‬roll roundedrounded‫ﯾﺪور‬round rowedrowed‫ﯾﺠﺪف‬-‫ﯾﺘﺸﺎﺟﺮ‬row runran‫ﯾﺠﺮي‬run sailedsailed‫ﯾﺒﺤﺮ‬sail savedsaved‫ﯾﻨﻘﺬ‬save savedsaved‫ﯾﺪﺧﺮ‬save sawedsawed‫اﻟﺨﺸﺐ‬ ‫ﯾﻨﺸﺮ‬saw saidsaid‫ﯾﻘﻮل‬say scoredscored‫ﯾﺴﺠﻞ‬score seensaw‫ﯾﺮي‬see seemedseemed‫ﯾﺒﺪو‬seem soldsold‫ﯾﺒﯿﻊ‬sell sentsent‫ﯾﺮﺳﻞ‬send setset‫ﺗﻐﺮب‬-‫ﯾﻀﺒﻂ‬set sewedsewed‫ﯾﺨﯿﻂ‬sew shakenshook‫ﯾﺼﺎﻓﺢ‬shake shinedshined‫ﯾﻠﻤﻊ‬shine shotshot‫اﻟﻨﺎر‬ ‫ﯾﻄﻠﻖ‬shoot shoutedshouted‫ﯾﺼﺮخ‬shout shownshowed‫ﯾﻌﺮض‬-‫ﯾﻈﮭﺮ‬show signedsigned‫ﯾﻮﻗﻊ‬-‫ﯾﻤﻀﻲ‬sign sungsang‫ﯾﻐﻨﻲ‬sing satsat‫ﯾﺠﻠﺲ‬sit sleptslept‫ﯾﻨﺎم‬sleep smeltsmelt‫ﯾﺸﻢ‬smell smiledsmiled‫ﯾﺒﺘﺴﻢ‬smile
  18. 18. /‫ت‬ ‫ﺧﻠﯿﻞ‬ ‫اﺑﺮاھﯿﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ‬ ‫أ/اﺑﺮاھﯿﻢ‬٠١٢٢١٩٩٥٦٣٠face/ibrheemmohamedibrheem ١٨ smokedsmoked‫ﯾﺪﺧﻦ‬smoke sownsowed‫ﯾﺒﺬر‬-‫ﯾﺰرع‬sow spokenspoke‫ﯾﺘﻜﻠﻢ‬speak spentspent‫ﯾﻘﻀﻲ‬-‫ﯾﺼﺮف‬spend splashedsplashed‫ﯾﺮش‬splash stoodstood‫ﯾﻘﻒ‬stand startedstarted‫ﯾﺒﺪأ‬start stayedstayed‫ﯾﻘﯿﻢ‬-‫ﯾﻤﻜﺚ‬stay stuckstuck‫ﯾﻠﺼﻖ‬stick stoppedstopped‫ﯾﺘﻮﻗﻒ‬-‫ﯾﻤﻨﻊ‬stop studiedstudied‫ﯾﺪرس‬study swumswam‫ﯾﺴﺒﺢ‬swim takentook‫ﯾﺄﺧﺬ‬take talkedtalked‫ﯾﺘﺤﺪث‬talk tastedtasted‫ﯾﺘﺬوق‬taste taughttaught‫ﯾﻌﻠﻢ‬teach toldtold‫ﯾﺨﺒﺮ‬tell thankedthanked‫ﯾﺸﻜﺮ‬thank thoughtthought‫ﯾﻈﻦ‬think thrownthrew‫ﯾﺮﻣﻲ‬throw tickedticked‫ﯾﺘﻜﺘﻚ‬-‫ﯾﺆﺷﺮ‬tick tiedtied‫ﯾﺮﺑﻂ‬tie touchedtouched‫ﯾﻠﻤﺲ‬touch tracedtraced‫ﯾﺘﺘﺒﻊ‬trace travelledtravelled‫ﯾﺴﺎﻓﺮ‬travel triedtried‫ﯾﺤﺎول‬try turnedturned‫ﯾﺪﯾﺮ‬-‫ﯾﺤﺮك‬turn usedused‫ﯾﺴﺘﺨﺪم‬use visitedvisited‫ﯾﺰور‬visit waitedwaited‫ﯾﻨﺘﻈﺮ‬wait wokenwoke‫ﯾﻮﻗﻆ‬wake walkedwalked‫ﯾﻤﺸﻲ‬walk wantedwanted‫ﯾﺮﯾﺪ‬want washedwashed‫ﯾﻐﺴﻞ‬wash watchedwatched‫ﯾﺸﺎھﺪ‬watch wateredwatered‫ﯾﺮوي‬-‫ﯾﺴﻘﻲ‬water wornwore‫ﯾﺮﺗﺪي‬wear weighedweighed‫ﯾﺰن‬weigh welcomedwelcomed‫ﯾﺮﺣﺐ‬welcome willedwilled‫ﯾﺮﻏﺐ‬will wonwon‫ﯾﻔﻮز‬win winkedwinked‫ﺑﻌﯿﻨﮫ‬ ‫ﯾﻐﻤﺰ‬wink wonderedwondered‫ﯾﺘﻌﺠﺐ‬wonder
  19. 19. /‫ت‬ ‫ﺧﻠﯿﻞ‬ ‫اﺑﺮاھﯿﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ‬ ‫أ/اﺑﺮاھﯿﻢ‬٠١٢٢١٩٩٥٦٣٠face/ibrheemmohamedibrheem ١٩ workedworked‫ﯾﻌﻤﻞ‬work writtenwrote‫ﯾﻜﺘﺐ‬write wrongedwronged‫ﯾﻈﻠﻢ‬wrong the Future Simple ‫اﻟﻤﺴﺘﻘﺒﻞ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﯾﺤﺪث‬ ‫ﺷﻲء‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻌﺒﯿﺮ‬ ‫اﻟﺰﻣﻦ‬ ‫ھﺬا‬ ‫ﯾﺴﺘﺨﺪم‬-with ''will'' and ''going to'' ‫ﻣﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺴﺘﻘﺒﻞ‬Will ١-. ‫اﻟﺴﺮﯾﻌﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻘﺮارات‬ ‫اﺗﺨﺎذ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺪ‬1)Quick decisions - I will go to the cinema tonight . 2)predictions about what will happen in the future . ٢-. ‫اﻟﻤﺴﺘﻘﺒﻞ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﯾﺤﺪث‬ ‫ﺳﻮف‬ ‫ﺑﻤﺎ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻨﺒﺆ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺪ‬ - Tomorrow, it will be very cold . ٣-(‫وﻋﺪ‬ )‫إﻋﻄﺎء‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺪ‬.3) Promises - I will finish it next week . ٤-.(‫)ﺗﺮﺗﯿﺒﺎت‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺪ‬4) Making arrangements . - I will meet him in the party . ٥-‫)ﺣﻘﺎﺋ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻌﺒﯿﺮ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺪ‬(‫ﻖ‬5)Facts. -Ali will be 15 next month . ٦-.(‫)ﻋﻄﺎء‬ ‫ﺗﻘﺪﯾﻢ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺪ‬6) Offers -I will do it for you . ٧-. (‫)اﻟﺘﮭﺪﯾﺪ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺪ‬7)Threats. - I will go to the police if you do it again . ‫ﻣﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺴﺘﻘﺒﻞ‬am/is /are +going to ١-(‫واﻟﺨﻄﻂ‬ ‫)اﻟﻨﯿﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺤﺪث‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺪ‬1) Intentions and plans . - Nadia is going to cook food . 2) Future action or events that are about to happen. ٢-.‫ﺗﺤﺪث‬ ‫أن‬ ‫وﺷﻚ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫أﺣﺪاث‬ ‫أو‬ ‫ﺣﺮﻛﺎت‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﺘﺤﺪث‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ‬ - It's going to rain .
  20. 20. /‫ت‬ ‫ﺧﻠﯿﻞ‬ ‫اﺑﺮاھﯿﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ‬ ‫أ/اﺑﺮاھﯿﻢ‬٠١٢٢١٩٩٥٦٣٠face/ibrheemmohamedibrheem ٢٠ ‫اﺳﺘﻔﮭﺎم‬ ‫ﺑﺄداة‬ ‫اﻟﺴﺆال‬ ‫ﺗﻜﻮﯾﻦ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺎﺻﺮ‬ ?‫اﺳﺗﻔﮭﺎم‬ ‫أداة‬ + ‫ﻣﺳﺎﻋد‬ ‫ﻓﻌل‬ + ‫ﻓﺎﻋل‬ + ‫رﺋﯾﺳﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﻌل‬ + ‫اﻟﺟﻣﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻗﻲ‬ ‫اﻻﺳﺘﻔﮫﺎم‬ ‫أدوات‬ Who ‫اﻟﻌﺎﻗل‬ ‫واﻟﻣﻔﻌول‬ ‫اﻟﻔﺎﻋل‬ ) ‫ﻣن‬ ( How long ‫اﻟﻣدة‬ ‫طول‬ ‫ﻣﺎ‬ Whom ( ‫اﻟﻌﺎﻗل‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻣﻔﻌول‬ ) ‫ﻣن‬ How long ‫طول‬ ‫ﻛم‬ ‫اﻟﻣﺳﺎﻓﺔ‬ Whose ‫ﻟﻠﻣﻠﻛﯾ‬ ) ‫ﻣن‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻠك‬( ‫ﺔ‬ How often ‫ﻣره‬ ‫ﻛم‬ What ‫ﻣﺎ‬-( ‫ﻟﻠﺷﻲء‬ ) ‫ﻣﺎذا‬ How deep =what depth ‫ﻋﻣق‬ ‫ﻣﺎ‬ Where ( ‫ﻟﻠﻣﻛﺎن‬ ) ‫أﯾن‬ How tall ‫طوﻻﻟﺷﺧص‬ ‫ﻣﺎ‬ When ( ‫ﻟﻠزﻣﺎن‬ ) ‫ﻣﺗﻲ‬ How high= what height ‫اﻻرﺗﻔﺎع‬ ‫ﻛم‬ Why ( ‫)ﻟﻠﺳﺑب‬ ‫ﻟﻣﺎذا‬ How old = what age ‫اﻟﻌﻣر‬ ‫ﻛم‬ Which (‫ﻟﻠﺗﺧﯾﯾر‬ ) ‫أي‬ How wide = what width ‫ﻋرض‬ ‫ﻣﺎ‬ How ‫ﻛﯾف‬ How heavy =what weight ‫وزن‬ ‫ﻣﺎ‬ How many ‫اﻟﻌدد‬ ‫ﻛم‬ How fast ‫ﺳرﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ‬ How much ‫اﻟﻛﻣﯾﮫ‬ ‫ﻛم‬‫اﻟﺛﻣن‬ How far ‫ﺑﻌد‬ ‫ﻣﺎ‬ (‫)اﻟﻣﺳﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻲ‬ ‫اﻟﺠﻤﻠﮫ‬ ‫اﺣﺘﻮت‬ ‫إذا‬ ‫أﻧﮫ‬ ‫ﻻﺣﻆ‬twice)–(once‫ﺑﻌﻼﻣﺔ‬ ‫أو‬ ‫اﻟﺒﺴﯿﻂ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻀﺎرع‬ ‫ﻋﻼﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬‫ﺑـ‬ ‫ﻧﺴﺄل‬ ‫أن‬ ‫ﻓﻼﺑﺪ‬tenHow of -‫اﻟﻔﻌﻞ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻨﺎﻗﺺ‬ ‫اﻟﻔﻌﻞ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﺪم‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻗﺺ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﻞ‬ ‫اﻟﺠﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫وﺟﺪت‬ ‫إذا‬ ‫ﻓﻌﻞ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﺮﯾﻔﺎت‬ ‫ﻣﺜﻞ‬Be: ‫ھﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻨﺎﻗﺼﺔ‬ ‫واﻷﻓﻌﺎل‬ Can – could –shall –should –will – would –may –might – must – have to – has to ‫و‬‫ھﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﻤﻌﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﯾﻜﻮن‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ﻋﻠﯿﮫ‬ ‫وﻧﺠﯿﺐ‬yes‫أو‬on
  21. 21. /‫ت‬ ‫ﺧﻠﯿﻞ‬ ‫اﺑﺮاھﯿﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ‬ ‫أ/اﺑﺮاھﯿﻢ‬٠١٢٢١٩٩٥٦٣٠face/ibrheemmohamedibrheem ٢١ ١‫ﻛﺎﻧ‬ ‫إذا‬ (‫اﻟﺟﻣﻠﺔ‬ ‫ت‬‫ﺑدون‬‫اﻟﻣﺳﺎﻋد‬ ‫اﻟﻔﻌل‬ ‫ﻓﺎن‬ ‫اﻷﺳﺎﺳﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻔﻌل‬ ‫ﻓﻌل‬ ‫ﯾﻛون‬‫أﺳﺎﺳﻰ‬ ٣(‫ﺗﺎم‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺿﻰ‬ ‫أو‬ ‫ﺗﺎم‬ ‫ﻣﺿﺎرع‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﺟﻣﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻧت‬ ‫إذا‬‫اﻟﻔﻌل‬ ‫ﯾﻛون‬ ‫ھو‬ ‫اﻟﻣﺳﺎﻋد‬have / has /had ٤(‫ﺑﺳﯾط‬ ‫ﻣﺿﺎرع‬ ‫اﻟﺟﻣﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻧت‬ ‫إذا‬‫اﻟﻣﺳﺎﻋد‬ ‫اﻟﻔﻌل‬ ‫ﯾﻛون‬do / does ٥(‫ﻣﺎﺿﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﺟﻣﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻧت‬ ‫إذا‬‫ﺑﺳﯾط‬‫اﻟﻣﺳﺎﻋد‬ ‫اﻟﻔﻌل‬ ‫ﯾﻛون‬did ‫ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻋﺪة‬If IF + Present Simple Future (Will + )‫اﻟﻤﺼﺪر‬ Examples: - -If he runs fast, he will catch the train. -If they work hard, they will succeed. -We will stay at home, if it rains tomorrow. ‫ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻨﺎﻗﺾ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﯿﻦ‬ ‫رواﺑﻂ‬But / However / Although  But -‫ﻟﻜ‬ ‫و‬‫ﻦ‬ The joke was funny, but we didn’t laugh.  However ‫أن‬ ‫ﻣﻊ‬ - He is an old man. However he walks for an hour every day.  Although ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫-ﺑﺎﻟﺮﻏﻢ‬ Although I was tired, I couldn't go to sleep.
  22. 22. /‫ت‬ ‫ﺧﻠﯿﻞ‬ ‫اﺑﺮاھﯿﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ‬ ‫أ/اﺑﺮاھﯿﻢ‬٠١٢٢١٩٩٥٦٣٠face/ibrheemmohamedibrheem ٢٢ Prepositions ‫اﻟﺠﺮ‬ ‫ﺣﺮوف‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬in ١.‫واﻟ‬ ‫اﻷﻣﺎﻛﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻊ‬ ‫ﺗﺴﺘﺨﺪم‬‫اﻟﺴﻨﺔ‬ ‫وﻓﺼﻮل‬ ‫ﺸﮭﻮر‬.{ in Cairo – in June – in winter …….. } { in the morning – in the afternoon - in the evening }. ‫اﻟﻨﮭﺎر‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺮات‬ ‫ﻣﻊ‬ ‫ﺗﺴﺘﺨﺪم‬ .٢ on ‫ﻋﻠﻲ‬ ١.‫اﻟﻤﻜﺎن‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺪﻻﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺴﺘﺨﺪم‬.{ on the table – on the chair …………. ٢.‫اﻷﺳﺒﻮع‬ ‫أﯾﺎم‬ ‫ﻣﻊ‬ ‫ﺗﺴﺘﺨﺪم‬.{ on Sunday – on Saturday ……….on holiday at ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ١.‫اﻟﺘﻮﻗﯿﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻊ‬ ‫ﺗﺴﺘﺨﺪم‬.{ at 7 o'clock – at 10 o'clock ……… } ٢.‫اﻷﻣﺎﻛﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻊ‬ ‫ﺗﺴﺘﺨﺪم‬.{ at home – at school…..at night ‫ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬‫ــــ‬‫ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫ــ‬ - come from + ‫ﺑﻠﺪ‬ ‫اﺳﻢ‬ ‫إﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﯾﻨﺘﻤﻰ‬ I come from Egypt. - by + ‫اﻟﻤﻮاﺻﻼ‬ ‫وﺳﯿﻠﺔ‬‫ت‬ She went to the conference by car. - would like to + ‫ﻣﺼﺪر‬ ‫ﯾﺮﯾﺪ‬‫أن‬ I would like to have some tea. - hope to + ‫ﻣﺼﺪر‬ ‫أن‬ ‫ﯾﺘﻤﻨﻰ‬ I hope to see you again. - want to + ‫ﻣﺼﺪر‬ ‫أن‬ ‫ﯾﺮﯾﺪ‬ Do you want to play computer games with me? - ask about ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﯾﺴﺄل‬ - do homework ‫اﻟﻮاﺟﺐ‬ ‫ﯾﻌﻤﻞ‬ - learn about ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﯾﺘﻌﻠﻢ‬ - during + ‫اﺳﻢ‬ ‫أﺛﻨﺎء‬ Samaa was so tired that she slept during the film. - at + ‫ﻣﻜﺎن‬ at a hotel at a hospital at university - in 5 minutes ‫دﻗﺎﺋﻖ‬ ‫ﺧﻤﺲ‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺪ‬ - send the car over ‫ﻣﻜﺎن‬ ‫إﻟﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﺴﯿﺎرة‬ ‫ﯾﺮﺳﻞ‬ - afraid of ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺋﻒ‬ He is afraid of the dog. - communicate with ‫ﻣﻊ‬ ‫ﯾﺘﻮاﺻﻞ‬He needs English to communicate with English companies. - communicate in English ‫ﺑﺎﻷﻧﺠﻠﯿﺰﯾﺔ‬ ‫ﯾﺘﻮاﺻﻞ‬ - go to the university ‫ﺑﺎﻟﺠﺎﻣﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﯾﻠﺘﺤﻖ‬ - travel overseas ‫ﻟﻠﺨﺎرج‬ ‫ﯾﺴﺎﻓﺮ‬ - That's why = so ‫ﻟﺬﻟﻚ‬
  23. 23. /‫ت‬ ‫ﺧﻠﯿﻞ‬ ‫اﺑﺮاھﯿﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ‬ ‫أ/اﺑﺮاھﯿﻢ‬٠١٢٢١٩٩٥٦٣٠face/ibrheemmohamedibrheem ٢٣ - need to = should ‫أن‬ ‫-ﯾﻨﺒﻐﻰ‬ to + ‫ﻣﺼﺪر‬ ‫ﻟﻜﻰ‬ We go to school to learn. - to + ‫ﻣﻜﺎن‬ ‫إﻟﻰ‬ want to + ‫اﻟﻔﻌﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺪر‬ ‫أن‬ ‫ﯾﺮﯾﺪ‬ - decide to + ‫اﻟﻔﻌﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺪر‬ ‫أن‬ ‫ﯾﻘﺮر‬ They decided to play computer games. - It is good to + ‫اﻟﻔﻌﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺪر‬ ‫أن‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻔﯿﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ It is good to have lots of fruit and vegetables. - feel like + ‫اﺳﻢ‬ / v. + ing ‫أن‬ ‫ﯾﺮﯾﺪ‬ I feel like a cup of coffee. - suggest + v. + ing ‫ﯾﻘﺘﺮح‬ - change jobs ‫وظﯿﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﯾﻐﯿﺮ‬ - have a holiday ‫أﺟﺎزة‬ ‫ﯾﺄﺧﺬ‬ - go on holiday ‫اﺟﺎزة‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﯾﺬھﺐ‬ - ill in hospital ‫اﻟﻤﺴﺘﺸﻔﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﯾﺾ‬ - do activities ‫ﺑﺄﻧﺸﻄﺔ‬ ‫ﯾﻘﻮم‬ - do interesting things ‫ﺷﯿﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺄﺷﯿﺎء‬ ‫ﯾﻘﻮم‬ - go diving ‫اﻟﻐﻮص‬ ‫ﯾﻤﺎرس‬ - swim to the land ‫اﻟﺒﺮ‬ ‫إﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﯾﺴﺒﺢ‬ - sleep on the beach ‫اﻟﺸﺎطﺊ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﯾﻨﺎم‬ - ask for ( ً‫ﺎ‬‫ﺷﯿﺌ‬ ) ‫ﯾﻄﻠﺐ‬ - stay with ‫ﻣﻊ‬ ‫ﯾﻘﯿﻢ‬ - in the library ‫اﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ - arrive in ( ‫ﻛﺒﯿﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻜﺎن‬ ) ‫إﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﯾﺼﻞ‬ - a ship to Alex ‫اﻻﺳﻜﻨﺪرﯾﺔ‬ ‫إﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﺠﮭﺔ‬ ‫ﺳﻔﯿﻨﺔ‬ - speak to ‫إﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﯾﺘﺤﺪث‬ - back in Egypt ‫ﻣﺼﺮ‬ ‫إﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﯾﻌﻮد‬ - has been to ‫ﻣﻜﺎن‬ ‫زﯾﺎرة‬ ‫ﻟﮫ‬ ‫ﺳﺒﻖ‬ - work for ‫ﻟﺤﺴﺎب‬ ‫ﯾﻌﻤﻞ‬ - with a broken arm ‫ﻣﻜﺴﻮرة‬ ‫ﺑﺬراع‬ - thank + ‫ﺷﺨﺺ‬ + for + ‫ﺷﺊ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﯾﺸﻜﺮ‬ - tell + ‫ﺷﺨﺺ‬ + about ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﯾﺨﺒﺮ‬ He came first / second / third / last in his class -/ ‫اﻟﺜﺎﻟﺚ‬ / ‫اﻟﺜﺎﻧﻰ‬ / ‫اﻻول‬ ‫ﺟﺎء‬‫ﻓﺼﻠﮫ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫اﻻﺧﯿﺮ‬ - go on a boat trip ‫ﺑﺎﻟﻘﺎرب‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺣﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﯾﻘﻮم‬ - score a goal ً‫ﺎ‬‫ھﺪﻓ‬ ‫ﯾﺴﺠﻞ‬ - work hard ‫ﺑﺠﺪ‬ ‫ﯾﻌﻤﻞ‬ - find a new job ‫ﺟﺪﯾﺪة‬ ‫وظﯿﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﯾﺠﺪ‬ - revise for the exam ‫ﻟﻼﻣﺘﺤﺎن‬ ‫ﯾﺮاﺟﻊ‬ - this is good news ‫ﺟﯿﺪة‬ ‫أﺧﺒﺎر‬ ‫ھﺬه‬ - do well in the exam. ‫اﻻﻣﺘﺤﺎن‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﯿﺪا‬ ‫ﯾﺆدى‬ - Don't worry ‫ﺗﻘﻠﻖ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ - I have a headache ‫ﺻﺪاع‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺪى‬ - have a baby / had a baby ‫رﺿﯿﻊ‬ ‫ﺑﻄﻔﻞ‬ ‫ُزق‬‫ر‬
  24. 24. /‫ت‬ ‫ﺧﻠﯿﻞ‬ ‫اﺑﺮاھﯿﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ‬ ‫أ/اﺑﺮاھﯿﻢ‬٠١٢٢١٩٩٥٦٣٠face/ibrheemmohamedibrheem ٢٤ - for a good price ‫ﺟﯿﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺜﻤﻦ‬ - for + ‫اﻟﻤﺎل‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺒﻠﻎ‬ - by mistake ‫ﺑﺎﻟﺨﻄﺄ‬ - Stay with ‫ﻣﻊ‬ ‫ﯾﻘﯿﻢ‬ - move to ‫إﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﯾﻨﺘﻘﻞ‬ - by bus ‫ﺑﺎﻷﺗﻮﺑﯿﺲ‬ - on the bus ‫اﻷﺗﻮﺑﯿﺲ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ - during + ‫اﺳﻢ‬ ‫أﺛﻨﺎء‬ in bed ‫اﻟﻔﺮاش‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ - on holiday ‫اﺟﺎزة‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ - in hospital ‫اﻟﻤﺴﺘﺸﻔﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬- The time is five thirty = It's five thirty. –‫اﻟﺴﺎﻋﺔ‬‫اﻟﻨﺼﻒ‬ ‫و‬ ‫اﻟﺨﺎﻣﺴﺔ‬ - talk to + ‫ﺷﺨﺺ‬ –‫ﺷﺊ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﯾﺘﻜﻠﻢ‬ - talk about + ‫ﺷﺊ‬ –‫ﺷﺊ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﯾﺘﻜﻠﻢ‬ - with an unusual hobby –‫ﻣﻌﺘﺎدة‬ ‫ﻏﯿﺮ‬ ‫ھﻮاﯾﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺪه‬ - reason for –‫ﻟـ‬ ‫ﺳﺒﺐ‬ - cause of –‫ﺳﺒﺐ‬ - I have a good idea. –‫ﺟﯿﺪة‬ ‫ﻓﻜﺮة‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺪى‬ - It's a good idea to + ‫ﻣﺼﺪر‬ -‫ﺟﯿﺪة‬ ‫ﻓﻜﺮة‬ ‫اﻧﮭﺎ‬ - like / enjoy + v. + ing –‫ﯾﺤﺐ‬–‫ﯾﺴﺘﻤﺘﻊ‬ I like playing football. I enjoy reading stories. - with - I can see with my eyes. –‫ﺑــ‬ He lives with his parents. –‫ﻣﻊ‬ The girl with long hair is my sister. –‫ذات‬ I live in a house with a swimming pool. –‫ﺑﮫ‬ - equipment –‫ﻣﻌﺪات‬–( ‫اﻟﻤﻔﺮد‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺎﻣﻞ‬ ) - different from / to –‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ‬ - important for the future –‫ﻟﻠﻤﺴﺘﻘﺒﻞ‬ ‫ھﺎم‬ - important to the people –‫ﻟﻠﻨﺎس‬ ‫ھﺎم‬ - work as a project engineer. –‫ﻣﺸﺮوع‬ ‫ﻛﻤﮭﻨﺪس‬ ‫ﯾﻌﻤﻞ‬ - work for + ‫ﺑﻠﺪ‬ ‫أو‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺔ‬ –‫أﺟﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﯾﻌﻤﻞ‬ - pay for –‫ﻧﻘﻮد‬ ‫ﯾﺪﻓﻊ‬ - continue with –‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﯾﺴﺘﻤﺮ‬ - look at –‫إﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﯾﻨﻈﺮ‬ - look for –‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﯾﺒﺤﺚ‬ - look after –‫ﺑـ‬ ‫ﯾﻌﺘﻨﻰ‬ - look up –‫اﻟﻘﺎﻣﻮس‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﯾﺒﺤﺚ‬ -look on the website –‫اﻻﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫اﺣﺘﺮس‬Look out
  25. 25. /‫ت‬ ‫ﺧﻠﯿﻞ‬ ‫اﺑﺮاھﯿﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ‬ ‫أ/اﺑﺮاھﯿﻢ‬٠١٢٢١٩٩٥٦٣٠face/ibrheemmohamedibrheem ٢٥ ‫ﻣﻠﺤﻮظﺔ‬ How many ‫ﻣﺜﻞ‬ ‫ﻋﺪد‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﮭﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﺴﺎل‬ -cansDays-loaves--Bottels-cubs-books-bowls How much ‫ﻛﻤﯿﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﮭﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﺴﺄل‬ Meat-milk-Juice-water- bread- money

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